Val-de-Charmey

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Val-de-Charmey
Charmey village
Charmey village
Coat of arms of Val-de-Charmey
Coat of arms
Location of Val-de-Charmey
Val-de-Charmey is located in Switzerland
Val-de-Charmey
Val-de-Charmey
Val-de-Charmey is located in Canton of Fribourg
Val-de-Charmey
Val-de-Charmey
Coordinates: 46°37′N 7°10′E / 46.617°N 7.167°E / 46.617; 7.167Coordinates: 46°37′N 7°10′E / 46.617°N 7.167°E / 46.617; 7.167
CountrySwitzerland
CantonFribourg
DistrictGruyère
Government
 • MayorSyndic
Area
 • Total112.07 km2 (43.27 sq mi)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total2,483
 • Density22/km2 (57/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
1637, 1654
SFOS number2163
Surrounded byBas-Intyamon, Botterens, Broc, Châtel-sur-Montsalvens, Corbières, Château-d’Oex (VD), Crésuz, Grandvillard, Gruyères, Hauteville, Jaun, La Roche, Plaffeien, Plasselb, Rougemont (VD), Saanen (BE)
Twin townsOrphin (France)
Websitewww.val-de-charmey.ch
SFSO statistics

Val-de-Charmey (French pronunciation: ​[val dœ ʃaʁˈmɛ]) is a municipality in the district of Gruyère in the canton of Fribourg in Switzerland. On 1 January 2014 the former municipalities of Cerniat and Charmey merged into the municipality of Val-de-Charmey.[3]

History[edit]

Cerniat is first mentioned in 1288 as Sernia.[4] Charmey is first mentioned in 1211 as Chalmeis. Until 1760 it was known as Feiguières. The municipality is also informally known by its German name Galmis.[5]

Geography[edit]

After the 2014 merger Val-de-Charmey had an area of 112.07 km2 (43.27 sq mi).[6] Of this area, about 43.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 41.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and 12.2% is unproductive land. In the 2013/18 survey a total of 133 ha (330 acres) or about 1.2% of the total area was covered with buildings, an increase of 53 ha (130 acres) over the 1980/81 amount. Over the same time period, the amount of recreational space in the municipality increased by 2 ha (4.9 acres) and is now about 0.04% of the total area. Of the agricultural land, 3 ha (7.4 acres) is used for orchards and vineyards, 648 ha (1,600 acres) is fields and grasslands and 4,644 ha (11,480 acres) consists of alpine grazing areas. Since 1980/81 the amount of agricultural land has decreased by 286 ha (710 acres). Over the same time period the amount of forested land has increased by 308 ha (760 acres).

Rivers and lakes cover 110 ha (270 acres) in the municipality.[7][8]

Demographics[edit]

Val-de-Charmey has a population (as of December 2019) of 2,538.[9] As of 2016, 16.8% of the population are resident foreign nationals. In 2015 a small minority (136 or 5.6% of the population) was born in France.[10] Over the last 6 years (2010-2016) the population has changed at a rate of 11.65%. The birth rate in the municipality, in 2016, was 7.4, while the death rate was 16.9 per thousand residents.[8]

As of 2016, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 18.8% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) are 57.5% of the population and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 23.7%.[8] In 2015 there were 948 single residents, 1,102 people who were married or in a civil partnership, 160 widows or widowers and 206 divorced residents.[11]

In 2016 there were 1,087 private households in Val-de-Charmey with an average household size of 2.19 persons. In 2015 about 61.6% of all buildings in the municipality were single family homes, which is about the same as the percentage in the canton (61.6%) and about the same as the percentage nationally (57.4%).[12] In 2015 the rate of construction of new housing units per 1000 residents was 3.31. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2017, was 0.36%.[8]

Historic population[edit]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[13]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Chartreuse De La Valsainte, the alpine chalet at Le Lapé 320 and the alpine chalet at Pra de La Monse 249 are listed as Swiss heritage site of national significance.[14]

Economy[edit]

Val-de-Charmey is classed as a mixed agro-industrial community, a municipality where agriculture and manufacturing play a significant role in the economy.[15]

As of  2016, there were a total of 1,095 people employed in the municipality. Of these, a total of 135 people worked in 39 businesses in the primary economic sector. The secondary sector employed 328 workers in 48 separate businesses. Finally, the tertiary sector provided 632 jobs in 128 businesses, of which 205 people worked in large business(es) (50-249 employees).[16] In 2016 a total of 3.3% of the population received social assistance.[8]

In 2015 the average cantonal, municipal and church tax rate in the municipality for a couple with two children making CHF 80,000 was 4.8% while the rate for a single person making CHF 150,000 was 19.5%, both of which are close to the average for the canton. The canton has an average tax rate for those making CHF 80,000 and a slightly higher than average rate for those making CHF 150,000.[17]

Politics[edit]

In the 2015 federal election the most popular party was the CVP with 31.1% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (25.1%), the FDP (21.4%) and the SP (15.4%). In the federal election, a total of 865 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 52.3%.[18]

Crime[edit]

In 2014 the crime rate, of the over 200 crimes listed in the Swiss Criminal Code (running from murder, robbery and assault to accepting bribes and election fraud), in Val-de-Charmey was 46.7 per thousand residents. This rate is about 72.3% of the average rate in the entire country. During the same period, the rate of drug crimes was 3.8 per thousand residents which is only 39.6% of the rate in the canton and 38.4% of the national rate. The rate of violations of immigration, visa and work permit laws was 5.1 per thousand residents.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz Archived 13 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 13 December 2014
  4. ^ Cerniat in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ Charmey in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  6. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  7. ^ "Arealstatistik Land Use - Gemeinden nach 10 Klassen". www.landuse-stat.admin.ch. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 24 November 2016. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e Regionalporträts 2018: Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 17 September 2018
  9. ^ "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit". bfs.admin.ch (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB. 31 December 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  10. ^ Federal Statistical Office - Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (Land) accessed 31 October 2016
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geschlecht, Zivilstand und Geburtsort (in German) accessed 8 September 2016
  12. ^ Statistical Atlas of Switzerland - Anteil Einfamilienhäuser am gesamten Gebäudebestand, 2015 accessed 18 May 2017
  13. ^ Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived 17 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 29 January 2011
  14. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
  15. ^ "Die Raumgliederungen der Schweiz 2016" (in German, French, Italian, and English). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 17 February 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  16. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office -Arbeitsstätten und Beschäftigte nach Gemeinde, Wirtschaftssektor und Grössenklasse accessed 26 June 2019
  17. ^ "18 - Öffentliche Finanzen > Steuern". Swiss Atlas. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  18. ^ "Nationalratswahlen 2015: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung nach Gemeinden" [National council elections 2015: strength of the parties and voter turnout by municipality] (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  19. ^ Statistical Atlas of Switzerland accessed 5 April 2016