Ubay, Bohol

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Ubay Bohol 2.JPG
Motto: Onward Ubay
Map of Bohol with Ubay highlighted
Map of Bohol with Ubay highlighted
Ubay is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°3′N 124°28′E / 10.050°N 124.467°E / 10.050; 124.467
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Bohol
District 2nd District of Bohol
15 January 1844
5 October 1877
Barangay 44 (see § Barangays)
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Galicano Atup (LP)
 • Vice Mayor Nelson Uy
 • Town Council
 • Total 335.06 km2 (129.37 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 68,578
 • Density 200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Demonym Ubayanon
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6315
IDD:area code +63 (0)38
Income class 1st class
PSGC 071246000

Ubay is a first income class municipality in the island province of Bohol, Philippines. Ubay is in the northeastern part of the province, and has an area of approximately 335.06 square kilometres (129.37 sq mi), with about 61 kilometres (38 mi) of coastline.[4] According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 68,578, making Ubay the largest and most populated municipality in Bohol.[3]

Ubay celebrates its town fiesta every 29 January in honor of the patron saint (Holy Infant).


The town's name is a contraction of the term ubay-ubay, meaning "alongside".[1]

According to the Diccionario Español-Bisaya, 1885 by Fr. Juan Feliz dela Encarnacion, the Bisayan word "ubay" means, a.) To accompany other in bed or along the side, be they persons or animals. b.) The running, flow or rivers, streams, etc. from one place to another. c.) A little bit much or somewhat plenty as when someone inquires about the bounties of a harvest or fish catch.

The flow of seawater between the mainland and the island of Lapinig Grande (now Pres. C.P. Garcia town) could justify the second definition of Ubay. It is a situation that is permanent and the constant reference to the flow of water can make the term ubay be attached as the name of the place: the name of Ubay is a toponym.[5]


Population census of Ubay
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 7,355 —    
1918 8,255 +0.77%
1939 21,213 +4.60%
1948 29,961 +3.91%
1960 34,090 +1.08%
1970 32,717 −0.41%
1975 34,195 +0.89%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 38,289 +2.29%
1990 48,902 +2.48%
1995 50,745 +0.70%
2000 59,827 +3.59%
2007 65,900 +1.34%
2010 68,578 +1.46%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][6][7]

When the first national census was held in 1903, the municipality had a population 7,355. It continued to grow until 1960 with 34090 (annual growth rate of 2.73% over the period). The population markedly decreased in 1970 with the creation of the municipality of Pres. C.P. Garcia, formerly a constituent barangay. Since 1970, annual growth rate (1970-2010) is 1.87%.

The primary language of the population is Cebuano, while Filipino and English are also spoken in a limited amount.


The town is situated east of Trinidad, north of Alicia and Mabini, and northeast of San Miguel. It is 124 kilometres (77 mi) northeast of Tagbilaran, 636 kilometres (395 mi) southeast of Manila and 71 kilometres (44 mi) east of Cebu City.


Map of Ubay

Ubay comprises 44 barangays organized into eight districts.

Below is the list of barangays, together with population, land area, population density, district, and date of their barrio fiesta.

