Ubay, Bohol

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Downtown Ubay
Downtown Ubay
Official seal of Ubay
Motto: Onward Ubay
Map of Bohol with Ubay highlighted
Map of Bohol with Ubay highlighted
Ubay is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°03′N 124°28′E / 10.05°N 124.47°E / 10.05; 124.47Coordinates: 10°03′N 124°28′E / 10.05°N 124.47°E / 10.05; 124.47
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Bohol
District 2nd District of Bohol
15 January 1844
5 October 1877
Barangay 44 (see § Barangays)
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Galicano Atup (LP)
 • Vice mayor Nelson Uy
 • Town Council
 • Total 335.06 km2 (129.37 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)[3]
 • Total 68,578
 • Density 200/km2 (530/sq mi)
 • Voter (2013) [4] 42,418
Demonym(s) Ubayanon
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6315
IDD : area code +63 (0)38
Income class 1st class
PSGC 071246000

Ubay is a first income class municipality in the island province of Bohol, Philippines. Ubay is in the northeast of the province, and has an area of 335.06 square kilometres (129.37 sq mi), with 61 kilometres (38 mi) of coastline.[5] According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 68,578, making Ubay the largest and most populated municipality in Bohol.[3] In the 2013 election, it had 42,418 registered voters.[4]

Ubay celebrates its town fiesta every 29 January in honor of the patron saint (Holy Infant).


The town's name is a contraction of the term ubay-ubay, meaning "alongside".[1]

According to Kaufmann's 1934 Visayan-English Dictionary,[6] the Visayan word "ubay" means:

  1. to accompany other in bed or along the side, be they persons or animals;
  2. the flow or rivers and streams. from one place to another.

The flow of seawater between the mainland and the island of Lapinig Grande (now Pres. C.P. Garcia town) could justify the second definition of Ubay. It is a situation that is permanent and the constant reference to the flow of water can make the term ubay be attached as the name of the place.

An alternative derivation is that the term 'ubay-ubay' or 'alongside' became the byword of seafarers who used to travel close to the shorelines of Ubay to avoid the strong current of the Canigao Channel. There was a single path to follow reach the island trading centres. This trail was located alongside (ubay) the sandy beach. Later on the term Ubay became the original name of the community.


Before the Spanish regime, Ubay was part of Talibon. On January 15, 1844, it separated from Talibon to become an independent municipality.[1]

The religious aspect of the town was established much later than the civil aspect of the town. The decree of the Spanish Governor General creating Ubay as a town in the religious aspect is dated October 22, 1877. However, Royal Order No. 695 issued by the King of Spain has the date October 5, 1877.



The town is situated east of Trinidad, north of Alicia and Mabini, and northeast of San Miguel. It is 124 kilometres (77 mi) northeast of Tagbilaran, 636 kilometres (395 mi) southeast of Manila and 71 kilometres (44 mi) east of Cebu City.


The climate is typically equatorial – temperature range over the year is less than three degrees Celsius (5.4 deg F), and annual rainfall exceeds 1,500 millimetres (59 in). The dry season starts in February and lasts through April sometimes extending to mid‑May. The climate in Ubay falls within Coronas climate type IV, characterised by not very pronounced maximum rainfall with a short dry season from one to three months and a wet season of nine to ten months.

Ubay has a tropical climate. Most months of the year are marked by significant precipitation, making agriculture favorable – it supports at least two rice crops per year. The short dry season has little impact. Ubay is classified as Am (Tropical monsoon climate) by Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.


Population census of Ubay
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 7,355 —    
1918 8,255 +0.77%
1939 21,213 +4.60%
1948 29,961 +3.91%
1960 34,090 +1.08%
1970 32,717 −0.41%
1975 34,195 +0.89%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 38,289 +2.29%
1990 48,902 +2.48%
1995 50,745 +0.70%
2000 59,827 +3.59%
2007 65,900 +1.34%
2010 68,578 +1.46%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][7][8]

When the first national census was held in 1903, the municipality had a population 7,355. It continued to grow until 1960 with 34090 (annual growth rate of 2.73% over the period). The population markedly decreased in 1970 with the creation of the municipality of Pres. C.P. Garcia, formerly a constituent barangay. Since 1970, average annual growth rate (1970-2010) is 1.87%.

