Victoria Codona Adolph

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Victoria Codona Adolph (1891–1983) was a fourth generation circus performer from the Codonas family.[1] Agents of the Barnum & Bailey Circus came to Mexico in 1909 to recruit her and her younger brothers, Alfredo Codona[2] and Abelardo Codona to perform with them.[3] She worked for Barnum & Bailey until 1918 and also performed in Australia with the Brothers Circus. She was known as Princess Victoria and was a wire-walker.[4] She retired from performing when she was pregnant with her first child with William K. Adolph, a race car driver, and they retired to Palm Springs where she died in 1983 at the age of 92.[5] In 2014, the U.S. Postal Service created a stamp of her as part of an eight stamp collection paying tribute to circus legends of the past.[4]


  1. ^ Smothers, Ronald. "VICTORIA CODONA ADOLPH DIES; FORMER STAR IN CIRCUS WAS 92". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  2. ^ "Portrait of Victoria and Alfred Codona". Texas History. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  3. ^ Jensen, Dean N. Queen of the Air: A True Story of Love and Tragedy at the Circus. Crown/Archetype.
  4. ^ a b Manna, Marcia. "The big top is back, with stamps!". The San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  5. ^ "Grave Spotlight". Cemetery Guide. Retrieved 14 February 2018.