United States Ambassador to Oman

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Ambassador of the United States to Oman
سفارة الولايات المتحدة الأميركية في سلطنة عمان
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Richard J Schmierer ambassador.jpg
Incumbent
Richard Schmierer

since August 20, 2009
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder William A. Stoltzfus, Jr.
as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Formation July 17, 1974
Website U.S. Embassy - Muscat

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.

Diplomatic presence of the United States of America in Oman started in 1880 when the U.S. set up its consulate in Muscat. The consulate operated in Oman through 1915. U.S. interests in Oman, thereafter, were handled by U.S. diplomats resident in neighboring countries. In 1972, the U.S. ambassador in Kuwait William Stoltzfus was accredited as the first U.S. ambassador to Oman, and the U.S. embassy, headed by a resident chargé d'affaires, was opened on July 4, 1972.[1]

The first resident U.S. ambassador William D. Wolle took up his post in July 1974.[2] U.S. Ambassador Wiley has played important role in development of Oman – United States relations, staging of Iran Hostage Rescue Attempt from Oman and making Oman one of the most reliable allies of the United States.[3]

The United States Embassy in Sultanate of Oman is located in Muscat.[4]

Ambassadors[edit]

  • William A. Stoltzfus, Jr. – Career FSO[1]
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. Resident in Kuwait
    • Appointed: April 17, 1972
    • Terminated mission: Left post, July 16, 1974
  • William D. Wolle – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary.
    • Appointed: July 17, 1974
    • Terminated mission: Left post, April 25, 1978
  • Marshall W. Wiley – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary.
    • Appointed: November 7, 1978
    • Terminated mission: Left post, May 19, 1981
  • John R. Countryman – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary.
    • Appointed: October 14, 1981
    • Terminated mission: Left post, July 29, 1985
  • George Cranwell Montgomery – Political appointee
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary.
    • Appointed: September 11, 1985
    • Terminated mission: Left post, January 18, 1989
  • Richard W. Boehm – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary.
    • Appointed: November 12, 1989
    • Terminated mission: Left post, October 12, 1992
  • David J. Dunford – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary.
    • Appointed: November 1, 1992
    • Terminated mission: Left post, June 21, 1995
  • Frances D. Cook – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary.
    • Appointed: January 2, 1996
    • Terminated mission: Left post, January 10, 1999
  • John B. Craig – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary.
    • Appointed: February 15, 1999
    • Terminated mission: Left post, September 22, 2001
  • Robert W. Dry – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. Ad Interim
    • Appointed: September 2001
    • Terminated mission: Left post, October 2002
  • Richard L. Baltimore III – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary.
    • Appointed: November 5, 2002
    • Terminated mission: Left post, March 5, 2006
  • Gary A. Grappo – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary.
    • Appointed: March 6, 2006
    • Terminated mission: Left post, August 20, 2009
  • Richard J. Schmierer – Career FSO[5]
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 20, 2009
    • Terminated mission: Left post, August, 2012
  • Greta C. Holtz - Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 2012
    • Terminated mission: Incumbent

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Ambassador to Oman. US GOVERNMENT OFFICE". Retrieved 2011-02-08. 
  2. ^ "U.S. State Department. Background Note: Oman". Retrieved 2011-02-08. 
  3. ^ "Marshall W. Wiley, 72, Ex-Ambassador to Oman". The New York Times. 1998-02-02. Retrieved 2011-02-08. 
  4. ^ "Oman. Country Specific Information". Retrieved 2011-02-08. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Embassy in Oman". Retrieved 2011-02-08. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]