The primary language is Cebuano: Filipino and English are understood to a limited degree.

In the 2013 election, it had 42,418 registered voters, meaning that 62% of the population are aged 18 and over.[4]


Map of Ubay

Ubay comprises 44 barangays organized into eight urban districts:

Barangay Population
±% p.a. Land
District Date of Fiesta

071246001 Achila 1,246 1,276 0.80% 3.84 km2
1.48 sq mi
860/sq mi
IV January 15
071246002 Bay-ang 1,626 1,656 0.61% 6.32 km2
2.44 sq mi
680/sq mi
III May 21
071246005 Benliw 2,006 2,223 3.48% 5.89 km2
2.27 sq mi
980/sq mi
VII May 13
071246004 Biabas 2,207 2,573 5.25% 22.00 km2
8.49 sq mi
300/sq mi
VIII May 17
071246007 Bongbong 779 807 1.18% 1.61 km2
0.62 sq mi
1,300/sq mi
II December 8
071246008 Bood 2,397 2,717 4.27% 1.52 km2
0.59 sq mi
4,630/sq mi
V January 16
071246009 Buenavista 711 688 −1.09% 6.51 km2
2.51 sq mi
270/sq mi
I Last Saturday of April
26 Apr 2014
25 Apr 2015
30 Apr 2016
071246055 Bulilis 1,705 1,711 0.12% 7.40 km2
2.86 sq mi
600/sq mi
II December 8
071246011 Cagting 1,853 1,597 −4.84% 10.44 km2
4.03 sq mi
400/sq mi
VII January 24
071246027 Calanggaman 1,590 1,623 0.69% 6.18 km2
2.39 sq mi
680/sq mi
III December 8
071246056 California 713 801 3.96% 3.19 km2
1.23 sq mi
650/sq mi
II May 13
071246012 Camali-an 528 581 3.24% 5.32 km2
2.05 sq mi
280/sq mi
III November 26
071246013 Camambugan 2,048 2,251 3.20% 5.47 km2
2.11 sq mi
1,070/sq mi
IV May 15
071246015 Casate 2,710 2,512 −2.50% 4.60 km2
1.78 sq mi
1,410/sq mi
IV April 5
071246017 Cuya 469 516 3.23% 0.66 km2
0.25 sq mi
2,030/sq mi
VIII February 6
071246018 Fatima 3,056 3,235 1.92% 0.75 km2
0.29 sq mi
11,170/sq mi
V May 13
071246019 Gabi 1,303 1,378 1.88% 16.46 km2
6.36 sq mi
220/sq mi
II December 9
071246020 Governor Boyles 784 888 4.24% 8.24 km2
3.18 sq mi
280/sq mi
I May 15
071246021 Guintabo-an 625 686 3.15% 0.66 km2
0.25 sq mi
2,690/sq mi
VIII January 15
071246022 Hambabauran 962 1,106 4.76% 5.21 km2
2.01 sq mi
550/sq mi
III January 15
071246023 Humayhumay 1,765 1,708 −1.09% 8.15 km2
3.15 sq mi
540/sq mi
IV February 14
071246024 Ilihan 843 802 −1.65% 6.83 km2
2.64 sq mi
300/sq mi
I May 15
071246025 Imelda 1,895 1,761 −2.41% 6.57 km2
2.54 sq mi
690/sq mi
VII May 8 &
November 27
071246026 Juagdan 1,106 1,121 0.45% 1.31 km2
0.51 sq mi
2,220/sq mi
VII May 23
071246016 Katarungan 1,294 1,524 5.60% 4.09 km2
1.58 sq mi
970/sq mi
V May 30
071246031 Lomangog 2,033 2,025 −0.13% 6.42 km2
2.48 sq mi
820/sq mi
II January 15
071246030 Los Angeles 397 436 3.17% 2.74 km2
1.06 sq mi
410/sq mi
II April 27
071246032 Pag-asa 1,081 1,168 2.61% 3.78 km2
1.46 sq mi
800/sq mi
III December 8
071246033 Pangpang 1,038 1,220 5.53% 4.50 km2
1.74 sq mi
700/sq mi
IV December 15
071246034 Poblacion 3,698 3,633 −0.59% 1.99 km2
0.77 sq mi
4,730/sq mi
V Last Friday of January
31 Jan 2014
30 Jan 2015
29 Jan 2016
071246037 San Francisco 1,497 1,677 3.86% 11.07 km2
4.27 sq mi
390/sq mi
I June 26
071246038 San Isidro 583 707 6.64% 2.62 km2
1.01 sq mi
700/sq mi
VI May 21
071246040 San Pascual 3,088 3,127 0.42% 9.73 km2
3.76 sq mi
830/sq mi
I Last Saturday of April
26 Apr 2014
25 Apr 2015
30 Apr 2016
071246041 San Vicente 962 1,074 3.74% 9.66 km2
3.73 sq mi
290/sq mi
VIII April 5
071246043 Sentinela 936 969 1.16% 2.71 km2
1.05 sq mi
930/sq mi
VI May 29
071246044 Sinandigan 1,923 1,874 −0.86% 6.07 km2
2.34 sq mi
800/sq mi
VII December 8
071246045 Tapal 1,212 1,371 4.19% 2.90 km2
1.12 sq mi
1,230/sq mi
VI May 3
071246046 Tapon 2,514 2,481 −0.44% 1.53 km2
0.59 sq mi
4,200/sq mi
V June 29
071246047 Tintinan 580 623 2.41% 0.31 km2
0.12 sq mi
5,200/sq mi
VIII September 29
071246048 Tipolo 2,208 2,456 3.61% 6.55 km2
2.53 sq mi
970/sq mi
VI April 5
071246049 Tubog 868 885 0.65% 5.14 km2
1.98 sq mi
450/sq mi
III May 16
071246050 Tuboran 1,135 1,372 6.53% 5.47 km2
2.11 sq mi
650/sq mi
IV January 15
071246052 Union 2,412 2,332 −1.12% 5.14 km2
1.98 sq mi
1,180/sq mi
VI January 15
071246054 Villa Teresita 1,514 1,407 −2.41% 2.62 km2
1.01 sq mi
1,390/sq mi
I November 28


