True Detective (magazine)

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True Detective
True Detective magazine cover October 1961 issue.jpg
Cover of the October 1961 issue of True Detective
Categories Crime stories
Publisher Macfadden Publications (1924–1971)
Rees Communications (1971–1995)
Globe Communications (1995)
Founder Bernarr Macfadden
Year founded 1924

True Detective (originally True Detective Mysteries) is an American true crime magazine published from 1924 to 1995. It initiated the true crime magazine genre, and during its peak from the 1940s to the early 1960s it sold millions of copies and spawned numerous imitators.

History[edit]

True Detective Mysteries was founded in 1924 by publisher Bernarr Macfadden.[1] It initially focused on mystery fiction, with a mix on non-fiction crime stories. In the 1930s, Macfadden realized the popularity of the non-fiction pieces and gradually phased out fiction. As such, True Detective Mysteries became the first true crime magazine.[2] In 1941, Macfadden changed the name to True Detective, emphasizing the magazine's move away from mystery fiction.[3]

True Detective's non-fiction stories retained some of the tone and style of noir fiction and mystery writing, laying the ground for subsequent true crime genre conventions.[1] The magazine had few ambitions as literature, although it did publish early work by Dashiell Hammett, Jim Thompson, and Ann Rule, among others.[4] It appealed to the same working class audience as its pulp fiction competitors and became a massive hit, evidently selling around 2 million copies per month in the 1930s and '40s. Its success inspired many imitators. MacFadden created a sister publication, Master Detective, and around 200 other true crime magazines emerged by the 1960s. True Detective was regarded as the standard bearer of quality and reliability.[5]

The pulp magazine industry declined in the 1960s, being out-competed by television and increasingly cheap paperback books.[6] Many magazines went out of business, but True Detective continued publication, though with increasingly sensational and sexualized content and declining quality. By the 1980s, it was one of only 11 true crime magazines still in print.[4] The magazine went through several publishers; in 1995 it was bought out by Globe Communications, who shuttered the magazine.[1][4]

After the American magazine shut down, British publishers continued True Detective under a new format, with an increased focus on European, Australian, and historical crimes.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Murley 2008, pp. 12–13.
  2. ^ Murley 2008, pp. 13, 15, 18.
  3. ^ Murley 2008, 13, 29.
  4. ^ a b c d Marr, John (August 19, 2015). "The Long Life and Quiet Death of True Detective Magazine". Gizmodo. Retrieved May 9, 2016. 
  5. ^ Murley 2008, pp. 13, 16–18.
  6. ^ Murley 2008, pp. 15–16.

References[edit]

External links[edit]