Barangay Population
±% p.a. Land
District Date of Fiesta

Achila 1,246 1,276 0.80% 3.84 km2
1.48 sq mi
860/sq mi
IV January 15
Bay-ang 1,626 1,656 0.61% 6.32 km2
2.44 sq mi
680/sq mi
III May 21
Benliw 2,006 2,223 3.48% 5.89 km2
2.27 sq mi
980/sq mi
VII May 13
Biabas 2,207 2,573 5.25% 22.00 km2
8.49 sq mi
300/sq mi
VIII May 17
Bongbong 779 807 1.18% 1.61 km2
0.62 sq mi
1,300/sq mi
II December 8
Bood 2,397 2,717 4.27% 1.52 km2
0.59 sq mi
4,630/sq mi
V January 16
Buenavista 711 688 −1.09% 6.51 km2
2.51 sq mi
270/sq mi
I Last Saturday of April
Bulilis 1,705 1,711 0.12% 7.40 km2
2.86 sq mi
600/sq mi
II December 8
Cagting 1,853 1,597 −4.84% 10.44 km2
4.03 sq mi
400/sq mi
VII January 24
Calanggaman 1,590 1,623 0.69% 6.18 km2
2.39 sq mi
680/sq mi
III December 8
California 713 801 3.96% 3.19 km2
1.23 sq mi
650/sq mi
II May 13
Camali-an 528 581 3.24% 5.32 km2
2.05 sq mi
280/sq mi
III November 26
Camambugan 2,048 2,251 3.20% 5.47 km2
2.11 sq mi
1,070/sq mi
IV May 15
Casate 2,710 2,512 −2.50% 4.60 km2
1.78 sq mi
1,410/sq mi
IV April 5
Cuya 469 516 3.23% 0.66 km2
0.25 sq mi
2,030/sq mi
VIII February 6
Fatima 3,056 3,235 1.92% 0.75 km2
0.29 sq mi
11,170/sq mi
V May 13
Gabi 1,303 1,378 1.88% 16.46 km2
6.36 sq mi
220/sq mi
II December 9
Governor Boyles 784 888 4.24% 8.24 km2
3.18 sq mi
280/sq mi
I May 15
Guintabo-an 625 686 3.15% 0.66 km2
0.25 sq mi
2,690/sq mi
VII January 15
Hambabauran 962 1,106 4.76% 5.21 km2
2.01 sq mi
550/sq mi
III January 15
Humayhumay 1,765 1,708 −1.09% 8.15 km2
3.15 sq mi
540/sq mi
IV February 14
Ilihan 843 802 −1.65% 16.83 km2
6.50 sq mi
120/sq mi
I May 15
Imelda 1,895 1,761 −2.41% 6.57 km2
2.54 sq mi
690/sq mi
VII May 8 & Nov. 27
Juagdan 1,106 1,121 0.45% 1.31 km2
0.51 sq mi
2,220/sq mi
VIII May 23
Katarungan 1,294 1,524 5.60% 4.09 km2
1.58 sq mi
970/sq mi
V May 30
Lomangog 2,033 2,025 −0.13% 6.42 km2
2.48 sq mi
820/sq mi
II January 15
Los Angeles 397 436 3.17% 2.74 km2
1.06 sq mi
410/sq mi
II April 27
Pag-asa 1,081 1,168 2.61% 3.78 km2
1.46 sq mi
800/sq mi
III December 8
Pangpang 1,038 1,220 5.53% 4.50 km2
1.74 sq mi
700/sq mi
IV December 15
Poblacion 3,698 3,633 −0.59% 1.99 km2
0.77 sq mi
4,730/sq mi
V Last Friday of January
San Francisco 1,497 1,677 3.86% 11.07 km2
4.27 sq mi
390/sq mi
I June 26
San Isidro 583 707 6.64% 2.62 km2
1.01 sq mi
700/sq mi
VI May 21
San Pascual 3,088 3,127 0.42% 9.73 km2
3.76 sq mi
830/sq mi
I Last Saturday of April
San Vicente 962 1,074 3.74% 49.66 km2
19.17 sq mi
57/sq mi
VIII April 5
Sentinela 936 969 1.16% 2.71 km2
1.05 sq mi
930/sq mi
VI May 29
Sinandigan 1,923 1,874 −0.86% 6.07 km2
2.34 sq mi
800/sq mi
VII December 8
Tapal 1,212 1,371 4.19% 2.90 km2
1.12 sq mi
1,230/sq mi
VI May 3
Tapon 2,514 2,481 −0.44% 1.53 km2
0.59 sq mi
4,200/sq mi
V June 29
Tintinan 580 623 2.41% 0.31 km2
0.12 sq mi
5,200/sq mi
VIII September 29
Tipolo 2,208 2,456 3.61% 6.55 km2
2.53 sq mi
970/sq mi
VI April 5
Tubog 868 885 0.65% 5.14 km2
1.98 sq mi
450/sq mi
III May 16
Tuboran 1,135 1,372 6.53% 5.47 km2
2.11 sq mi
650/sq mi
IV January 15
Union 2,412 2,332 −1.12% 5.14 km2
1.98 sq mi
1,180/sq mi
VI January 15
Villa Teresita 1,514 1,407 −2.41% 12.62 km2
4.87 sq mi
290/sq mi
I November 28


