Tritonia (gastropod)

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Tritonia
Tritonia festiva.jpg
A live individual of Tritonia festiva in situ, head end towards the right
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Heterobranchia
Order: Nudibranchia
Suborder: Cladobranchia
Family: Tritoniidae
Genus: Tritonia
Cuvier, 1798[1]
Species

See text

Synonyms[2]
  • Candiella Gray, 1850
  • Euphurus Rafinesque, 1815 (Unnecessary substitute name for Tritonia)
  • Microlophus Mabille & Rochebrune, 1889 (Invalid: junior homonym of Microlophus Duméril & Bibron, 1837 [Reptilia]; Myrella is a replacement name)
  • Myrella Odhner, 1963

Tritonia is a genus of sea slugs, nudibranchs, shell-less marine gastropod molluscs in the family Tritoniidae.[2]

Tritonia is the type genus of the family Tritoniidae.[2]

Species[edit]

Species within the genus Tritonia include:[3]

Synonyms:

  • Tritonia acuminata Costa A., 1840: synonym of Marionia blainvillea (Risso, 1818)
  • Tritonia alba Alder & Hancock, 1854: synonym of Tritonia hombergii Cuvier, 1803
  • Tritonia appendiculata Eliot, 1905: synonym of Tritonia challengeriana Bergh, 1884
  • Tritonia ascanii Møller, 1842: synonym of Dendronotus frondosus (Ascanius, 1774)
  • Tritonia atrofusca MacGillivray, 1843: synonym of Tritonia hombergii Cuvier, 1803
  • Tritonia aurantiaca (Barnard, 1927): accepted as Duvaucelia plebeia (G. Johnston, 1828)
  • Tritonia aurantiacum [sic]: synonym of Tritonia aurantiaca (Barnard, 1927) accepted as Tritonia plebeia G. Johnston, 1828
  • Tritonia bayeri Ev. Marcus & Er. Marcus, 1967: synonym of Tritonicula bayeri (Ev. Marcus & Er. Marcus, 1967)
  • Tritonia blainvillea Risso, 1818: synonym of Marionia blainvillea (Risso, 1818)
  • Tritonia cincta Pruvot-Fol, 1937: synonym of Tritoniopsis cincta (Pruvot-Fol, 1937)
  • Tritonia conifera Dalyell, 1853: synonym of Tritonia hombergii Cuvier, 1803 (dubious synonym)
  • Tritonia costae Vérany, 1846: synonym of Marionia blainvillea (Risso, 1818)
  • Tritonia cucullata Couthouy in Gould, 1852: synonym of Marionia cucullata (Couthouy, 1852) (original combination)
  • Tritonia cyanobranchiata Rüppell & Leuckart, 1828: synonym of Marionia cyanobranchiata (Rüppell & Leuckart, 1828) (original combination)
  • Tritonia decaphylla Cantraine, 1835: synonym of Marionia blainvillea (Risso, 1818)
  • Tritonia diomedea Bergh, 1894: synonym of Tritonia tetraquetra (Pallas, 1788)
  • Tritonia divaricata Dalyell, 1853: synonym of Tritonia hombergii Cuvier, 1803
  • Tritonia elegans Audouin, 1826: synonym of Tritoniopsis elegans (Audouin, 1826) (original combination)
  • Tritonia eriosi Ev. Marcus, 1983: synonym of Tritonia odhneri Er. Marcus, 1959
  • Tritonia felina Alder & Hancock, 1842: synonym of Dendronotus frondosus (Ascanius, 1774)
  • Tritonia gibbosa Risso, 1818: synonym of Ancula gibbosa (Risso, 1818) (original combination)
  • Tritonia gigantea Bergh, 1904: synonym of Tochuina gigantea (Bergh, 1904) (original combination)
  • Tritonia glama Rüppell & Leuckart, 1828: synonym of Marionia glama (Rüppell & Leuckart, 1828) (original combination)
  • Tritonia gracilis (Risso, 1826): synonym of Duvaucelia manicata Deshayes, 1853
  • Tritonia hamnerorum Gosliner & Ghiselin, 1987: synonym of Tritonicula hamnerorum (Gosliner & Ghiselin, 1987)
