User:Anthonyhcole/Autism (trait/symptom)

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Autism, the inclination to withdraw from people and one's surroundings, was first described by Eugen Bleuler in 1911 at the Weimar Psychoanalytic Congress, with Freud and Jung among his audience. He argued for a distinction between two modes of thinking: logical or realistic thinking on the one hand, and what he called 'autistic' thinking on the other (Bleuler, 1951). Today we normally associate the term 'autistic' with the developmental pathology first identified by Leo Kanner (1943). Kanner borrowed Bleuler's terminology because the children that he had observed displayed a withdrawal from other people and from the external world into the self that is similar to the withdrawal that Bleuler associated with the autism of his schizophrenic patients.[1]

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  1. ^ Ripped off, with almost no effort at paraphrasing, from Paul L. Harris (2000). The work of the imagination. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 2. ISBN 9780631218869. Retrieved 12 November 2010.