USS H-8 (SS-151)

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USS H-8 underway, circa 1922
USS H-8 underway, circa 1922
Career
Name: USS H-8
Ordered: by the Imperial Russian Navy, 1915
Builder: Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington
Laid down: 25 May 1918
Launched: 14 November 1918
Commissioned: 18 November 1918
Decommissioned: 17 November 1922
Reclassified: SS-151, 15 July 1920
Struck: 26 February 1931
Fate: Sold for scrapping, 28 November 1933
General characteristics
Class and type: H-class submarine
Displacement: 358 long tons (364 t) surfaced
467 long tons (474 t) submerged
Length: 150 ft 4 in (45.82 m)
Beam: 15 ft 10 in (4.83 m)
Draft: 12 ft 5 in (3.78 m)
Installed power: 950 hp (710 kW) (diesel engines)
340 hp (250 kW) (electric motors)
Propulsion: 2 × New London Ship & Engine Co. diesel engines
2 × Electro Dynamic Co. electric motors
Speed: 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph) surfaced
10.5 knots (19.4 km/h; 12.1 mph) submerged
Range: 2,300 nmi (4,300 km; 2,600 mi) at 11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph) on the surface
100 nmi (190 km; 120 mi) at 5 knots (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph) submerged
Test depth: 200 ft (61 m)
Complement: 25 officers and men
Armament: 4 × 18 in (460 mm) torpedo tubes

USS H-8 (SS-151) was a H-class submarine originally built for the Imperial Russian Navy. Six of these were not delivered pending the outcome of the Russian Revolution of 1917 before being purchased by the United States Navy on 20 May 1918.

Description[edit]

The H-class submarines had a length of 150 feet 4 inches (45.8 m) overall, a beam of 15 feet 10 inches (4.8 m) and a mean draft of 12 feet 5 inches (3.8 m). They displaced 358 long tons (364 t) on the surface and 467 long tons (474 t) submerged. The boats had a crew of 2 officers and 23 enlisted men. They had a diving depth of 200 feet (61.0 m).[1]

For surface running, they were powered by two New London Ship & Engine Co. 475-brake-horsepower (354 kW) diesel engines, each driving one propeller shaft. When submerged each propeller was driven by a 170-horsepower (127 kW) Electro Dynamic Co. electric motor. They could reach 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph) on the surface and 10.5 knots (19.4 km/h; 12.1 mph) underwater.[1] On the surface, the boats had a range of 2,300 nautical miles (4,300 km; 2,600 mi) at 11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph) and 100 nmi (190 km; 120 mi) at 5 knots (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph) submerged.[2]

The boats were armed with four 18-inch (45 cm) torpedo tubes in the bow. They carried four reloads, for a total of eight torpedoes.[2]

Construction and career[edit]

H-8 was launched on 14 November 1918, three days after the signing of the Armistice with Germany, and commissioned on 18 November 1918 with Lieutenant Commander Ralph W. Holt in command.

From there she sailed to San Pedro, California, where she was attached first to Submarine Divisions 6 and 7 (SubDivs 6 and 7). Operating with her sister ships, H-8 engaged in extensive battle and training exercises out of San Pedro, varying this routine with patrols off Santa Catalina Island.

In August 1919, H-8 played the part of U-98 in the silent film Behind the Door, which starred Wallace Beery, Jane Novak, and Hobart Bosworth.

In company with SubDivs 6 and 7, and tender Beaver, H-8 departed San Pedro on 25 July 1922 and arrived in Norfolk, Virginia on 14 September. She decommissioned there on 17 November. Her name was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 26 February 1931. She was sold for scrapping on 28 November 1933.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Friedman, p. 307
  2. ^ a b Gardiner & Gray, p. 128

References[edit]

External links[edit]