USS Kline (APD-120)

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USS Kline (APD-120).jpg
USS Kline at anchor off Manila in the Philippine Islands in July 1945
History
United States
Name: USS Kline (DE-687)
Namesake: Stanley F. Kline (1901-1942), a U.S. Navy sailor and Silver Star recipient
Builder: Bethlehem Steel Company, Quincy, Massachusetts
Laid down: 27 May 1944 as Rudderow-class destroyer escort
Launched: 27 June 1944
Sponsored by: Mrs. Hazel Kline
Reclassified: APD-120, 17 July 1944
Commissioned: 18 October 1944
Decommissioned: 10 March 1947
Struck: 15 January 1966
Honors and
awards:
Two battle stars for World War II service
Fate: Transferred to the Republic of China, 22 January 1966[1] or 22 February 1966;[2]
History
Taiwan
Name: ROCS Shou Shan (DE-37)
Acquired: early 1966
Reclassified: PF-37
Reclassified: PF-893
Reclassified: PF-837
Fate: sunk as target, 18 October 2000
General characteristics
Class and type: Crosley-class high speed transport
Displacement: 2,130 long tons (2,164 t) full
Length: 306 ft (93 m)
Beam: 37 ft (11 m)
Draft: 12 ft 7 in (3.84 m)
Speed: 23 knots (43 km/h; 26 mph)
Troops: 162
Complement: 204
Armament:

USS Kline (APD-120), ex-DE-687, was a United States Navy high-speed transport in commission from 1944 to 1947.

Construction and commissioning[edit]

Kline was laid down as the Rudderow-class destroyer escort USS Kline (DE-687) on 27 May 1944 by the Bethlehem Steel Company at Quincy, Massachusetts, and was launched on 27 June 1944, sponsored by Mrs. Hazel Kline, the widow of the ship's namesake, Stanley F. Kline. Kline was reclassified as a Crosley-class high-speed transport and redesignated APD-119 on 17 July 1944. After conversion for her new role, she was commissioned on 18 October 1944 with Lieutenant B. F. Urban, USNR, in command.

Service history[edit]

World War II[edit]

While en route to shakedown at Bermuda on 6 November 1944, Kline rescued nine survivors from the U.S. Navy K-class blimp K-34, which had been forced down in a storm. Completing her shakedown, Kline cleared Norfolk, Virginia, on 24 December 1944 for World War II service in the Pacific.

Upon arriving at Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, on 20 January 1945, Kline trained underwater demolition teams until departing on 14 February 1945 for Leyte in the Philippine Islands. Intensive pre-invasion exercises were completed in the Philippines before Kline arrived off Okinawa on 26 March 1945. Kline's underwater demolition team cleared the approaches to the island. After the main invasion force landed on Okinawa on 1 April 1945, Kline remained in the area in support of the Okinawa campaign as radar and antisubmarine warfare picket. Her guns also assisted in shooting down a Japanese aircraft on 1 April 1945 and helped down another on 6 April 1945.

Kline departed the Okinawa area on 16 April 1945 and for the next six weeks underwent training and repairs. Departing for Borneo on 2 June 1945, Kline provided close fire support during the invasion of Brunei Bay on Borneo on 10 June 1945, and on 24 June 1945 her underwater demolition team gave valuable service during the invasion of Balikpapan.

Kline departed Netherlands East Indies waters on 7 July 1945 and, sailing via the Caroline Islands and Marshall Islands, arrived at Oceanside, California, on 5 August 1945.

Postwar[edit]

Following the surrender of Japan and end of World War II on 15 August 1945, Kline departed California for Japan, arriving at Sasebo, Japan, on 20 September 1945 to commence underwater reconnaissance missions. After similar operations at Nagasaki, Japan, she returned to the United States at San Diego, California, on 19 October 1945 to prepare for Operation Magic Carpet—the seaborne postwar repatriation of American serviceman from overseas—service. Kline made one Magic Carpet cruise to Pearl Harbor and returned 110 Pacific veterans to San Diego on 19 November 1945.

On 21 November 1945 Kline departed San Diego for the United States East Coast, arriving at Norfolk on 5 December 1945. On 28 January 1946, Kline arrived at Green Cove Springs, Florida, for inactivation.

Decommissioning and disposal[edit]

Kline was decommissioned on 10 March 1947 at Green Cove Springs and joined the Atlantic Reserve Fleet there. After nearly 19 years of inactivity, she was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 15 January 1966.

Honors and awards[edit]

Kline received two battle stars for World War II service.

Republic of China Navy service[edit]

On either 22 January 1966[3] or 22 February 1966,[4] Kline was sold to the Republic of China under the Military Assistance Program. In the Republic of China Navy she served as ROCS Shou Shan (PF-37), later redesiganted PF-893 and later again redesignated PF-837.

Shou Shan was sunk as a target in an air-strike exercise on 18 October 2000.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Per NavSource Online (at http://www.navsource.org/archives/10/04/04120.htm)
  2. ^ Per the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (at http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/k4/kline.htm)
  3. ^ Per NavSource Online (at http://www.navsource.org/archives/10/04/04120.htm)
  4. ^ Per the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (at http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/k4/kline.htm)

References[edit]