Umbilical cord compression
|Compression of umbilical cord|
|A knotted cord on a newborn baby.|
Umbilical cord compression is the obstruction of blood flow through the umbilical cord secondary to pressure from an external object or misalignment of the cord itself. Cord compression happens in about one in 10 deliveries.
- Nuchal cord, when the umbilical cord is (tightly) around the neck of the fetus
- Entanglement of the cord
- Knot in the cord
- Cord prolapse, where the umbilical cord exits the birth canal before the baby, which can cause cord compression.
- As a complication of oligohydramnios in which there is insufficient amniotic fluid
- Compression during uterine contractions in childbirth
Umbilical cord compression may be relieved by the mother switching to another position. In persistent severe signs of fetal distress, Cesarean section may be needed.
- Childbirth Complications at medicinenet.com. Last Editorial Review: 1/30/2005
- P02.5 Fetus and newborn affected by other compression of umbilical cord in ICD-10, the International Statistical Classification of Diseases
- Holton, Tim. "How Umbilical Cord Complications Can Endanger A Baby's Life". www.holtonlaw.com.