United Bahamian Party

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United Bahamian Party
Leader Roland Theodore Symonette
Founded 1956
Dissolved 1971
Merged into Free National Movement
Ideology Conservatism
Economic liberalism
White minority interests

The United Bahamian Party (UBP) was a major political party in the Bahamas in the 1950s and 1960s. Representing the interests of the white oligarchy known as the Bay Street Boys, it was the ruling party between 1958 and 1967.[1] It was led by Roland Theodore Symonette.

History[edit]

The party was established in 1956 to oppose the black-dominated Progressive Liberal Party,[2] which had emerged as the largest party in the 1956 elections with six seats, although 22 MPs had been elected as independents. Despite winning fewer votes than the black-dominated Progressive Liberal Party (PLP), the party won the 1962 general elections,[3] largely as a result of gerrymandering.[1] However, the 1967 elections saw a reversal in fortunes as the UBP received more votes, but won the same number of seats as the PLP. The PLP formed a government with the support of the sole Labour Party MP. Following the election the UBP accused the PLP of gerrymandering.[1]

In early elections the following year, support for the UBP slumped and it won only seven of the 38 seats. In 1971 it merged with the Free Progressive Liberal Party, a breakaway from the ruling party,[1] to form the Free National Movement.

Electoral performance[edit]

Year Votes % Seats
1962 26,500 36.1%
18 / 33
1967 19,408 45.0%
18 / 38
1968 12,371 26.6%
7 / 38

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Dieter Nohlen (2005), Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p. 73. ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ Robert J. Alexander (1982) Political parties of the Americas: Guadeloupe-Virgin Islands of the United States, Greenwoord Press, p772
  3. ^ Nohlen, pp81–82