Precipitation is throughout the year making agriculture favorable. Two climate conditions exist: Type D, which is characterized by rainfall more or less evenly distributed all year round and Type E, with no dry season and a very pronounced maximum rainfall from November to January.[8]

Type E affects the eastern part of Ubay and Type D affects the western part of Ubay.


Before the Spanish regime, Ubay was a part of Talibon. Gregoria "Berudja" Palestina y Reyes became the leader of the community and was very much respected by the Ubayanons. On January 15, 1844, it separated from Talibon to become an independent municipality. The first town executive was Toribio Reyes, the only child of Gregoria "Berudja" Palestina y Reyes.[1]

The religious aspect of the town was established much later than the civil aspect of the town. The decree of the Spanish Governor General creating Ubay as a town in the religious aspect is dated October 22, 1877. However, Royal Order No. 695 issued by the King of Spain has the date October 5, 1877.

The civil aspect of the town is obtained from through inference from the records. At the National Archives, there is a yearly publication known as Guia de Forasteros (Guide to Foreigners). The listing from the year 1834 to 1865 is available. The first time that Ubay was listed as town was on year 1844 and listed every year thereafter. Therefore, Ubay became a town in the civil aspect in 1844.[5]


Public market

Commerce and trade[edit]

Ubay has a number of business establishments mostly small-scale commercial trading firms engaged in retail and wholesale. A new public market building was completed recently. The regular market day is Monday and local traders from neighboring towns come to sell their merchandise consisting mostly of agricultural products and small consumer items like used clothes, household utensils and other products. Ubay also provides a market for the neighboring island municipality of Pres. Carlos P. Garcia. Local trade with Leyte and Cebu is facilitated by regular daily or twice-daily boat trips to and from Maasin City, Southern Leyte, and Bato, Leyte and Cebu City. Passenger and cargo traffic to these destinations has also noticeably increased over the years indicating an increasing volume of trade between these points.


The most common form of transportation is the tricycle for nearer barangays. For far barangays, the most common mode of transport is the motorcycle. All barangays are connected by roads and the only places where there are no roads are the steep slopes of the central mountains.

Tourism and culture[edit]

Roman Catholic Church, Poblacion

Ubay's point of interests, destinations, and attractions include:

  • Ubay Stock Farm (USF): Started in 1921 and occupying 4,500 hectares (11,120 acres), it is the largest and oldest government livestock facility in the Philippines. The place was chosen as one of the accredited livestock technology training facilities for Visayas and Mindanao. It is located in Lomangog.[9]
  • Bohol Experimental Station: The Integrated Agricultural Research Center of Department of Agriculture in Central Visayas PhilRice's national lead agency for the planning, coordination, implementation, and monitoring of all rice research and development activities in the Philippines. It is located in Gabi.
  • Capayas Dam: One of the largest dams in the province and located along the national highway in Bay-ang. It is the major source of water supply of the town for home use and irrigation.
  • Ubay Agri-Park: The first of its kind in the Visayan region was recently launched to boost the agriculture and tourism industries in the area. A 100-hectare (250-acre)area situated along the national highway in Lomangog, Ubay Agri-Park helps to promote agri-tourism or "farm tourism," and is a showcase of Bohol’s advances in farm technology.
  • Sinandigan Multi-Species Hatchery: It is the biggest multi-species hatchery farm in the Philipines.[10] A fishery infrastructure and mariculture park established to enable the fish farmers to become totally independent from wild stocks and to promote a more stable food security for the province. The facility is producing fingerlings of various fisheries products such as, but not limited to, milkfish (bangus), groupers (lapulapu), and siganids (kitong, danggit). It also houses a seaweed tissue culture laboratory which aims to rehabilitate quality seagrass planting materials using tissue branch culture, spore shredding and callus cell culture. It is supervised by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) and inaugurated in April 2011.[11]
  • The Gaviola Ancestral House: Located at Poblacion near the Church plaza, this Filipino-Spanish house was the residence of Don Ruperto Gaviola (former mayor of Ubay). The two-storey house has a traditional cut stone ground and a wooden painted ceiling made by Cebuano artist Ray Francia.[12]