Public market

Commerce and trade[edit]

Ubay has a number of business establishments mostly small-scale commercial trading firms engaged in retail and wholesale. A new public market building was completed recently. The regular market day is Monday and local traders from neighboring towns come to sell their merchandise consisting mostly of agricultural products and small consumer items like used clothes, household utensils and other products. Ubay also provides a market for the neighboring island municipality of Pres. Carlos P. Garcia.


The most common form of local transportation is the tricycle for nearer barangays. For far barangays, the motorcycle is the most common. All barangays are connected by roads and the only places without roads are the steep slopes of the central mountains.

The improvement of the Bohol circumferential road and the port facilities helped Ubay to become the trading and transportation hub of northeastern Bohol, connecting it to the neighboring island of Leyte and the rest of Bohol province. Passenger and cargo traffic to these destinations has noticeably increased over the years indicating an increasing volume of trade between these points.

Land transportation is provided by various short and long-distance buses, jeeps and vans, connecting Ubay to the rest of the towns in the province. Tagbilaran can be reached from Ubay in two to three hours by bus or van. There are also daily combined road/ferry services to Metro Manila (Pasay City / Cubao, Quezon City).

Ubay seaport is considered the province's principal gateway to Leyte, and Samar.[9] Its improved port area is linked to the major port destinations of neighboring provinces such as Bato and Hilongos in Leyte, Maasin City in Southern Leyte, and Cebu City, the regional capital.[10] Four vessels travels to and from Cebu City daily,[9] and routes to and from Bato, Hilongos and Maasin City are also served daily. The journey time for each destination is 4–5 hours.[11]

Ubay is home to one of only two airports in Bohol (the other being Tagbilaran Airport), but Ubay Airport is completely undeveloped and has no scheduled service, nor any facilities. The runway is only about 1,500 metres (4,920 ft) but couldn't extend at the south end becomes it is close to hills, and the north end reaches the sea.

