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Epistemic interdependence is a concept in organization theory, a branch of management literature. The concept was introduced because logical analysis shows that neither task interdependence (Task A and Task B or somehow connected) nor agent interdependence (Person A and Person B are somehow dependent on one another if they want to achieve something) require any sort of information processing, as had been argued in the earlier literature. Rather, information processing is only required when epistemic interdependence exists, meaning that two agents A and B, in order to carry out their individual tasks optimally, need to be able to predict what the other will do. This ability to predict what the other person can do, termed predictive knowledge, can be built through information processing: communication between the agents, mutual observation (for example, through co-location), learning, or (joint) decision making by the agents.
- Puranam et al. 2011 (forthcoming), Academy of Management Review