United States Ambassador to Turkmenistan
|Ambassador of the United States to Turkmenistan|
Seal of the United States Department of State
|Nominator||The President of the United States|
|Inaugural holder||Joseph S. Hulings, III
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
|Formation||August 11, 1992|
|Website||U.S. Embassy - Ashgabat|
The following is a list of Ambassadors of the United States to Turkmenistan as well as permanent chargés d'affaires posted from Washington for extended periods of time. This list excludes deputy chiefs of mission designated chargés d'affaires by the incumbent chief of mission during the chief of mission's temporary absence from Turkmenistan or during brief hiatuses between chiefs of mission. Note: The United States recognized Turkmenistan on December 25, 1991, and established diplomatic relations on February 19, 1992. Embassy Ashkhabad (now Ashgabat) was established March 17, 1992, with Jeffrey White as Chargé d'affaires ad interim.
Chiefs of Mission
U.S. diplomatic terms
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.
|Jeffrey White - Career FSO||Chargé d’affaires ad interim||March 17, 1992|||
|Joseph S. Hulings, III - Career FSO||Ambassador Extraordinary
|August 11, 1992||September 25, 1992||September 5, 1995|
|Michael W. Cotter - Career FSO||Ambassador Extraordinary
|October 3, 1995||November 7, 1995||August 27, 1998|
|Steven Robert Mann - Career FSO||Ambassador Extraordinary
|October 1, 1998||November 10, 1998||May 28, 2001|
|Laura E. Kennedy - Career FSO||Ambassador Extraordinary
|September 21, 2001||October 5, 2001||July 7, 2003|
|Tracey Ann Jacobson - Career FSO||Ambassador Extraordinary
|July 1, 2003||August 25, 2003||2006|
|Jennifer Leigh Brush - Career FSO||Chargé d’affaires ad interim||July 2006||July 2007|
|Richard E. Hoagland - Career FSO||Chargé d'affaires ad interim||2007||2007||2008|
|Richard Miles - Career FSO||Chargé d’affaires ad interim||2008||September 2, 2009|
|Sylvia Reed Curran - Career FSO||Chargé d’affaires ad interim||September 2, 2009||July 9, 2010|
|Eileen Malloy - Career FSO||Chargé d’affaires ad interim||2010||April 26, 2011|
|Robert E. Patterson, Jr. - Career FSO||Ambassador Extraordinary
|April 26, 2011||May 16, 2011||June 1, 2014|
|Laura E. Kennedy - Career FSO||Chargé d’affaires ad interim||June 4, 2014||September 12, 2014|
|Allan Phillip Mustard - Career FSO||Ambassador Extraordinary
|November 19, 2014||January 19, 2015||Incumbent|
- Turkmenistan – United States relations
- Foreign relations of Turkmenistan
- Ambassadors of the United States
- United States Department of State: Background notes on Turkmenistan
- This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State website http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/index.htm (Background Notes).