United States Ambassador to Turkmenistan

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Ambassador of the United States to Turkmenistan
US Department of State official seal.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Allan Mustard.jpg
Incumbent
Allan Phillip Mustard

since January 19, 2015
Nominator The President of the United States
Inaugural holder Joseph S. Hulings, III
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Formation August 11, 1992
Website U.S. Embassy - Ashgabat

The following is a list of Ambassadors of the United States to Turkmenistan as well as permanent chargés d'affaires posted from Washington for extended periods of time. This list excludes deputy chiefs of mission designated chargés d'affaires by the incumbent chief of mission during the chief of mission's temporary absence from Turkmenistan or during brief hiatuses between chiefs of mission. Note: The United States recognized Turkmenistan on December 25, 1991, and established diplomatic relations on February 19, 1992. Embassy Ashkhabad (now Ashgabat) was established March 17, 1992, with Jeffrey White as Chargé d'affaires ad interim.

Chiefs of Mission[edit]

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.
Name Title Appointment Presentation
of Credentials
Termination
of Mission
Jeffrey White - Career FSO Chargé d’affaires ad interim March 17, 1992 [1]
Joseph S. Hulings, III - Career FSO Ambassador Extraordinary
and Plenipotentiary
August 11, 1992 September 25, 1992 September 5, 1995
Michael W. Cotter - Career FSO Ambassador Extraordinary
and Plenipotentiary
October 3, 1995 November 7, 1995 August 27, 1998
Steven Robert Mann - Career FSO Ambassador Extraordinary
and Plenipotentiary
October 1, 1998 November 10, 1998 May 28, 2001
Laura E. Kennedy - Career FSO Ambassador Extraordinary
and Plenipotentiary
September 21, 2001 October 5, 2001 July 7, 2003
Tracey Ann Jacobson - Career FSO Ambassador Extraordinary
and Plenipotentiary
July 1, 2003 August 25, 2003 2006
Jennifer Leigh Brush - Career FSO Chargé d’affaires ad interim July 2006 July 2007[1]
Richard E. Hoagland - Career FSO Chargé d'affaires ad interim 2007 2007 2008[2]
Richard Miles - Career FSO Chargé d’affaires ad interim 2008 September 2, 2009
Sylvia Reed Curran - Career FSO Chargé d’affaires ad interim September 2, 2009 July 9, 2010[1]
Eileen Malloy - Career FSO Chargé d’affaires ad interim 2010 April 26, 2011
Robert E. Patterson, Jr. - Career FSO Ambassador Extraordinary
and Plenipotentiary
April 26, 2011 May 16, 2011 June 1, 2014
Laura E. Kennedy - Career FSO Chargé d’affaires ad interim June 4, 2014 September 12, 2014
Allan Phillip Mustard - Career FSO Ambassador Extraordinary
and Plenipotentiary
November 19, 2014 January 19, 2015 Incumbent

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]