|Langer Eugen ("Tall Eugene")|
|Former names||Neues Abgeordnetenhochhaus (New Representatives Tower)|
|Alternative names||UN-Hochhaus (UN Tower)|
|Town or city||Bonn|
|Current tenants||United Nations|
|Named for||Eugen Gerstenmaier|
|Construction started||August 29, 1966|
|Topped-out||May 10, 2968|
|Completed||February 19, 1969|
|Owner||Institute for Federal Real Estate (Germany)|
|Height||115 metres (377 ft)|
|Design and construction|
Langer Eugen (English: "Tall Eugene") is an office tower in the Gronau district of Bonn, Germany. It was built between 1966 and 1969. Since 2006 it has housed several United Nations organizations. Until the German Bundestag (parliament) moved to Berlin in 1999, the building was the primarly location for the offices of the members of the Bundestag. After renovations, eleven UN organizations moved into the building and it began serving as the center of the UN Campus, Bonn. Langer Eugen is protected as a landmark or listed building under the North Rhine-Westphalia Monument Protection Law. It is currently the second-tallest building in Bonn and the 43rd tallest building in Germany (excluding non-habitable structures radio and observation towers, steeples, and chimneys). When it was built it was briefly the second-tallest building in Germany, behind the Bayer-Hochhaus.
Old Representatives House
The Bundestag, which met in the Bundeshaus in Bonn beginning in 1949, had built a 160-office building connected to the Bundeshaus in 1951 to house the representatives' offices, the "Abgeordnetenhochhaus" (Representatives Tower). Additional office space was rented for the additional representatives. Construction of a new office building was prevented in 1956 by a construction halt, which was enacted on the basis of Bonn's officially "provisional" status as capital of West Germany. The halt was only loosened as the lack of space grew ever more urgent in the early 1960's. At that time, planning for the new Representatives House began.
Construction and Renovations
The area between the Bundeshaus and the Bonn Sports Complex, which was in the process of relocating to Sportpark Nord in the north of Bonn, seemed ideal. In March 1965, Egon Eiermann, one of the most prominent German architects of the period, received the contract for the design and the artistic management. The cornerstone was laid on August 29, 1966; it topped out on May 10, 1968; it was dedicated on February 19, 1969; and the representatives moved in on November 1, 1969. The construction cost 50 million Deutschmarks. With the completion of the building, each representative in the Bundestag had his own office of 17 square meters with additional open plan offices for secretaries.
In 1975, glass doors were installed on all office floors for fire protection and an emergency landing platform was installed on the roof. In 1979, an emergency exit stair tower was added on the Rhine side of the building after plans of Eiermann's student, Georg Pollich.
The building's name, "Langer Eugen" ("Tall Eugene") is an ironic reference to the short stature of Eugen Gerstenmaier (the implied "Short Eugene"), who was President of the Bundestag when the tower was built, and was the driving force behind its construction.
Post-Bundestag Era - UN Campus
After the Bundestag moved back to the Reichstag building in Berlin in the summer of 1999, Langer Eugen was next used by the Federal Institute for Vocational Education (Bundesinstitut für Berufsbildung) and various other national and international educational institutions. On May 28, 2003, the federal government decided to turn the building over the the United Nations for permanent use. The required renovations were handled by the North Rhine-Westphalia state construction company and cost an estimated €54 million. The renovations made few substantial alterations in order to preserve Eiermann's architecture as much as possible. On March 31, 2006, ownership of the property was transferred to the the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety.
With the exception of the largest office, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change secretariat, all the Bonn-based UN offices were moved into the building in April 2006 (though part of the growing Climate Secretariat moved into the building in July 2010). At the beginning of May, three large, lighted UN-emblems were added to the roof, though for technical reasons, one could not be placed on the Rhine-facing side. Also as part of the security preparations for UN occupancy, a 700 meter fence was buit encircling the UN campus and an adjacent road was closed to traffic. On July 11, 2006, then Secretary-General dedicated the UN Campus. After the renovations, there is room for approximately 675 employees in the building, though some floors remain empty for future UN institutions to occupy. With the occupancy of the UN, the area became an extraterritorial jurisdiction, similar to an embassy or consulate.
Architecture and Design
According the the specifications, the building is 115 meters high, distributed over 31 stories, with an additional three basement levels. At the time of its use by the Bundestag, floors 3-17 each accommodated 30 offices for the 446 representatives. Floors 19-28 housed the various committee offices as well as conference rooms. Technical facilities were located on floors 18 and 30. The 29th and top usable floor, housed a restaurant. Since the renovations, the building now contains 410 offices, 40 conference rooms, and a library.
The frame of the building is made entirely of steel. This is highly unusual in central European construction where most buildings use concrete frames. Therefore, even though it is only the 43rd tallest building in Germany, it is actually the tallest building in Germany with a steel frame.
The building is protected as a landmark by the North Rhine-Westphalian government. The building received this status very early, less than 30 years after its construction. Preservationists justified their decision, stating that the building, with its eschewal of hierarchical elements in the facade design, was a "vivid example for the understanding of democratic construction in the young West Germany."