Tourism and culture[edit]

Roman Catholic Church, Poblacion

Ubay's point of interests, destinations, and attractions include:

  • Ubay Stock Farm (USF): Started in 1921 and occupying 4,500 hectares (11,120 acres), it is the largest and oldest government livestock facility in the Philippines. The place was chosen as one of the accredited livestock technology training facilities for Visayas and Mindanao. It is located in Lomangog.[12]
  • Bohol Experimental Station: The Integrated Agricultural Research Center of Department of Agriculture in Central Visayas PhilRice's national lead agency for the planning, coordination, implementation, and monitoring of all rice research and development activities in the Philippines. It is located in Gabi.
  • Capayas Dam (or Kapayas)(sometimes known as Banana Dam): One of the largest dams in the province and located alongside the main Ubay—Alicia—Guindulman highway. The southern end is in Lumangog, the remainder in Imelda. Completed in December 1991, it irrigates 750 hectares (1,900 acres) and serves 688 farm households. In 2011, the Department of Agriculture seeded the dam with 30,000 tilapia fingerlings, as part of their sustainable food security program.[13]
  • Ubay Agri-Park: The first of its kind in the Visayan region was recently launched to boost the agriculture and tourism industries in the area. A 100-hectare (250-acre) area situated along the national highway in Lomangog, Ubay Agri-Park helps to promote agri-tourism or "farm tourism," and is a showcase of Bohol's advances in farm technology.
  • Sinandigan Multi-Species Hatchery: It is the biggest multi-species hatchery farm in the Philippines.[14] A fishery infrastructure and mariculture park established to enable the fish farmers to become totally independent from wild stocks and to promote a more stable food security for the province. The facility is producing fingerlings of various fisheries products such as, but not limited to, milkfish (bangus), groupers (lapulapu), and siganids (kitong, danggit). It also houses a seaweed tissue culture laboratory which aims to rehabilitate quality seagrass planting materials using tissue branch culture, spore shredding and callus cell culture. It is supervised by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) and inaugurated in April 2011.[15]
  • The Gaviola Ancestral House: Located at Poblacion near the Church plaza, this Filipino-Spanish house was the residence of Don Ruperto Gaviola (former mayor of Ubay). The two-storey house has a traditional cut stone ground and a wooden painted ceiling made by Cebuano artist Ray Francia.[16]


  • Ube Calamay: It is a purple rice cake, (Calamay) with Ube. This sweet and delightful delicacy is said to be originated from this town because of its large plantations of Ube (purple yam).
  • Fried Ube bread: Another mouthwatering delicacy made of ube. It is bread deep‑fried then filled with purple yam.

Ubay-ubay Festival[edit]

Like the Sinulog of Cebu, the Ubay-ubay Festival is the town's own version in celebration and honor of the patron saint, Sr. Santo Niño. This colorful and fascinating festivity is a well-attended event where devotees and tourists flock the town's major roads and venues to view the exciting grand street parade and the festival dance-competition. This celebration often held between the 28th and 30 January, every year.[17]

Local government[edit]

Ubay is governed by the municipal mayor as head of the municipality. The vice mayor is the next highest position and acts as the presiding officer of municipal council.

List of former Chief Executives of Ubay
Ubay Municipal Hall



For health services, the town has two public health units staffed by doctors, nurses, midwives, dentists, medical technologists and sanitary inspectors. A small government hospital was established to provide outpatient services to local residents. A private 15-bed hospital (in Fatima) also provides services for emergencies. A pediatrics and OB-gynae clinic complements the health services available in town.

Barangay Health Workers (BHW) from each barangay provide direct health care assistance to barangay residents.

Public order and safety[edit]

The local police force is 37 police officers. Police–population ratio is 1:1,853, less favourable than the standard ratio of 1:1,000. The police are augmented by 492 Barangay Tanod volunteers. It is reported that crime rate in Ubay is relatively low. The local Fire Department is staffed by eight fire fighters with two fire trucks. Incidence of fires is reportedly low in the municipality.


