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Armenian Genocide
The Armenian Genocide was the Ottoman government's systematic extermination of 1.5 million Armenians, most of whom were Ottoman citizens. It took place during and after World War I. Historians date the start to 24 April 1915, when the Ottoman authorities rounded up, arrested, and deported 235 to 270 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders from Constantinople (now Istanbul) to the region of Ankara. The majority of them were eventually murdered. The authorities carried out the genocide in two phases—the wholesale killing of the able-bodied male population through massacre and subjection of army conscripts to forced labour, followed by the deportation of women, children, the elderly, and the infirm on death marches leading to the Syrian Desert. Driven forward by military escorts, the deportees were deprived of food and water and subjected to periodic robbery, rape, and massacre.

This map shows the routes by which the government deported Armenians, and the largest massacre sites.Map: Sémhur