The three isomers are:
- 1,2,3-trioxane, a hypothetical compound related to molozonide,
- 1,2,4-trioxane, a hypothetical compound whose skeleton occurs as a structural element of some antimalarial agents (artemisinin and similar drugs),
- 1,3,5-trioxane, a trimer of formaldehyde used as fuel and in plastics manufacture, and also as a solid fuel tablet when combined with Hexamine.
- Lay, Tsan H.; Yamada, Takahiro; Tsai, Po-Lun; Bozzelli, Joseph W. (1997). "Thermodynamic Parameters and Group Additivity Ring Corrections for Three- to Six-Membered Oxygen Heterocyclic Hydrocarbons". Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 101 (13): 2471–2477. doi:10.1021/jp9629497.
- Gary H. Posner, Mikhail Krasavin, Michael McCutchen, Poonsakdi Ploypradith, John P. Maxwell, Jeffrey S. Elias, Michael H. Parker (2001). "New antimalarial trioxanes and endoperoxides". Antimalarial Chemotherapy: 255–263.