USS Mintaka (AK-94)
|Ordered:||as a type (EC2-S-C1) hull, MCE hull 725, SS Ansel Briggs|
|Builder:||California Shipbuilding Corporation, Wilmington, California|
|Laid down:||9 February 1943|
|Launched:||10 March 1943|
|Acquired:||26 March 1943|
|Commissioned:||10 May 1943|
|Decommissioned:||12 February 1946|
|Struck:||26 February 1946|
|Fate:||sold for scrapping, 6 March 1968, to the Learner Corp, agentes for Union Minerals and Alloys Corp.|
|Status:||scrapping completed, 20 November 1968|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Crater-class cargo ship|
|Displacement:||4,023 t.(lt) 14,350 t.(fl)|
|Length:||441 ft 6 in (134.57 m)|
|Beam:||56 ft 11 in (17.35 m)|
|Draft:||28 ft 4 in (8.64 m)|
|Speed:||12.5 kn (14.4 mph; 23.2 km/h)|
USS Mintaka (AK-94) was a Crater-class cargo ship commissioned by the U.S. Navy for service in World War II, named after Mintaka, the star in constellation Orion. She was responsible for delivering troops, goods and equipment to locations in the war zone.
Mintaka was laid down under Maritime Commission contract as SS Ansel Briggs by California Shipbuilding Corp., Wilmington, California, 9 February 1943; launched 10 March 1943; sponsored by Mrs. A. V. Bechtel; renamed SS Mintaka 17 March 1943; delivered to the Navy 26 March 1943; and commissioned at San Diego, California, 10 May 1943, Lt. Comdr. L. S. Burgess, USCGR, in command.
World War II Pacific Theatre operations
Mintaka steamed to San Francisco late in the month and after loading cargo sailed for the South Pacific Ocean 15 June. Steaming via New Caledonia, she reached New Zealand 15 July and discharged cargo at Auckland and Wellington before departing for the U.S. West Coast 1 August. She arrived San Francisco, California, the 23d, thence steamed 11 September for Seattle to prepare for supply runs in Alaskan waters. Departing Puget Sound 24 September, she touched at Dutch Harbor 11 October and during the next month she shuttled cargo to American bases in the Aleutians. After returning to Seattle, Washington, 27 November, she underwent conversion to a troopcarrying cargo ship at Portland, Oregon, early in December.
Transporting troops to the war zone
Mintaka sailed 11 January 1944 for San Francisco whence, after embarking 1,056 troops, she sailed 2 February for the South Pacific. She reached Nouméa, New Caledonia, the 23d and began troop and cargo shuttle runs among the islands of the South Pacific. Between 27 February and 10 March she carried 1,800 troops to New Zealand and back: thence, she made a run to the New Hebrides before arriving Guadalcanal 9 April. During the next several months she maintained a busy schedule transporting fighting men and supplies to numerous American bases in Melanesia from the Admiralties to the Fijis. She carried thousands of troops to and from staging areas; on one run between the Green Islands and Guadalcanal in late May, she carried more than 1,500 soldiers.
Mintaka departed Guadalcanal 26 September; operated out of Manus, Admiralties, during much of October; and sailed in convoy 26 October for shuttle duty in the Palaus. Between 31 October and 30 November she operated from Kossol Passage south to Peleliu discharging troops and cargo. After embarking 994 veterans of the Palaus' campaign, she returned to Guadalcanal 10 December and resumed shuttle runs among the Solomons and the Bismarck Archipelago. With 968 Seabees embarked, she departed Guadalcanal 26 April 1945 bound for Okinawa.
Delivering troops to Okinawa
Steaming in convoy via Eniwetok and Ulithi, Mintaka reached Okinawa 21 May and began debarking troops Rule unloading cargo. Despite periodic Japanese air attacks, she continued off-loading operations during the next week. On 25 May her gunners splashed an enemy plane during an assault which damaged a nearby merchant ship. Mintaka sailed 31 May, touched at Ulithi 6 June, Pearl Harbor the 23d, and arrived San Francisco 3 July.
After voyage repairs, Mintaka embarked 1,035 troop reinforcements and departed Portland, Oregon, 24 July. The cessation of hostilities found her at Eniwetok. On 20 August she reached Saipan, Marianas, and began debarking troops. Subsequent troop and cargo runs during the remainder of the year carried her to Iwo Jima, Okinawa and Ulithi.
Military awards and honors
Mintaka received one battle star for World War II service. Her crew were eligible for the following medals:
- Combat Action Ribbon (retroactive)
- American Campaign Medal
- Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (1)
- World War II Victory Medal
- Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp)
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Photo gallery of Mintaka at NavSource Naval History