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Surgical mesh is a loosely woven sheet which is used as either a permanent or temporary support for organs and other tissues during surgery. The meshes are available in both inorganic and biological materials, and are used in a variety of surgeries. Though hernia repair surgery is most common, they can also be used for reconstructive work; such as in pelvic organ prolapse.
Permanent meshes remain in the body, whereas temporary ones dissolve over time; as an example, TIGR Matrix test mesh was fully dissolved after three years in a recent trial on sheep. Some meshes combine permanent and temporary meshes such as Vipro; a brand name for a product combining the re-absorbable material vipryl, made from polyglycolic acid, and prolene, a non-reabsorbable polypropylene.
- "Information on Surgical Mesh for Pelvic Organ Prolapse and Stress Urinary Incontinence". Medical Devices Safety Communications. Food and Drug Administration. 20. Retrieved 2 March 2013. Check date values in:
- H. Hjort; T. Mathisen, A. Alves, G. Clermont, J. P. Boutrand (NaN undefined NaN). "Three-year results from a preclinical implantation study of a long-term resorbable surgical mesh with time-dependent mechanical characteristics". Hernia - The World Journal of Hernia and Abdominal Wall Surgery 16 (2): 191–197. ISSN 1265-4906. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
After 36 months, the test mesh was fully resorbedCheck date values in:
- "Vipro 2 mesh". Ethicon product guide. Ethicon. Retrieved 2 March 2013.