USS Jacob Bell (1842)
Colored lithograph of the Jacob Bell, published circa the 1860s.
|Name:||USS Jacob Bell|
|Namesake:||Co-proprietor of the shipbuilder|
|Builder:||Brown & Bell (New York)|
|Acquired:||22 Aug 1861, for $12,000|
|Commissioned:||22 Aug 1861|
|Decommissioned:||13 May 1865 at the Washington Navy Yard|
|Fate:||Lost at sea, 6 November 1865|
|Length:||141 ft 3 in (43.05 m)|
|Beam:||21 ft (6.4 m)|
|Depth of hold:||8 ft 1 in (2.46 m)|
|Propulsion:||steam engine, side wheel-propelled|
USS Jacob Bell was a sidewheel steamer acquired by the Union Navy for use during the American Civil War. She was one of the oldest vessels so acquired. Her duties included river patrols, guard duty, and other duties as assigned.
Commissioned in New York City
Jacob Bell, built by Brown & Bell at New York City in 1842, was purchased at New York City from O. T. Glover and F. R. Anthony 22 August 1861; and commissioned the same day, Lt. Edward P. McCrea in command.
Civil War service
Potomac River operations
Jacob Bell immediately sailed for the Potomac River, where the following day she joined steamer USS Ice Boat (1861) in shelling a Confederate battery at the mouth of Potomac Creek. She remained in the Potomac enforcing the blockade of the Virginia coast, reconnoitering along the shore of the Potomac and in its tributaries for Confederate fortifications and shelling any batteries found.
Supporting McClellan’s Peninsular Campaign
In April 1862 Jacob Bell accompanied five other Union ships to the Rappahannock River to gather information for Major General George B. McClellan, who was then launching his Peninsular Campaign and pondering over potential advantages of a second beachhead. The Union ships ascended the Rappahannock River to Tappahannock (Urbana), Virginia, 50 miles by land from Richmond, Virginia.
Jacob Bell became even more closely involved in the affairs of General McClellan's Army of the Potomac when she was transferred to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron for duty on the James River. She arrived Hampton Roads 28 May and the following day proceeded with USS Mahaska (1861) to Fort Powhatan. A party which went ashore 30 May found no evidence that the forts had been occupied. The next day USS Aroostook (1861) joined the two ships in ascending the James to a point 3 miles below Drewry's Bluff, finding no obstructions or batteries on the passage but suffering some annoyance from riflemen on the left bank. The three ships promptly returned to their anchorage off Turkey Island.
A request from General McClellan
A message from General McClellan, who was then fighting the Battle of Seven Pines, arrived a few minutes past midnight 2 June, requesting support from the Navy. Jacob Bell, accompanied by five other ships stood up stream at dawn but was prevented from reaching Richmond, Virginia, by carefully prepared obstructions at Drewry's Bluff. Nevertheless, the Navy wisely remained in the upper James, where its support a month later saved the Army of the Potomac from destruction at the end of Lee's masterful Seven Days Campaign.
Meanwhile, Jacob Bell labored tirelessly in support of the Union cause, engaging batteries and pickets ashore, reconnoitering tributaries in hostile territory, and maintaining communications along the river. She continued this valuable service until transferred back to the Potomac Flotilla, departing Fort Monroe for Washington, D.C. 2 September.
Reassigned to the Potomac Flotilla
For the remainder of the war, Jacob Bell was primarily concerned with the defense of Washington—alternately serving in the Potomac and the Rappahannock according to the ebb and flow of the titanic struggle between General Robert E. Lee and the Army of the Potomac. All the while, her duties as a blockader were discharged with skill and devotion. She captured C. F. Ward, a metal lifeboat with a contraband cargo 17 October and destroyed two schooners 4 November while on a reconnaissance mission up Nomini Creek, Virginia. On 23 August 1863, she caught schooner Golden Leaf trying to slip into Hosier's Creek, Virginia, with a cargo of sugar. Two more ships were taken in 1864.
In between prizes, blockade duty was varied by shelling batteries along the shore and landing boat parties to destroy Confederate property.
- Silverstone, Paul H. (1989): Warships of the Civil War Navies, p. 85; Naval Institute Press, Maryland, ISBN 0-87021-783-6.
- Conrad, Thomas Nelson. The Rebel Scout. Washington, DC: The National Publishing Co., 1904, p. 150
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.