  • Ube Calamay: It is a purple rice cake, (Calamay) with Ube. This sweet and delightful delicacy is said to be originated from this town because of its large plantations of Ube (purple yam).
  • Fried Ube bread: Another mouthwatering delicacy made of ube. It is bread deep‑fried then filled with purple yam.

Ubay-ubay Festival[edit]

Like the Sinulog of Cebu, the Ubay-ubay Festival is the town's own version in celebration and honor of the patron saint, Sr. Santo Niño. This colorful and fascinating festivity is a well-attended event where devotees and tourists flock the town's major roads and venues to view the exciting grand street parade and the festival dance-competition. This celebration often held between the 28th and 30 January, every year.[13]

Local government[edit]

Ubay Municipal Hall

Ubay is governed by the municipal mayor as head of the municipality. The vice-mayor is the next highest position and acts as the presiding officer of municipal council.

List of former Chief Executives of Ubay



The improvement of the Bohol circumferential road and the port facilities had helped Ubay to become the trading and transportation hub of northeastern Bohol connecting it to the neighboring island of Leyte and the rest of Bohol province.

Ubay is home to one of only two airports in Bohol (the other being Tagbilaran Airport), but Ubay Airport has no scheduled service, nor any facilities.

Land transportation is provided by various short and long-distance buses, jeeps and vans, connecting Ubay to the rest of the towns in the province. Tagbilaran can be reached from Ubay in two to three hours by bus or van. Bolanos Bus Lines, Mega Bus Lines, UltraBus Lines and Silver Star Bus Lines are the bus companies driving the Ubay to Metro Manila (Pasay City / Cubao, Quezon City) route with each bus line having at least one daily trip.


For health services, the town has two public health units staffed by doctors, nurses, midwives, dentists, medical technologists and sanitary inspectors. A small government hospital was established to provide outpatient services to local residents. A private 15-bed hospital also provides services for emergencies. A pediatric and OB-Gyne clinic compliment the health services available in town.

Barangay Health Workers (BHW) from each barangay provided direct health care assistance to barangay residents.

Public order and safety[edit]

The local police force is 37 police officers. Police–population ratio is 1:1,853, less favourable than the standard ratio of 1:1,000. The police are augmented by 492 Barangay Tanod volunteers. It is reported that crime rate in Ubay is relatively low. The local Fire Department is staffed by eight fire fighters with two fire trucks. Incidence of fires is reportedly low in the municipality.


Bohol was linked to the major source of geothermal power in Leyte through the underwater connection between Maasin City, Southern Leyte and Ubay. Presently, only three of the 44 barangays have no electricity, yet only 34.97 percent of the total households in the municipality have electricity compared to the province, which was 58.3 percent energized in 2000.

The town proper and seven other barangays was served by the Ubay Water and Sanitation Cooperative. The cooperative planned to expand their service to eight other barangays in the near future. Due to consumer demand and the limited size of the supply, water service became difficult during dry months. Bohol province reported that 23.71 percent of its households had their own faucets from a community system while Ubay reported only 8.97 percent.

For the province, 21.68 percent of households had access to shared faucets while Ubay only had 8.86 percent. In Ubay, slightly more than half (51.83%) of the households had access to dug wells.


College school[edit]

To meet the increasing demands of growing college, the Bohol Northeastern College was founded in 1996 and established by famous Ubayano great political leaders, Erico B. Aumentado and former governor David B. Tirol. The name was later changed to Bohol Northern Star Colleges in January 2007.

