USS Belknap (CG-26)
USS Belknap (CG-26)
|Ordered:||16 May 1961|
|Builder:||Bath Iron Works|
|Laid down:||5 February 1962|
|Launched:||20 July 1963|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. Leonard B. Cresswell, the grand-daughter and daughter of the RADMs Belknap|
|Acquired:||4 November 1964|
|Commissioned:||7 November 1964|
|Decommissioned:||20 December 1975|
|Decommissioned:||15 February 1995|
|Reclassified:||CG-26 on 30 June 1975|
|Struck:||15 December 1995|
Sunk as target on 24 SEP 1998 036° 31' 00.3" North 071° 58' 00.5" West2050 fathoms
|Class and type:||Belknap-class cruiser|
|Length:||547 ft (167 m)|
|Beam:||55 ft (17 m)|
|Draft:||31 ft (9.4 m) (maximum navigational)|
|Propulsion:||Two sets GE or De laval steam turbines. total 85,000 shp (63 MW)|
|Speed:||maximum speed 34 knots (63 km/h)|
|Complement:||64 officers and 546 enlisted|
USS Belknap (DLG-26/CG-26), named for Rear Admirals George E. Belknap (1832–1903) and Reginald Rowan Belknap (1871–1959), was the lead ship of her class of guided missile cruisers in the United States Navy. She was launched as DLG-26, a guided missile frigate under the then-current designation system, and reclassified as CG-26 on 30 June 1975.
Belknap, the first of a new class of guided missile frigates, was laid down by the Bath Iron Works Corporation at Bath in Maine on 5 February 1962 She was christened by Mrs. Leonard B. Cresswell, the granddaughter and daughter of the RADMs Belknap and was launched by the Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine on 20 July 1963 and commissioned on 7 November 1964.
Collision, fire, and reconstruction
Belknap was severely damaged in a collision with the aircraft carrier John F. Kennedy on 22 November 1975 off the coast of Sicily. A fire broke out on Belknap following the collision, and during the fire her aluminium superstructure was melted, burned, and gutted to the deck level. Seven sailors were killed on Belknap and one on John F. Kennedy.
Shortly after the fire began, boats from other vessels operating with John F. Kennedy and Belknap began to pull alongside the burning ship, often with complete disregard for their own safety. The guided missile destroyer Claude V. Ricketts and destroyer Bordelon moved in on both sides of Belknap, their men directing fire hoses into the amidships area that the stricken ship’s crew could not reach. Ironically, Bordelon would also be badly damaged in a collision with Kennedy the following year which forced her removal from service. Claude V. Ricketts moved in and secured alongside Belknap’s port side, and evacuated the injured while fragments from exploding ammunition showered down upon her weather decks. The frigate Pharris closed in the carrier’s starboard side to provide fire-fighting assistance. Ammunition from Belknap’s three-inch ready storage locker, located amidships, cooked off, hurling fiery fragments into the air and splashing around the rescue boats. Undaunted, the rescuers pulled out the seriously wounded and delivered fire-fighting supplies to the sailors who refused to surrender their ship to the conflagration.
The ammunition ship Mount Baker was involved later in the rescue and salvage of Belknap, escorting her to an ammunition depot and then providing electric and water services as Mount Baker's Explosive Ordnance Disposal team retrieved all of the remaining ammunition from Belknap. Mount Baker also took aboard most of Belknap's crew until they could be transferred to a way station for re-assignment.
The fire and the resultant damage and deaths, which would have been less had Belknap's superstructure been made of steel, may have in part driven the US Navy's decision to pursue all-steel construction in future classes of surface combatants. However, in 1987 the New York Times cited cracking in aluminum superstructures such as what occurred in the Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigates rather than fire as the reason the Navy returned to steel on some ships. The first USN combatant ships to revert to all steel superstructure were the Arleigh Burke class, which were commissioned beginning in the 1990s. Belknap was reconstructed by the Philadelphia Navy Yard from 30 January 1976 to 10 May 1980. Since the hull was still in good condition the Navy decided to use this as a test platform for the Aegis class Cruiser electronics and updated weapons systems. Until the Aegis class Cruisers came along it was one of the most powerful warships in the world and seeing service in Beirut as part of the multinational peacekeeping Force; became the first ship to fire on an enemy since Vietnam. It was the ship's Naval tactical Data Systems (NTDS) reliability during this time in Beirut and following that time. The ship's Naval Tactical data system (NTDS) was named as the defining reason the Belknap was chosen as the sixth Fleet Flagship.
Later service and Malta
Belknap was converted to a flagship by Norfolk Naval Shipyard from May 1985 to February 1986. This conversion work entailed building out the superstructure forward to just aft of the missile launcher and three decks up to add flag spaces (accommodation and office), and additional communications gear. In addition, the helicopter hangar aft was turned into accommodation spaces for flag staff and a small detachment of Marines. After this conversion she sailed to Italy and became Sixth Fleet flagship, relieving Coronado. On 27 May 1989, she participated in a naval parade with ships from 10 countries at Barcelona.
Belknap played a role in the Malta Summit between US President George H. W. Bush and Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev on 2 December and 3 December 1989. The US President, along with his advisers, James Baker, John Sununu and Brent Scowcroft, had their sleeping quarters aboard Belknap, whereas the Soviet delegation used the missile cruiser Slava. The ships were anchored in a roadstead off the coast of Marsaxlokk. Stormy weather and choppy seas resulted in some meetings being cancelled or rescheduled, and gave rise to the moniker the "Seasick Summit" among international media. In the end, the meetings took place aboard Maxsim Gorkiy, a Soviet cruise ship anchored in the harbor at La Valletta. Engineers from the Navy Ship Systems Engineering Station devised a mooring arrangement for this event, and despite the worst-case 100-year storm event, Belknap held its ground using emergency operating procedures as outlined by the engineers.
Belknap was decommissioned and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 15 February 1995 and sunk as a target on 24 September 1998.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here.
- "Kennedy". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
- "Navy Reverting to Steel in Shipbuilding after Cracks in Aluminum". The New York Times. Associated Press. 11 August 1987. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
- "Don Juan Carlos, pasará revista a buques de diez naciones". ABC (in Spanish). 27 May 1989. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
- Dowd, Maureen (3 December 1989). "THE MALTA SUMMIT: Reporter's Notebook; Superpowers Cooperating, But Not Seas". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- "The Malta Summit : Today's Schedule". Los Angeles Times. 2 December 1989. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- Shanker, Thom (2 November 1989). "Ships Off Malta Site For Seaborne Summit". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
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