Tsitana tsita

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Tsitana tsita
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Hesperiidae
Genus: Tsitana
Species: T. tsita
Binomial name
Tsitana tsita
(Trimen, 1870)[1]
  • Cyclopides tsita Trimen, 1870
  • Steropes monochromus Mabille, 1891

Tsitana tsita, the dismal sylph, is a butterfly of the Hesperiidae family. It is found from Winterberg and Amatolas in the eastern Cape along the Drakensberg into Lesotho and KwaZulu-Natal down to sea level from Durban across the midlands to the Tugela, the Orange Free State, the eastern part of the North West Province and Gauteng into the Limpopo Province. It is also present in Zimbabwe. The habitat consists of grassland at altitudes between sea level and 2,600 metres.[2]

The wingspan is 30–38 mm for males and 32–38 mm for females. Adults are on wing from December to March (with a peak in January). There is one generation per year.[3]

The larvae feed on Stipa dregeana.


  1. ^ Tsitana at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  2. ^ Afrotropical Butterflies: Hesperiidae - Subfamily Heteropterinae
  3. ^ Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7.