United States Ambassador to Turkmenistan

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Ambassador of the United States to Turkmenistan
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Robert E Patterson Jr ambassador.jpg
Incumbent
Robert E. Patterson, Jr.

since April 26, 2011
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder Joseph S. Hulings, III
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Formation August 11, 1992
Website U.S. Embassy - Ashgabat

The following is a list of United States ambassadors to Turkmenistan. Note: The United States recognized Turkmenistan on December 25, 1991, and established diplomatic relations on February 19, 1992. Embassy Ashkabad (now Ashgabat) was established March 17, 1992, with Jeffrey White as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim.

Ambassadors[edit]

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.
  • Joseph S. Hulings, III - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: August 11, 1992
    • Presentation of Credentials: September 25, 1992
    • Termination of Mission: Left post September 5, 1995
  • Michael W. Cotter - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: October 3, 1995
    • Presentation of Credentials: November 7, 1995
    • Termination of Mission: Left post August 27, 1998
  • Steven Robert Mann - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: October 1, 1998
    • Presentation of Credentials: November 10, 1998
    • Termination of Mission: Left post May 28, 2001
  • Laura E. Kennedy - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: September 21, 2001
    • Presentation of Credentials: October 5, 2001
    • Termination of Mission: Left post July 7, 2003
  • Tracey Ann Jacobson - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: July 1, 2003
    • Presentation of Credentials: August 25, 2003
    • Termination of Mission: Left post, April 9, 2007
  • Richard E. Hoagland - Career FSO
    • Title: Chargé d'Affaires ad interim
    • Appointment: 2007
    • Presentation of Credentials: 2007
    • Termination of Mission: 2010
  • Robert E. Patterson, Jr. - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: April 26, 2011
    • Presentation of Credentials: May 16, 2011
    • Termination of Mission: Incumbent

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]