Vøringfossen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Vøringsfossen
Voringsfossen waterfall at Eidfjord, Norway.jpg
Vøringsfossen, view from the top of Måbødalen.
Vøringfossen is located in Vestland
Vøringfossen
Vøringfossen is located in Norway
Vøringfossen
LocationVestland, Norway
Coordinates60°25′34″N 7°15′03″E / 60.426007°N 7.250926°E / 60.426007; 7.250926Coordinates: 60°25′34″N 7°15′03″E / 60.426007°N 7.250926°E / 60.426007; 7.250926
TypeTiered Plunges
Total height182 metres (597 ft)
Number of drops5
Longest drop163 metres (535 ft)
Average width23 metres (75 ft)
Run122 metres (400 ft)
WatercourseBjoreio
Average
flow rate
12 cubic metres per second (420 cu ft/s)

Vøringsfossen (English: Vøring Falls)[1][2][3] is the 83rd highest waterfall in Norway on the basis of total fall. It lies at the top of the Måbødalen valley in the municipality of Eidfjord, in Vestland county. It is located near Norwegian National Road 7,[4] which connects Oslo with Bergen. It has a total drop of 182 metres (597 ft),[5] and a major drop of 163 metres (535 ft). It is perhaps the most famous in the country and a major tourist attraction on the way down from Hardangervidda to Hardangerfjord.[6][7]

There are several warning signs in regard to the dangers of falling to one's death.[8] Other measures for preventing deaths were planned for implementation in the spring of 2015,[8] and a stairway bridge opened in 2020.[9]

Name[edit]

The name Vøringsfossen (Old Norse: Vyrðingr) is derived from the verb vyrða (English: esteem, revere). The last element fossen, the definite form of foss (waterfall), is a later addition.

History[edit]

The waterfall was hardly known by anyone other than locals until 1821. In that year professor Christopher Hansteen, who was on his way to the Hardangervidda plateau to make astronomical observations, estimated the height of the waterfall to be about 280 metres (920 ft) by throwing stones down from the edge and measuring the time they took to fall with his pocket watch. In 1893 it was measured with a string, and the real height was revealed to be 163 metres (535 ft).

In 1880 Ola Garen decided to build a hotel at top of the waterfall. The only way up there was a path with 1,500 stairs up Måbøbjerget together with a bridle path that had been built in 1872 to carry English tourists to the waterfall. In 1891 a new road with tunnels was built along Eidfjordvandet, and in the same year the Fossli Hotel was finished,[10] designed in Art Nouveau style by architect Frederik Konow Lund. All materials for the construction had to be carried on horseback from Eidfjord up to the top of the hill.[10] Around the year 1900 large cruise ships began to visit Eidfjord, and from there passengers were transported by horse and wagon up the valley.

The composer Edvard Grieg had a log cabin nearby and was a frequent visitor to the falls.[6]

A video of Voringsfossen showing the volume of waterfall in summer

Hydroelectric[edit]

The Bjoreio, the small river that flows into Vøringsfossen has a hydroelectric dam in the Sysendalen valley above the falls. The water volume in the river is regulated in connection with power development, but there are requirements for minimum water flow of 12 m3/s (420 cu ft/s) above its natural rate in the summer, not enough to benefit the tourist trade.[clarify][citation needed]

Pedestrian bridge[edit]

A pedestrian bridge has been placed across the ravine in sections by helicopter. One side is sixteen metres higher than the other, and its length is 47 metres.[11] The design is by Carl-Viggo Holmebakk. An article in Dagsavisen described it as a bridge reminiscent of "a collapsed scaffold for construction, across" the ravine.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Four Exciting Tours". Fort Lauterdale News. April 15, 1973. p. 177. Retrieved March 21, 2018 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  2. ^ Scandinavia '97: The Complete Guide to Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. New York: Fodor's. 1996. p. 356.
  3. ^ Taylor, Benedict (2017). Towards a Harmonic Grammar of Grieg's Late Piano Music: Nature and Nationalism. London: Routledge. p. 12.
  4. ^ Visit Norway. "Vøringsfossen Waterfall". Visit Norway.com. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
  5. ^ Roos, Constance (1997). Walking in Norway. Cicerone Press Limited. p. 46. ISBN 185-284-230-X.
  6. ^ a b Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. United States of America: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. p. 407. ISBN 0-89577-087-3.
  7. ^ "Vøringfossen". World Waterfall Database. Accessed on 2020-02-22.
  8. ^ a b Sikringsarbeidet starter først til neste år
  9. ^ "Spektakulær gangbru over Vøringsfossen klar for åpning". Veier24.no (in Norwegian). 20 August 2020.
  10. ^ a b Destinosjon Eidfjord. "Fossli Hotel". Hardangerfjord.com. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
  11. ^ Oliver Moody (29 September 2020). "Voringsfossen bridge is blot on Norwegian landscape". The Times. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  12. ^ Egoistiske eventyrere [Selfish adventurers]. 20 October 2020

External links[edit]