Under the Gaslight
|Under the Gaslight|
The famous train scene.
|Written by||Augustin Daly|
|Date premiered||12 August 1867|
|Place premiered||Worrell Sisters' New York Theatre|
Under the Gaslight is an 1867 play by Augustin Daly. It was his first successful play, and is a primary example of a melodrama, best known for its suspense scene where a person is tied to railroad tracks as a train approaches, only to be saved from death at the last possible moment.
The show had a successful initial run at the Worrell Sisters' New York Theatre in New York, starting on August 12, 1867, and running through October 1, a total of 47 performances. Rose Eytinge starred at Laura Courtland. It returned for an additional two-month run in December 1867, with the Worrell Sisters playing the lead three female roles.
The play is an example of Daly's mixture of realism and melodrama, with authenticity of his depiction of real locations in New York in the play, and in his use of social commentary. Though the play introduced the now-clichéd device of the villain tying someone to railroad tracks, it was also a reversal of the usual roles because a male character (Snorkey, a comic sidekick) was tied up, and the heroine saves him.
In the book Vagrant Memories, critic William Winter recalls how Daly came up with the device: "He was walking home toward night, thinking intently about the play which he had begun to write, when suddenly the crowning expedient occurred to him and at the same instant he stumbled over a misplaced flagstone, striking his right foot against the edge of the stone and sustaining a severe hurt. "I was near my door," he said, "and I rushed into the house, threw myself into a chair, grasping my injured foot with both hands, for the pain was great, and exclaiming, over and over again, 'I've got it! I've got it! And it beats hot-irons all to pieces!" I wasn't even thinking of the hurt. I had the thought of having my hero tied on a railroad track and rescued by his sweetheart, just in the nick of time, before the swift passage of an express train across a dark stage.
Some have argued that Daly borrowed the train device from the English play The Engineer, which also put a train on the stage though the circumstances of the storyline were not identical. Daly was able to successfully get an injunction against Dion Boucicault over his 1868 play After Dark, which also had a train scene, a case that became an important decision in copyright law.
Original cast (New York, August 12, 1867)
- Ray Trafford by A.H. (Dolly) Davenport
- Snorkey by John K. Mortimer
- Byke by John B. Studley
- Ed. Demilt by Mr. Newton
- Windel by Mr. Reed
- Justice Bowling by Welsh Edwards
- Counsellor Splinter by Jason Dunn
- Bermudas by C.T. Parsloe
- Peanuts by Master Shea
- Lillywhite by Master Shay
- Sam by Mr. Williams
- Rafferdi by Mr. Sullivan
- The Sergeant of the River Patrol by Mr. Hurley
- Policeman 999 by Mr. Sampson
- Martin by Mr. Fielding
- Peter Rich by Master Willie
- The Signal Man at Shrewsbury Road by Mr. H. Ryner
- Laura Courtland by Rose Eytinge
- Pearl Courtland by Blanche Grey
- Peachblossom by Mrs. Skerrett
- Old Judas by Mrs. Wright
- Mrs. Van Dam by Miss Lizzie Davey
- Sue Earlie by Miss Mason
- Lizzie Liston by Miss Macy
Adaptations and legacy
The play was adapted to a silent film of the same name in 1914.
Unlike the vast majority of 19th century American plays, Under the Gaslight has continued to be revived to the modern day. Notable revivals include ones in 1993 at the Soho Repertory Theatre in New York, 1995 at the Laguna Playhouse in southern California and the Metropolitan Playhouse in New York in 2009, among others.
- Kabatchnick, Ammon. Blood on the Stage, 1800 to 1900: Milestone Plays of Murder, Mystery, and Mayhem, pp. 351-52 (2017)
- Fisher, James. Historical Dictionary of American Theater: Beginnings, pp. 441-42 (2015)
- Advertisement, New York Herald (advertisement for play with positive quotes from reviews)
- Walter J. Meserve, An Outline History of American Drama, 2nd ed., 1994.
- Kotulski, Richard Wakefield. "Under the Gaslight". rwkotulski.org. Archived from the original on June 15, 2012.
- Winter, William (1915). Vagrant Memories Being Further Recollections of Other Days. New York: George H. Doran Company. p. 279.
- The Continuum Encyclopedia of American Literature, p. 249 (2005)
- (31 May 2000). Melodramatic Gaslight Brings 1860s Theatre to Seattle's Empty Space May 31 - July 9, Playbill (2000 production at Seattle's Empty Space Theatre)
- Text of play, 1895 publication, lists casts for August and December 1867
- Bordman, Gerald. American Theatre: A Chronicle of Comedy and Drama 1914-1930, p. 381 (1995)
- (28 October 1983). Weekender Guide, The New York Times
- A Sparkling Revival of Classic 'Gaslight', Los Angeles Times
- Reviews- Under the Gaslight, metropolitanplayhouse.com, Retrieved 6 December 2017
- (19 December 2009). Metropolitan Playhouse Closes UNDER THE GASLIGHT 12/19, Broadway World
- Gates, Anita (29 November 2009). Exit, Pursued by Swells and Lowlifes, The New York Times
- Koehler, Robert (2 October 1992). 'Under Gaslight' Mocks Innocent Past, Los Angeles Times (reporting in 1992 production by the Pacific Theatre Ensemble, and note that the Cabaret Repertory Theatre in Brea, California mounted it 10 years ago)