Type 65 torpedo

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Torpedo Type 65
Type Torpedo
Place of origin Soviet Union/Russia
Service history
In service 1973
Production history
Manufacturer Soviet Union/Russia
Specifications
Length 9.14m (30 ft)
Diameter 65 cm (25.6 in)
Detonation
mechanism
450/557 kg high explosive

Engine Probably gas-turbine powered by hydrogen peroxide, kerosene and compressed air fuel.
Operational
range
50 km at 93 km/h, 100 km at 56 km/h
Speed 50 knots (93 km/h)
Guidance
system
active/passive sonar and wire guidance
Launch
platform
Submarines

The Type 65 is a torpedo manufactured in the Soviet Union/Russia. It was developed for use against US Navy aircraft carrier battle groups, as well as large merchant targets such as supertankers and advanced enemy submarines. It is now typically fitted to newer Russian vessels, though often the 650 mm torpedo bay is fitted with a 533 mm converter to enable firing of SS-N-15 missiles or Type 53 torpedoes.

Russian officials have stated that a 65-76A modification of this torpedo is responsible for the explosion of the Russian Kursk submarine.[1][2]

Specifications (65-76)[edit]

  • Diameter: 65 cm (25.6 in)
  • Length: 9.14m (30 ft)
  • Range: 50 km at 93 km/h, 100 km at 56 km/h
  • Max Speed: 50 knots (93 km/h)
  • Homing: active/passive sonar and wire guidance
  • Warhead: 450/557 kg high explosive
  • Propulsion: Probably gas-turbine powered by hydrogen peroxide, kerosene and compressed air fuel. Driving contra-rotating propellers.

Variants[edit]

  • 65-73 Entered service 1973, unguided torpedo. 20 kt Nuclear.
  • 65-76 Kit (Russian: Кит, Whale) Entered service 1976.
    • DT Length 11 m. Weight 4,500 kg. Warhead 450 kg.
    • DST92 Length 11 m. Weight 4,750 kg. Warhead 557 kg. Wake homing anti-ship weapon. Operates at 20 m depth. Sensor points upwards to detect the ships wake, the torpedo sweeps from side to side to find the edges of the wake.

Users[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official: 65-76 torpedo caused Kursk disaster, Signals
  2. ^ Nightmare at sea