Secondary and high schools[edit]

  • Biabas Trade High School
  • Bohol Northeastern Education Foundation
  • Bulilis High School
  • Cagting High School
  • Camambugan National High School
  • Hambabauran High School
  • Holy Child Academy
  • Icthus Christian Academy
  • Sacred Heart Learning and Formation Center
  • San Pascual Academy
  • San Pascual National Agricultural High School
  • Tapal Integrated School
  • Tubog Integrated School
  • Ubay National Science High School
  • Montessori Educational Learning Centre of Ubay (High school)
  • Union National High School[16]

Elementary schools[edit]

Private elementary schools[edit]

  • Bohol Northeastern Education Foundation
  • Grace Multi-Level School
  • Icthus Christian Academy
  • Sacred Heart Learning and Formation Center
  • Ubay Seventh Day Adventist Multigrade School
  • Montessori Educational Learning Center of Ubay

Public elementary schools[edit]

  • Achila Primary School
  • Bay-ang Elementary School
  • Benliw Elementary School
  • Bongbong Elementary School
  • Bood Elementary School
  • Buenavista Elementary School
  • Bulilis Elementary School
  • Cagting Elementary School
  • Calanggaman Elementary School
  • California Elementary School
  • Camambugan Elementary School
  • Casate Elementary School
  • Cuya Primary School
  • Fatima Elementary School
  • Gabi Elementary School
  • Governor Boyles Elementary School
  • Guintaboan Elementary School
  • Hambabauran Elementary School
  • Humayhumay Elementary School
  • Ilihan Elementary School
  • Imelda Elementary School
  • Juagdan Elementary School
  • Katarungan Elementary School
  • Lomangog Elementary School
  • Luz Elementary School (Camali-an)
  • New Los Angeles Elementary School
  • Pag-asa Elementary School
  • Pangpang Elementary School
  • San Francisco Elementary School
  • San Isidro Primary School
  • San Vicente Elementary School
  • Sentinela Elementary School
  • Sinandigan Elementary School
  • Tapal Integrated School
  • Tapon Elementary School
  • Tintinan Elementary School
  • Tipolo Elementary School
  • Tres Reyes Primary School
  • Tubog Integrated School
  • Tuboran Elementary School
  • Ubay I Central Elementary School (Poblacion)
  • Ubay II Central Elementary School (Biabas)
  • Ubay III Central Elementary School (San Pascual)
  • Union Elementary School
  • Villa Teresita Elementary School[16]

Notable Ubayanos[edit]

  • Eutiquio Boyles - who served as the fifth provincial governor of Bohol from October 16, 1916 - October 15, 1919. Barangay Governor Boyles was named after him.[17]


  1. ^ a b c "Municipality of Ubay". Province of Bohol. 2011-09-11. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  2. ^ "Ubay Socio-Economic Profile". Municipality of Ubay. 2010-10-10. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Province: Bohol". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Toponyms of Bohol and its Towns". Jes B. Tirol. Retrieved 2012-11-04. 
  6. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City and Municipality: Central Visayas: 1995, 2000 and 2007". National Statistics Office. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Saz 2007.
  8. ^ "Weather Statistics of Ubay, Bohol". Sunmap EU. Retrieved 2013-06-01. 
  9. ^ "Ubay Stock Farm". Cebu Daily News. Retrieved October 21, 2012. 
  10. ^ "DA, BFAR as partners for Bohol’s self-sufficiency". EDCom Bohol. April 21, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Sinandigan Multi-Species Hatchery". Bohol Sunday Post. April 24, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Gaviola Ancestral House". GV Hotel. January 1, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Ubay Annual Town Fiesta". Ubay LGU. January 1, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Eutiquio M. Bernales". Bohol Choice Cuts. 2004-07-04. Retrieved 2013-12-21. 
  15. ^ Boysillo, Florencio (October 1990). "The Province of Bohol". Ubay Past and Present 47: 11. 
  16. ^ a b "List of Public Schools in Bohol 2nd District". DepEd Bohol. Retrieved 21 Oct 2012. 
  17. ^ "Bohol Governors, Past and Present". Province of Bohol. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  18. ^ "A Legacy of Life and Work". Bohol Chronicle. Retrieved 2013-12-25. 


External links[edit]