Victorian Trades Hall
Victorian Trades Hall is the home of the Victorian Trades Hall Council. It is located on the corner of Lygon Street and Victoria Street, just north of the Melbourne central business district, in the suburb of Carlton, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. It is the world's oldest trade union building.
In 1856 the Melbourne Trades Hall Committee was formed and received a grant of land to build the Melbourne Trades Hall. The original Trades Hall was opened in May 1859, built by workers as an organising place for the labour movement in Melbourne. The workers financed the construction of the building themselves. It was built in the style of the parliament buildings which were just down the road, and over the years has been further developed. The Hall underwent an upgrade from 1874 to 1925 at the hands of architectural firm Reed & Barnes. With increasing activity during the 1880s in the Australian labour movement, the committee became a Council to reflect its expanding role, though the full title, Victorian Trades Hall Council was only formally adopted in 1968. The building remains one of the most historically important sites in Melbourne today, being classified by the National Trust and included in the Register of Historic Buildings (Victoria).
The Trades Hall is located across the road from the eight-hour day monument which was erected to honour the Victorian workers who won the first 8-hour working day in the world in 1856. It is the birthplace of organisations like the Victorian Labor Party and the Australian Council of Trade Unions. Four flags fly from the roof of the building: the Australian Flag, the Eureka Flag, the Australian Aboriginal flag, and the red flag.
Trades Hall is home to a number of Victorian trade unions, community organisations and left-wing political parties. It also serves as the headquarters of the National Union of Students. The Hall is primarily used by Victorian labour organisations as a space for organising and coordinating campaigns. The Hall also hosts occupational health and safety training for workers. The various rooms of the Hall can also be hired out for functions, meetings or conferences and it is often used for theatrical productions and to display artwork. The Hall has a bar which is patronised by trade union members and political activists and a bookshop which sells political texts.
In recent times, as well as being the centre for union activity, the Trades Hall Council has opened the Trades Hall building to many cultural events, plays, and concerts including the Melbourne Comedy Festival–concentrating on political and 'on the edge' performances.
- A Documentary History of the Australian Labor Movement 1850-1975, Brian McKinley, (1979) ISBN 0-909081-29-8
-  National Trust of Australia - Victoria. Accessed 30 April 2007
- Did you hear the one about the comedian who broke even? The Age 8 April 2007. Accessed 30 April 2007
- Melbourne Trades Hall Memories Marcella Pearce (1997) Victorian Trades Hall Council ISBN 0-9588846-6-8
- Victorian Trades Hall Council
- Trades Hall & Literary Institute
- New International Bookshop
- 8 Hour Day: The battle for civilised working hours