USS Livingston (AP-163)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
USS Livingston AK-222.jpg
USS Livingston (AK-222) in San Francisco Bay, California, in late 1945 or early 1946.
History
United States
Name: Josiah D. Whitney
Namesake: Josiah D. Whitney
Owner: War Shipping Administration (WSA)
Operator: Matson Navigation Company
Ordered: as a Type EC2-S-C1 hull, MCE hull 1637[1]
Builder: California Shipbuilding Corporation, Terminal Island, Los Angeles, California
Yard number: 170[1]
Way number: 13[1]
Laid down: 22 March 1943
Launched: 16 April 1943
Sponsored by: Mrs. D. W. Fernhout
In service: 28 April 1943
Fate: transferred to the US Navy, 25 October 1943
United States
Name: Livingston
Namesake:
Acquired: 25 October 1943
Commissioned: 10 November 1943
Decommissioned: 27 February 1946
Renamed: Livingston, 30 October 1943
Reclassified: Cargo Ship, 20 August 1944
Struck: 27 February 1946
Identification:
Nickname(s): Bronze-service-star-3d.png 2 × battle star
Fate: returned to MARCOM, 27 February 1946, laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Suisun Bay Group, Benicia, California
Status: sold for scrapping, 13 February 1973, removed 27 March 1973
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: Crater-class cargo ship
Type: Type EC2-S-C1
Displacement:
  • 4,023 long tons (4,088 t) (light)
  • 12,350 long tons (12,550 t) (full load)
Length: 441 ft 6 in (134.57 m)
Beam: 24 ft 6 in (7.47 m)
Draft: 28 ft 4 in (8.64 m)
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 12.8 kn (23.7 km/h; 14.7 mph)
Capacity:
  • 4,470 t (4,400 long tons) DWT
  • 300,000 cu ft (8,500 m3) (non-refrigerated)
Complement: 225 officers and enlisted
Armament:

USS Livingston (AP-163/AK-222) was a Crater-class cargo ship built for the US Navy during World War II. She was responsible for delivering troops, goods and equipment to locations in the Asiatic-Pacific Theater.

Construction[edit]

Livingston was laid down 22 March 1943, under a Maritime Commission(MARCOM) contract, MC hull No. 1637, as the Liberty ship SS Josiah D. Whitney, by California Shipbuilding Corporation, Terminal Island, Los Angeles, California; launched 16 April 1943; sponsored by Mrs. D. W. Fernhout; acquired by the Navy 25 October 1943; renamed Livingston 30 October 1943; and commissioned 10 November 1943, Lieutenant Commander Leroy J. Alexanderson in command.[3]

Service history[edit]

After loading cargo, Livingston departed Port Hueneme, California, 22 November 1943, for Pearl Harbor, where she prepared for the Marshall Islands campaign. Departing Pearl Harbor 25 January 1944, with Marines and Seabees, the transport arrived off Majuro 3 February, to reinforce that island. Majuro, with its spacious lagoon, was ideal base for the mobile supply force under Captain Worral R. Carter. After unloading her cargo, Livingston returned Pearl Harbor 21 February, to prepare for the next assignment.[3]

Following another cruise to Majuro in March, the transport remained in the Hawaiian Islands, rehearsing with the 27th Infantry Division for the Saipan invasion. Preparations complete, she departed Pearl Harbor 29 May, touched Kwajalein briefly, and arrived off Saipan 20 June. Needed "to secure control of sea communications through the central Pacific," Saipan was the scene of a bitter battle in which 24,000 Japanese lost their lives futilely attempting to stop the American offensive. Livingston remained off Saipan supporting the fighters ashore until she sailed for Eniwetok 2 July.[3]

Throughout the summer, she transported troops and equipment among the Allied-occupied islands in the Marshall Islands, the Gilbert Islands, and the Mariana Islands. Reclassified AK-222 on 20 August, she returned to Pearl Harbor 6 days later for additional supplies. Livingston returned to the advance bases 30 September, arriving at Eniwetok. For the next 4 months, she made cargo runs to the occupied islands before departing Saipan 26 January 1945, for San Francisco.[3]

Following a stateside overhaul, the cargo ship resumed operations in mid-April. After a round-trip cruise to Pearl Harbor, she sailed again from San Francisco, California, 15 May for Tarawa, Gilbert Islands. From arrival 12 June, she continued servicing American island forces in Micronesia throughout the rest of the war. Remaining in the western Pacific Ocean after the Japanese surrender, Livingston shuttled troops and cargo among the islands until late November. Departing Manus on 29 November, she arrived Seattle, Washington, 19 December.[3]

Post-war decommissioning[edit]

On 6 January 1946, the cargo ship arrived San Francisco where she decommissioned 27 February, and was returned to the War Shipping Administration (WSA) the same day.[3]

Fate[edit]

She was placed in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Suisun Bay Group, until purchased by Chi Shun Hua Steel Company, Ltd., on 13 February 1973, for $185,150. She was physically removed from the Reserve Fleet on 27 March 1973.[4]

Awards[edit]

Livingston received two battle stars for World War II service. Her crew was eligible for the following medals and campaign ribbons:[2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Citations

Bibliography[edit]

Online resources

  • "Livingston (AP-163)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. 29 July 2015. Retrieved 17 February 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  • "California Shipbuilding, Los Angeles CA". www.ShipbuildingHistory.com. 13 October 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  • "USS Livingston (AK-222)". Navsource.org. 3 February 2017. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  • "JOSIAH D. WHITNEY". United States Department of Transportation. Retrieved 17 February 2017.

External links[edit]

  • Photo gallery of USS Livingston (AK-222) at NavSource Naval History