Umberto Barbaro

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Umberto Barbaro was an Italian film critic and essayist. He was born in Acireale on January 3, 1902 and died on March 19, 1959 in Rome.

Biography[edit]

Umberto Barbaro was active in many fields: fiction, drama, cinema, criticism and history of figurative art. In 1923 he was the editor of La bilancia and collaborated with Dino Terra, Vinicio Paladini and Paolo Flores. In 1927 he was among the leaders of the Movimento Immaginista and one of the "left" among the Futurists. His work received attention in France, America, Russia and Germany.[1] With Anton Giulio Bragaglia he founded the Teatro degli Indipendenti in Rome.[2] He knew Russian and German and translated the works of Heinrich von Kleist, Mikhail Bulgakov and Frank Wedekind into Italian. Barbaro was a journalist, essayist, novelist and his writings appear in several magazines of the time.[3]

In 1936 he co-founded, with Luigi Chiarini, the Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia in Rome and became a teacher. They published the monthly film magazine Bianco e Nero, directly tied to the Centro Sperimentale. After the Second World War, Barbaro continued his studies on cinema in general and in particular Soviet cinema. He made additional translations into Italian of the writings of theorists of cinema, including Vsevolod Pudovkin, Sergej Mikhailovich Eisenstein, Rudolf Arnheim and Béla Balázs. In 1947 he also translated Sigmund Freud.[4] In 1945 Barbaro was appointed Special Commissioner by the Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia, a position he held until 1947, when it was removed for political reasons. Barbaro was a backer of the neo-realist cinema.

Barbaro began his filmmaking debut as writer, in 1933 with a documentary, Cantieri dell'Adriatico followed by his only full-length film, L'ultima nemica. After the war turns, with the help of Roberto Longhi, Barbaro made two short of films dedicated to Carpaccio and Caravaggio.

Barbaro was a film critic for L'Unità, the weekly Vie Nuove e a Filmcritica, and the fortnightly L'Eco del cinema magazines.

Umberto Barbaro has been elected to the "Biblioteca del Cinema and awarded the Premio Nazionale Filmcritica [5]

Publications[edit]

  • Luce fredda, novel, Lanciano, Carabba Ed., 1931; reprinted Montepulciano, Ed. Del Grifo, 1990
  • L'isola del sale, a novel serialized in L'Italia letteraria, 1935; reprinted Bari, Palomar, 2002
  • L'essenza del can barbone, short stories, Lanciano, Carabba, 1931; reprinted Naples, Liguori Ed., 1996
  • L'attore, (a cura), Rome, Bianco e Nero Ed., 1938. Text can also be found in Bianco e Nero, 2/3, 1938
  • Film: soggetto e sceneggiatura, Rome, Bianco e Nero, 1939
  • Il cinema e l'uomo moderno, Rome, Le Edizioni Sociali, 1950
  • Poesia del film, Roma, Filmcritica Ed., 1955; reprinted Rome, Bulzoni, 1999
  • L'arte dell'attore, with Luigi Chiarini, (edited) Rome, Bianco e Nero Ed.,1950

Posthumous works[edit]

  • Il film e il risarcimento marxista dell'arte, Roma, Editori Riuniti, 1960
  • Servitù e grandezza del cinema, edited by Lorenzo Quaglietti, Roma, Editori Riuniti, 1962
  • Il cinema tedesco, edited by di Mino Argentieri, Roma, Editori Riuniti,1973
  • Neorealismo e realismo, edited by Gianpiero Brunetta, Roma, Editori Riuniti, 1973
  • Fratelli d'Italia, film script written with Luigi Chiarini, in Cinemasessanta, 302, October–December 2009

Filmography[edit]

Scripts[edit]

  • Seconda B, directed by Goffredo Alessandrini,1934
  • La peccatrice, directed by Amleto Palermi, 1941
  • Via delle cinque lune, directed by Luigi Chiarini, 1942
  • La bella addormentata, directed by Luigi Chiarini, 1942
  • Paura d'amare, directed by Gaetano Amata, 1942
  • La locandiera, directed by Luigi Chiarini, 1943
  • Caccia tragica, directed by Giuseppe De Santis, 1948
  • Fabiola, directed by Alessandro Blasetti, 1948. Not credited
  • Czarci zleb (The Passage of the Devil), directed by Tadeusz Kański and Aldo Vergano. Poland, unpublished in Italy, 1949
  • La figlia del forzato, directed by Gaetano Amata, 1953

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vicina al movimento Immaginista, la casa editrice "La Ruota dentata" pubblica un numero unico di una rivista con questo stesso titolo e numerosi testi futuristi
  2. ^ Per il Teatro degli Indipendenti scrive testi, poi rappresentati, tra i quali Il bolide, scalari e vettori, Ancorato al nome di Maria e, insieme a Bonaventura Grassi, L'inferno.
  3. ^ Tra l'altro collabora a Occidente, L'Italia letteraria, Quadrivio, L'italiano, L'Italia vivente.
  4. ^ Tra le altre traduzioni: Vsevolod Illarionovič Pudovkin, Film e fonofilm, Roma, Edizioni d'Italia, 1936; Vsevolod Illarionovič Pudovkin,L'attore nel film, Roma, Edizioni dell'Ateneo, 1947; Sigmund Freud, Nuovi saggi di psicanalisi, 1947.
  5. ^ Gian Piero Brunetta, Umberto Barbaro e l'idea di neorealismo: 1930-1943, Padua, Liviana Editrice, 1969; Umberto Carpi, Bolscevico immaginista, Napoles, Liguori, 1981; Maria Di Giovanna, Teatro e narrativa di Umberto Barbaro. Rome, Bulzoni, 1992; Lea Durante, Umberto Barbaro e il "realismo" della letteratura, in Umberto Barbaro,L'essenza del can barbone, Napole, Liguori, 1997; Dossier Barbaro, in Cinemasessanta, 303, October–December, Reggio Calabria, Città del sole Ed.,2009.

External links[edit]