Bohol was linked to the major source of geothermal power in Leyte through the underwater connection between Maasin City, Southern Leyte and Ubay. Presently, only three of the 44 barangays have no electricity, yet only 34.97 percent of the total households in the municipality have electricity compared to the province, which was 58.3 percent energized in 2000.

The town proper and seven other barangays was served by the Ubay Water and Sanitation Cooperative. The cooperative planned to expand their service to eight other barangays in the near future. Due to consumer demand and the limited size of the supply, water service became difficult during dry months. Bohol province reported that 23.71 percent of its households had their own faucets from a community system while Ubay reported only 8.97 percent.

For the province, 21.68 percent of households had access to shared faucets while Ubay only had 8.86 percent. In Ubay, slightly more than half (51.83%) of the households had access to dug wells.


Elementary schools[edit]

There are 44 public elementary schools in the municipality – one in each barangay except Cuya, and one on Tres Reyes island.[20]

There are 7 private elementary schools.[21]

Secondary and high schools[edit]

There are 16 public and private secondary and high schools in the municipality.[22]

Higher education[edit]

To meet the increasing demands Bohol Northeastern College was founded in 1996 by Ubayano political leaders, Erico B. Aumentado and former governor David B. Tirol. The name was changed to Bohol Northern Star Colleges in January 2007.

Notable Ubayanos[edit]

  • Eutiquio Boyles - who served as the fifth provincial governor of Bohol from October 16, 1916 - October 15, 1919. Barangay Governor Boyles was named after him.[23]


  1. ^ a b c "Municipality of Ubay". Province of Bohol. 2011-09-11. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  2. ^ "Ubay Socio-Economic Profile". Municipality of Ubay. 2010-10-10. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "2013 National and Local Elections Statistics" (PDF). Commission on Elections. 2015. 
  5. ^ "Province: Bohol". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  6. ^ Kaufmann, J. (1934). Visayan-English Dictionary. Iloilo. 
  7. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City and Municipality: Central Visayas: 1995, 2000 and 2007" (PDF). National Statistics Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 June 2011. 
  8. ^ a b Saz 2007.
  9. ^ a b "Ubay Seaport". Bohol-Philippines.com. February 1, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Ubay Port Offers a better Life for many Boholanos". The Bohol Standard. July 4, 2010. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  11. ^ "The Southern Leyte Connection". Leyte-Divers.com. February 1, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Ubay Stock Farm". Cebu Daily News. Retrieved October 21, 2012. 
  13. ^ Espinola, Manny; Maghirang, Antonio (2014). Ave, Jon P.; Rodriguez, Ces, eds. "NIA at 50 : A Legacy of Serving Filipino Farmers" (PDF). Photography Raneil Ibay; Graphic Artists: Mario Sta. Maria, Shannon Olaguer; Research Assistants: Jun Danganan, CJ Brillantes. pp. 62–63. ISBN 978-9719596202. 
  14. ^ "DA, BFAR as partners for Bohol’s self-sufficiency". EDCom Bohol. April 21, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Sinandigan Multi-Species Hatchery". Bohol Sunday Post. April 24, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Gaviola Ancestral House". GV Hotel. January 1, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Ubay Annual Town Fiesta". Ubay LGU. January 1, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Eutiquio M. Bernales". Bohol Choice Cuts. 2004-07-04. Retrieved 2013-12-21. 
  19. ^ Boysillo, Florencio (October 1990). "The Province of Bohol". Ubay Past and Present 47: 11. 
  20. ^ "List of Public Schools in Bohol 2nd District" (Spreadsheet). DepEd Bohol. Retrieved 21 Oct 2012. 
  21. ^ "List and Status of Private Schools as of January 22, 2015" (PDF). Deped - Central Visayas. January 31, 2015. Retrieved March 5, 2015. 
  22. ^ "List of Public Schools in Bohol 2nd District". DepEd Bohol. Retrieved 21 Oct 2012. 
  23. ^ "Bohol Governors, Past and Present". Province of Bohol. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  24. ^ "A Legacy of Life and Work". Bohol Chronicle. Retrieved 2013-12-25. 


External links[edit]