Umar Shaikh Mirza II

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Umar Sheikh Mirza II
King of Ferghana Valley
Umar Shaykh Mirza, 1875-1900.jpg
Born870 AH/ 1456
Samarkand, Uzbekistan
Died899 AH/ 10 June 1494 (aged 38)
Ferghana, Uzbekistan
SpouseQutlugh Nigar Khanum (m.1475)
Ulus Agha
Fatma Sultan Agha
Makhdum Sultan Begum
Umid Aghacha
Yun Sultan Aghacha
Agha Sultan Aghacha
IssueKhanzada Begum
Babur, Mughal Emperor
Jahangir Mirza II
Nasir Mirza
Mihr Banu Begum
Shahr Banu Begum
Yadgar Sultan Begum
Rukaiya Sultan Begum
HouseHouse of Timur
FatherAbu Sa'id Mirza
MotherShah Sultan Begum
ReligionSunni Islam

Umar Shaikh Mirza II (1456–1494 C.E.) was the ruler of the Fergana Valley. He was the fourth son of Abu Sa'id Mirza, the Emperor of the Timurid Empire in what is now Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, eastern Iran and Afghanistan.

His first wife and chief consort was Qutlugh Nigar Khanum, a princess of the Chagatai Khanate and daughter of Yunus Khan of Moghulistan. Umar had two other wives and had three sons and five daughters from his wives. His eldest son was Babur Mirza from his wife Qutlugh Nigar Khanum. His sons from this other two wives were Jahangir Mirza II and Nasir Mirza. His eldest son Babur Mirza founded the Mughal Empire in 1525 and was the first Mughal Emperor of India.

Umar Shaikh Mirza died in a freak accident in Aksi fort, North Fergana, on 10 June 1494. It occurred when he was in his dovecote, which was built at the edge of the building, collapsed, thus making eleven-year-old Babur, the ruler of Fergana.[1]



He had a total of seven consorts:

  • Qutlugh Nigar Khanum (m.1475), daughter of Yunus Khan of Moghulistan and Aisan Daulat Begum;
  • Ulus Agha (div.), daughter of Khwaja Hussein Beg;
  • Fatima Sultan Agha, daughter of one of the begs of Mogul Tumans;
  • Makhdum Sultan Begum, known as Karaguz Begum;
  • Umid Aghacha, a concubine who died before Mirza;
  • Yun Sultan Aghacha, a Moghul concubine;
  • Agha Sultan Aghacha, another concubine;

He had three sons:

  • Babur - with Qutlugh Nigar Khanum;
  • Jahangir Mirza (1485 - 1508) - with Fatima Sultan Agha;
  • Nasir Mirza (1487 - 1515) - with Umid Aghacha;

He had six daughters:

  • A stillborn daughter - with Ulus Agha;
  • Khanzada Begum (1478 - 1545) - with Qutlugh Nigar Khanum;
  • Mihr Banu Begum (born 1481) - with Umid Aghacha;
  • Shahr Banu Begum (1491 - 1542) - with Umid Aghacha, married to Junaid Barlas;
  • Yadgar Sultan Begum (born 1494) - with Agha Sultan Aghacha, married to Abdul Latif Sultan, son of Hamza Sultan;
  • Rukaiya Sultan Begum (1494 - 1528) - with Makhdum Sultan Begum, married to Jani Beg Sultan;


  1. ^ Abraham Eraly (17 September 2007). Emperors Of The Peacock Throne: The Saga of the Great Moghuls. Penguin Books Limited. p. 18. ISBN 978-93-5118-093-7.


  • "Mirza Muhammad Haidar". Silk Road Seattle. University of Washington. Retrieved 2006-11-07. On the occasion of the birth of Babar Padishah (the son of Omar Shaikh)