Location within La Matapédia RCM.
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||December 20, 1986|
|• Mayor||Donald Malenfant|
|• Federal riding||Haute-Gaspésie—La |
|• Prov. riding||Matane-Matapédia|
|• Total||90.90 km2 (35.10 sq mi)|
|• Land||77.60 km2 (29.96 sq mi)|
|• Density||12.3/km2 (32/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2006-2011||4.8%|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Postal code(s)||G0J 3L0|
|Area code(s)||418 and 581|
The place was previously known by many other names: Lac-Matapédia; Brochu or Brouché, followed by Lac-à-Brochu until 1871 (after Pierre Brochu (1795-1871), the first settler in the valley in what is now Sayabec); McGowe (after an engineer working on the railroad); Cedar Hall from 1876 to 1912 (referring to the large hanger built from pieces of cedar that served as a coal shed for the railway); and Saint-Pierre-du-Lac (in honour of Pierre Brillant (1852-1911), missionary in the Matapedia Valley from 1881 to 1889 and parish priest from 1889 to his death).
Originally Mi'kmaq territory, the area was granted as a seignory by Louis de Buade de Frontenac to Charles-Nicolas-Joseph D’Amours in 1694. D'Amours died in 1728 and none of his descendants claimed the rights to the seignory. So it remained a remote and undeveloped land until the 19th century. In 1830 construction began on the Kempt Road, a strategic military road between Quebec and the Maritimes, completed in 1833. An inn serving postilions and travellers along the road operated there from 1867 to 1876.
European settlement began in 1872 during the construction of the Intercolonial Railway. Supervisor Engineer Peter Grant built for himself a house that also accommodated the railway employees for many years. In 1876, the railway was completed and on July 1 the first train passed through. In 1881, the post office opened, and two years later, the Mission of Saint-Pierre-du-Lac was established, named in honour of Pierre Brillant. In 1890, the Parish Municipality of Saint-Pierre-du-Lac was founded. By 1898, it had a population of 1600 people.
In 1915, the main population centre separated from the parish municipality and was incorporated as the Village Municipality of Saint-Pierre-du-Lac, but renamed one year later to Val-Brillant.
In 1986, the Village Municipality of Val-Brillant and the Parish Municipality of Saint-Pierre-du-Lac were rejoined in the current Municipality of Val-Brillant.
- Mayor: Donald Malenfant
- Councillors: Serge Malenfant, Gérald Ouellet, Roch Couture, Yves Bilodeau, Jacques Gaulin, Geneviève Leblanc
|Canada census – Val-Brillant, Quebec community profile|
|Population:||955 (-4.8% from 2006)||1,003 (+0.6% from 2001)|
|Land area:||77.60 km2 (29.96 sq mi)||77.60 km2 (29.96 sq mi)|
|Population density:||12.3/km2 (32/sq mi)||12.9/km2 (33/sq mi)|
|Median age:||48.7 (M: 47.2, F: 49.8)||45.6 (M: 43.8, F: 46.9)|
|Total private dwellings:||501||493|
|Median household income:||$54,478||$43,730|
|Notes: Population in 1996: 1,040 (+1.6% from 1991) - Population in 1991: 1,024 – References: 2011 2006 earlier|
- "Val-Brillant (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
- "Val-Brillant". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
- "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-29.
- "Historique" (in French). Municipalité de Val-Brillant. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
- "Electronic Area Profiles". Canada 1996 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2013-05-12.
- "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
- "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
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