Via Giuseppe Garibaldi (Genoa)
Strada Maggiore o Strada Nuova
|Alternative name||Via Aurea, Via Garibaldi|
|Coordinates||Coordinates: 44°24′40″N 8°55′58″E / 44.41111°N 8.93278°E|
|Official name||Palazzi dei Rolli and Strade Nuove del Centro Storico|
Via Giuseppe Garibaldi is a street in the historical centre of Genoa, in Northwestern Italy, well known for its ancient palaces. It is one of the Strade Nuove (Italian for "new streets") built by the Genoese aristocracy during the Renaissance. Since July 2006 it is inscribed in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site Genoa: the Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli.
The street, sanctioned in 1550, was built in 1558–1583. Originally named Strada Maggiore or Strada Nuova, in 1882 it was dedicated to Giuseppe Garibaldi. The street is 250 metres long and 7.5 metres wide.
Between the first half of the 16th century and the first half of the 17th century, the nobility of the Republic of Genoa started a careful town planning to transform the existing medieval city and initiate a sizeable urban expansion to the North. The move to expand the antique palaces and to build new sumptuous ones was driven by the extraordinary wealth that came into the city through prosperous financing activities towards several European powers. In particular, the Genoese aristocracy financed the expensive undertakings of the Spanish Crown, such as the mercenary army that Spain kept in Flanders from 1566 to the peace of Westphalia in 1648. The ruling class of Genoa, mixing nobility of blood with new mercantile wealth, sought to underpin their prestige by the construction of grand city palaces and suburban villas of unusual splendor.
Palaces listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site
|No. on the UNESCO list||Original Owner||Location||Current name of the Palace||Photo|
|8||Agostino Pallavicini||Via Giuseppe Garibaldi, 1, Genoa||Palazzo Cambiaso Pallavicini|
|9||Pantaleo Spinola||Via Giuseppe Garibaldi, 2, Genoa||Palazzo Spinola Gambaro|
|10||Franco Lercari||Via Giuseppe Garibaldi, 3, Genoa||Palazzo Lercari-Parodi|
|11||Tobia Pallavicini||Via Giuseppe Garibaldi, 4, Genoa||Palazzo Carrega-Cataldi|
|12||Angelo Giovanni Spinola||Via Giuseppe Garibaldi, 5, Genoa||Palazzo Angelo Giovanni Spinola|
|13||Andrea and Gio. Battista Spinola||Via Giuseppe Garibaldi, 6, Genoa||Palazzo Doria (Genoa)|
|14||Nicolosio Lomellino||Via Giuseppe Garibaldi, 7, Genoa||Palazzo Nicolosio Lomellino|
|15||Lazzaro and Giacomo Spinola||Via Giuseppe Garibaldi, 8-10, Genoa||Palazzo Cattaneo-Adorno|
|16||Nicolò Grimaldi||Via Giuseppe Garibaldi, 9, Genoa||Palazzo Doria Tursi (City Hall)|
|17||Baldassarre Lomellini||via Giuseppe Garibaldi, 12, Genoa||Palazzo Campanella o di Baldassarre Lomellini|
|18||Luca Grimaldi||Via Giuseppe Garibaldi, 11, Genoa||Palazzo Bianco|
|19||Rodolfo and Francesco Brignole Sale||via Giuseppe Garibaldi, 18, Genoa||Palazzo Rosso (Genoa)|
Charles Dickens gave a suggestive description of Strada Nuova in his travelogue Pictures from Italy.
...When shall I forget the Streets of Palaces: the Strada Nuova and the Strada Balbi! or how the former looked one summer day, when I first saw it underneath the brightest and most intensely blue of summer skies: which its narrow perspective of immense mansions, reduced to a tapering and most precious strip of brightness, looking down upon the heavy shade below! The endless details of these rich Palaces: the walls of some of them, within, alive with masterpieces by Vandyke! The great, heavy, stone balconies, one above another, and tier over tier: with here and there, one larger than the rest, towering high up—a huge marble platform; the doorless vestibules, massively barred lower windows, immense public staircases, thick marble pillars, strong dungeon-like arches, and dreary, dreaming, echoing vaulted chambers: among which the eye wanders again, and again, and again, as every palace is succeeded by another- the terrace gardens between house and house, with green arches of the vine, and groves of orange-trees, and blushing oleander in full bloom, twenty, thirty, forty feet above the street—the painted halls, mouldering, and blotting, and rotting in the damp corners, and still shining out in beautiful colours and voluptuous designs...
- Genoa: The Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli
- Via Balbi
- Via Cairoli (Genoa)
- Republic of Genoa
- ^ (in Italian) Genova: le Strade Nuove e il Sistema dei Palazzi dei Rolli – World Heritage Site Archived 25 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ Le Strade Nuove. Genova: SAGEP Editrice. 1986. p. 5.
- ^ Charles Dickens – Complete works of Charles Dickens, Biography, Quotes
- Fiorella Caraceni (1992), Una strada rinascimentale: via Garibaldi a Genova, Genova, SAGEP
- Giorgio Doria (1995), Nobiltà e investimenti a Genova in Età moderna, Genova
- Gioconda Pomella (2007), Guida Completa ai Palazzi dei Rolli Genova, Genova, De Ferrari Editore(ISBN 9788871728155)
- Mauro Quercioli (2008), I Palazzi dei Rolli di Genova, Roma, Libreria dello Stato (ISBN 9788824011433)
- Fiorella Caraceni Poleggi (2001), Palazzi Antichi e Moderni di Genova raccolti e disegnati da Pietro Paolo Rubens (1652), Genova, Tormena Editore (ISBN 9788884801302)
- Mario Labò (2003), I palazzi di Genova di P.P. Rubens, Genova, Nuova Editrice Genovese
- Strada Nuova.it (in English)