Viburnum nudum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Viburnum nudum
Viburnum nudum 10zz.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Adoxaceae
Genus: Viburnum
Species: V. nudum
Binomial name
Viburnum nudum

Viburnum nudum is a plant in the genus Viburnum within the muskroot family, Adoxaceae. (It was formerly part of Caprifoliaceae, the honeysuckle family).[1]

One variety of the species is Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides; synonyms for this variety Viburnum nitidum Aiton, Viburnum cassinoides, Viburnum cassinoides var. harbisonii, Viburnum cassinoides var. nitidum, and Viburnum nitidum.[2][1]

Common names for the plant include withe-rod, witherod viburnum, possumhaw, and wild raisin.[1]

Description[edit]

Viburnum nudum is a shrub with opposite, simple leaves, on slender stems. The flowers are white, borne in late spring.

Range[edit]

It is native to North America from southern Ontario and Quebec to Newfoundland, south to Florida, and west to Wisconsin.[2]

Conservation status in the United States[edit]

It is listed as endangered in Kentucky and Pennsylvania[3] and as special concern species and believed extirpated in Connecticut.[4]

Native American ethnobotany[edit]

Cuisine[edit]

The Abenaki use the fruit[5]:152 and the grains of var. cassinoides [5]:173 for food. The Algonquin people eat the berries of var. cassinoides.[6]

Medicinal use[edit]

The Cherokee use var. cassinoides for several uses. They take an infusion of it to prevent recurrent spasms, use the root bark as a diaphoretic and a tonic, and take a compound infusion of it for fever, smallpox and ague. They also use an infusion of the bark as a wash for a sore tongue.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.
  2. ^ a b NRCS PLANTS Database
  3. ^ "Plants Profile for Viburnum nudum (possumhaw)". plants.usda.gov. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Connecticut's Endangered, Threatened and Special Concern Species 2015". State of Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Bureau of Natural Resources. Retrieved December 23, 2017. (Note: This list is newer than the one used by plants.usda.gov and is more up-to-date.)
  5. ^ a b Rousseau, Jacques (1947). Ethnobotanique Abenakise, Archives de Folklore 11:145-182.
  6. ^ Black, Meredith Jean (1980). Algonquin Ethnobotany: An Interpretation of Aboriginal Adaptation in South Western Quebec, Ottawa. National Museums of Canada. Mercury Series Number 65, page 107.
  7. ^ Hamel, Paul B. and Mary U. Chiltoskey, 1975, Cherokee Plants and Their Uses -- A 400 Year History, Sylva, N.C. Herald Publishing Co., page 62
  8. ^ Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. (1913). An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3:273.