USS Cullman (APA-78)

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USS Cullman APA-78.jpg
USS Cullman (APA-78) underway in San Francisco Bay, California, late 1945 or early '46, bringing home troops in Operation Magic Carpet
History
United States
Name: USS Cullman (APA-78)
Namesake: A county in Alabama
Builder: Consolidated Steel
Launched: 17 November 1944
Sponsored by: Mrs. G. E. Kenyon
Acquired: 24 January 1944
Commissioned: 25 January 1945
Decommissioned: 22 May 1946
Fate: Sold for scrap, August 1965
General characteristics
Class and type: Gilliam-class attack transport
Tonnage: 85,000 cu. ft., 600 t.
Displacement: 4,247 tons (lt), 7,080 t.(fl)
Length: 426 ft (130 m)
Beam: 58 ft (18 m)
Draft: 16 ft (4.9 m)
Propulsion: Westinghouse turboelectric drive, 2 boilers, 2 propellers, Design shaft horsepower 6,000
Speed: 16.9 knots
Capacity: 47 Officers, 802 Enlisted
Crew: 27 Officers, 295 Enlisted
Armament: 1 x 5"/38 caliber dual-purpose gun mount, 4 x twin 40mm gun mounts, 10 x single 20mm gun mounts
Notes: MCV hull No. ?, hull type S4-SE2-BD1

The USS Cullman (APA-78) was a Gilliam-class attack transport that served with the US Navy during World War II. Commissioned late in the war, she was initially assigned to transport duties and consequently did not participate in combat operations.

Cullman was named after a county in Alabama. She was launched 17 November 1944 by Consolidated Steel at Wilmington, California, under a Maritime Commission contract; transferred to the navy 24 January 1945; and commissioned the next day, Lieutenant Commander W. B. Dell, USNR, in command.

Operational history[edit]

Departing San Francisco 23 March 1945, Cullman arrived at Pearl Harbor 29 March and operated in training and inter-island transport duties until 6 July when she sailed for San Diego. Embarking troops and cargo, Cullman sailed 20 July for calls at Eniwetok and Ulithi on her way to Batangas Bay, Luzon, arriving shortly after the end of hostilities on 20 August. She loaded occupation troops, landed her army passengers at Tokyo Bay from 2 to 4 September, and arrived at Okinawa 7 September.

Transporting occupation troops[edit]

Cullman made one voyage to Guam, then landed US Marines at Taku Bar, China, for the reoccupation of northern China between 30 September and 6 October. Sailing by way of Manila, she lifted Chinese troops from Hong Kong to Taku and Tsingtao in two voyages from 24 October to 21 November.

Operation Magic Carpet[edit]

Cullman then joined Operation Magic Carpet, the giant operation tasked with bringing returning servicemen home to the United States for discharge. She embarked homeward-bound servicemen at Manila for San Francisco, arriving 16 December 1945. She made a second voyage to Okinawa between 10 January and 15 February 1946.

Decommission[edit]

Cullman then returned to San Francisco where she was decommissioned on 22 May 1946 and transferred to the War Shipping Administration 30 June 1946 for disposal. She was sold for scrap in August 1965.

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.