  • Tritonia hombergi [sic]: synonym of Tritonia hombergii Cuvier, 1803 (misspelling)
  • Tritonia khaleesi F. V. Silva, Azevedo & Matthews-Cascon, 2014: synonym of Marianina khaleesi (Silva, de Azevedo et Matthews-Cascon, 2014)
  • Tritonia lactea W. Thompson, 1840: synonym of Dendronotus lacteus (W. Thompson, 1840) (original combination)
  • Tritonia lineata Alder & Hancock, 1848: synonym of Duvaucelia lineata (Alder & Hancock, 1848)
  • Tritonia manicata Deshayes, 1853: synonym of Duvaucelia manicata (Deshayes, 1853)
  • Tritonia meyeri Vérany, 1862: synonym of Marionia blainvillea (Risso, 1818)
  • Tritonia moesta Bergh, 1884: synonym of Duvaucelia manicata Deshayes, 1853
  • Tritonia myrakeenae Bertsch & Mozqueira, 1986: synonym of Tritonicula myrakeenae (Bertsch & Osuna, 1986)
  • Tritonia nigritigris Valdés, Lundsten & N. G. Wilson, 2018: synonym of Tochuina nigritigris (Valdés, Lundsten & Wilson, 2018)
  • Tritonia nigromaculata Roginskaya, 1984: synonym of Tochuina nigromaculata (Roginskaya, 1984)
  • Tritonia nilsodhneri Marcus Ev., 1983: synonym of Duvaucelia odhneri J. Tardy, 1963
  • Tritonia papalotla Bertsch, Valdés & Gosliner, 2009: synonym of Trivettea papalotla (Bertsch, Valdés & Gosliner, 2009) (original combination)
  • Tritonia pickensi Ev. Marcus & Er. Marcus, 1967: synonym of Tritonicula pickensi (Ev. Marcus & Er. Marcus, 1967)
  • Tritonia plebeia G. Johnston, 1828: synonym of Duvaucelia plebeia (G. Johnston, 1828)
  • Tritonia pulchella Alder & Hancock, 1842: synonym of Dendronotus frondosus (Ascanius, 1774)
  • Tritonia pulchra G. Johnston, 1828: synonym of Duvaucelia plebeia (G. Johnston, 1828)
  • Tritonia pustulosa Deshayes, 1853: synonym of Tritonia hombergii Cuvier, 1803
  • Tritonia quadrilatera Philippi, 1844: synonym of Marionia blainvillea (Risso, 1818)
  • Tritonia reticulata Bergh, 1882: synonym of Tritonia festiva (Stearns, 1873)
  • Tritonia reynoldsii Couthouy, 1838: synonym of Dendronotus frondosus (Ascanius, 1774) (dubious synonym)
  • Tritonia rubra Rüppell & Leuckart, 1828: synonym of Marionia rubra (Rüppell & Leuckart, 1828) (original combination)
  • Tritonia striata Haefelfinger, 1963: synonym of Duvaucelia striata (Haefelfinger, 1963)
  • Tritonia taliartensis Ortea & Moro, 2009: synonym of Duvaucelia taliartensis (Ortea & Moro, 2009)
  • Tritonia tetraquetra (Pallas, 1788) sensu Bergh, 1879: synonym of Tochuina gigantea (Bergh, 1904)
  • Tritonia thethydea Delle Chiaje, 1841: synonym of Marionia blainvillea (Risso, 1818)
  • Tritonia varicosa W. Turton, 1825: synonym of Tritia varicosa (W. Turton, 1825) (original combination)
  • Tritonia wellsi Er. Marcus, 1961: synonym of Tritonicula wellsi (Er. Marcus, 1961)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cuvier G. (1798). Tableau élémentaire de l'histoire naturelle des animaux, page 387.
  2. ^ a b c MolluscaBase (2018). Tritonia Cuvier, 1798. Accessed on 2021-01-06.
  3. ^ Korshunova, T.; Martynov, A. (2020). Consolidated data on the phylogeny and evolution of the family Tritoniidae (Gastropoda: Nudibranchia) contribute to genera reassessment and clarify the taxonomic status of the neuroscience models Tritonia and Tochuina. PLOS ONE. 15(11): e0242103.
  4. ^ a b Gosliner, T.M. 1987. Nudibranchs of Southern Africa ISBN 0-930118-13-8

External links[edit]

  • Data related to Tritonia at Wikispecies