Varlam Aleksandrovich Avanesov (Russian: Варлаам Александрович Аванесов; born Suren Karpovich Martirosyan, Russian: Сурен Карпович Мартиросян; 1884 – March 16, 1930) was an Armenian Bolshevik and Soviet communist politician.
He joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1903. Initially he sided with the Mensheviks, moving to Bolshevik faction in 1914. From 1907 to 1913 he lived in Switzerland, studying at the University of Zurich. He was secretary of the RSDLP group in Davos.
In 1917 he became a member of the Presidium of the All-Russia C.E.C.; in 1920–1924, Deputy People's Commissar of the Workers' and Peasants' Inspection, member of the Collegium of the Cheka, and later Deputy People's Commissar for Foreign Trade.
- "Стенды по тематике 'Разведка и контрразведка. Армянский след' музея истории органов безопасности Армении" ("Displays on the Theme 'Intelligence and Counterintelligence: the Armenian Trail' of the Museum of the Security Service Bodies of Armenia".) National Security Service of the Republic of Armenia. Retrieved 28 February 2009 from the Internet Archive. https://web.archive.org/web/20071006051339/http://www.sns.am/content/view/2/13/lang,ru/ (in Russian)
- Lenin: 285. TO V. A. AVANESOV
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