Umbilical cord compression
|Compression of umbilical cord|
|Classification and external resources|
Umbilical cord compression is the obstruction of blood flow through the umbilical cord secondary to pressure from an external object or misalignment of the cord itself. Cord compression happens in about one in 10 deliveries.
- Nuchal cord, when the umbilical cord is (tightly) around the neck of the fetus
- Entanglement of the cord
- Knot in the cord
- As a complication of oligohydramnios in which there is insufficient amniotic fluid
- Compression during uterine contractions in childbirth
Umbilical cord compression may be relieved by the mother switching to another position. In persistent severe signs of fetal distress, Cesarean section may be needed.
- Childbirth Complications at medicinenet.com. Last Editorial Review: 1/30/2005
- P02.5 Fetus and newborn affected by other compression of umbilical cord in ICD-10, the International Statistical Classification of Diseases