Ursula "Uschi" Obermaier (German pronunciation: [ˈʊʃi ˈʔoːbɐˌmaɪɐ] (listen); born 24 September 1946) is a former fashion model and actress associated with the 1968 left-wing movement in Germany. She is considered an iconic sex symbol of the so-called "1968 generation" and the protests of 1968.
Obermaier and Kommune 1
Obermaier was born in Sendling, a suburb of Munich, Germany. She started an apprenticeship as a photo-restorer but gave it up to become a model. She was discovered by the magazine Twen. After a successful photo-shoot with photographer Guido Mangold in Cameroon, she became its top model and internationally famous. She went on to work for other magazines and top photographers such as Helmut Newton.
In Munich, she was briefly a member of the Munich-based experimental commune/band Amon Düül I around 1968/69 and lived in their commune. She met communard Rainer Langhans at a concert at the end of 1968 and she soon moved from Munich to the Berlin-based Kommune 1 after Langhans became her boyfriend. They talked openly to the media about their relationship, becoming symbols of the sexual revolution. They became the German version of John Lennon and Yoko Ono.
Kommune 1 was the first politically motivated commune in Germany, and Obermaier's name is most intimately connected with the 1960s student rebellions in the minds of many Germans. However, she later said that she had no particular interest in politics, and that she moved into Kommune 1 simply to be close to Langhans. Photos of her at political demonstrations and with members of the Kommune appeared in all the popular magazines of the time.
After the end of Kommune 1 in 1969, Langhans and Obermaier moved to the Highfisch-Kommune in Munich.
Life after Kommune 1
Obermaier went on the The Rolling Stones' Tour of the Americas '75 and is said to have had affairs with both Keith Richards and Mick Jagger, as well as with Jimi Hendrix – a visitor to Kommune 1 – with whom she can be seen kissing and cuddling farewell outside the West Berlin hotel Kempinski in the movie Last Experience.
Obermaier and Bockhorn traveled the world in a customized bus, first spending three years in Asia, then going to Mexico and the U.S. for another three years. Obermaier said in an interview in 2006 that reports that she and Bockhorn had a traditional wedding in every country they traveled in were untrue. They married only once, in India. Their relationship ended abruptly after ten years when Dieter Bockhorn died in a motorcycle accident in Mexico on New Year's Eve, 1983.
Obermaier played alongside Iris Berben in Rudolf Thome's Detectives (1969). She was the protagonist of Red Sun (1970). She also played a small role alongside Rainer Langhans in Haytabo, and portrayed Marlene in the film adaptation of the novel Blutrausch.
The authorized biography of Obermaier's life, High Times, was written by Obermaier and Olaf Kraemer. The book reached third place on the best seller list and stayed there for five months.
This biography was adapted into a biographical film, Eight Miles High (original German title: Das wilde Leben). The controversial movie was directed by Achim Bornhak and released in February 2007. The movie was reclassified by distributors from PG 16 to PG 12 and reached number ten at the box office. The aggregate film review website Metacritic awarded it a score of 32 out of 100, based on 10 reviews.
- Uschi Obermaier: Das wilde Leben, Hoffmann und Campe, Hamburg 1994, ISBN 3-455-08603-9, (Autobiography)
- Olaf Kraemer, Uschi Obermaier: High Times – Mein wildes Leben (Autobiography), Heyne Verlag, München 2007, ISBN 978-3-453-13010-4.
- Uschi Obermaier: Expect Nothing! Die Geschichte einer ungezähmten Frau. Riemann Verlag 2013, ISBN 978-3-570-50156-6, (Autobiography, in German)
- Uschi: Groupie, addict, and heroine of the left, The Independent, Friday, 2 February 2007. Accessed 17 August 2011
- Interview for VMagazine Accessed 17 August 2011
- "Even hippies need a toilet door" by Will Hodgkinson, The Guardian, 16 November 2007. Accessed 10 December 2018
- Gerd Rosenacker (27 December 2006). "Ich wollte kein Opfer werden". Galore. Der Spiegel (in German). Archived 27 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Keith Richards: The Biography (2003), by Victor Bockris[page needed]
- The Last Experience at IMDb
- Kurt Ostbahn – Blutrausch
- "Das wilde Leben (2008)", Metacritic
- "Uschi Obermaier", filmportal.de
- From closing text of the film Eight Miles High