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Preferred IUPAC name
Other names
TTMS, supersilane
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.203.666 Edit this at Wikidata
  • InChI=1S/C9H27Si4/c1-11(2,3)10(12(4,5)6)13(7,8)9/h1-9H3
  • C[Si](C)(C)[Si]([Si](C)(C)C)[Si](C)(C)C
Molar mass 248.663 g·mol−1
Appearance colorless liquid
Density 0.806 g/cm3
Boiling point 82–84 °C (180–183 °F; 355–357 K) 12 Torr
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

Tris(trimethylsilyl)silane is the organosilicon compound with the formula (Me3Si)3SiH (where Me = CH3). It is a colorless liquid that is classified as a hydrosilane since it contains an Si-H bond. The compound is notable as having a weak Si-H bond, with a bond dissociation energy estimated at 84 kcal/mol. For comparison, the Si-H bond in trimethylsilane is 94 kcal/mol. With such a weak bond, the compound is used as a reagent to deliver hydrogen atoms. The compound has been described as an environmentally benign analogue of tributyltin hydride.[1][2]

The compound can be prepared by protonation of tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl lithium, which is derived from tetrakis(trimethylsilyl)silane:[2]

(Me3Si)4Si + MeLi → (Me3Si)3SiLi + Me4Si
(Me3Si)3SiLi + HCl → (Me3Si)3SiH + LiCl

Alternatively, the reaction of trimethylsilyl chloride and trichlorosilane in the presence of lithium delivers the silane directly but in modest yield:[3]

3 Me3SiCl + HSiCl3 + 6 Li → (Me3Si)3SiH + 6 LiCl

Many coordination complexes have been prepared with (Me3Si)3Si (hypersilyl) ligand.[4] Chalcogenide derivatives of (Me3Si)3SiLi are also well developed:[5]

3 Me3SiLi + E → (Me3Si)3SiELi (E = S, Se, Te)


  1. ^ Chryssostomos Chatgilialoglu, Carla Ferreri, Yannick Landais, Vitaliy I. Timokhin (2018). "Thirty Years of (TMS)3SiH: A Milestone in Radical-Based Synthetic Chemistry". Chemical Reviews. 118 (14): 6516–6572. doi:10.1021/acs.chemrev.8b00109. PMID 29938502. S2CID 49413857.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b Joachim Dickhaut, Bernd Giese (1992). "Tris(trimethylsilyl)silane". Org. Synth. 70: 164. doi:10.15227/orgsyn.070.0164.
  3. ^ Bürger, H.; Kilian, W. (1969). "Spektroskopische Untersuchungen an Tris(trimethylsilyl)silan und -silan-d1". Journal of Organometallic Chemistry. 18 (2): 299–306. doi:10.1016/S0022-328X(00)85398-X.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ Wilfling, Marion; Klinkhammer, Karl W. (2010). "Gold(I)-Mediated Silicon-Silicon Bond Metathesis at Room Temperature". Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 49 (18): 3219–3223. doi:10.1002/anie.200905950. PMID 20349479.
  5. ^ Arnold, John (2007). "The Chemistry of Metal Complexes with Selenolate and Tellurolate Ligands". Progress in Inorganic Chemistry. pp. 353–417. doi:10.1002/9780470166444.ch4. ISBN 9780470166444.