Viktor Külföldi

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Viktor Külföldi
Born Jakab Mayer-Rubcsics
Thalheim, Germany
Died March 5, 1894(1894-03-05) (aged 49–50)
Budapest, Hungary
Pen name Viktor Külföldi
Occupation Journalist, lecturer
Language Hungarian
Nationality Hungarian
Subject Social democracy

Viktor Külföldi, real name Jakab Mayer-Rubcsics, born Jacob Mayer (Hungarian: Mayer-Rubcsics Jakab, "Külföldi Viktor") (1844 – March 5, 1894) was a Hungarian Socialist, journalist, and lecturer.

Born in Thalheim, Germany[1] (or Switzerland?[2]), he was known in his adopted country by the alias "Külföldi" (Hungarian for "foreigner").[1] In 1871 he became a member of the International Working Men's Association.[1] Together with Karóly Farkas[hu] (1842–1907) and Antal Ihrlinger[hu], he co-founded of the first Hungarian Socialist organization, the General Working Men's Union[hu] (Hungarian: az Általános Munkásegylet).[3] For organizing a strike by the GWMU, he, among others, was arrested (1871–2) and accused of high treason; he was eventually acquitted because of lack of evidence.[1][3]

In 1877 Külföldi founded the Social-democratic newspaper Népszava ("People's Voice"). He retired from the worker's movement in 1890 and died in Budapest in 1894.[1]



  1. ^ a b c d e "Külföldi Viktor" (in Hungarian). Magyar Életrajzi Lexicon 1000 – 1990 ("Hungarian Electronic Encyclopedia 1000 –1990"). Retrieved December 15, 2009. 
  2. ^ "Külföldi, Viktor; früher Jacob Mayer, bis 1865 Rubcsics (1844-1894), Politiker und Publizist" [Külföldi, Viktor; formerly Jacob Mayer, to 1865 Rubcsics (1844–1894), politician and publicist] (XML). Austrian biographical dictionary: 1815-1950 (in German). 4. Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences. 1954. p. 325. Retrieved 2016-08-24. 
  3. ^ a b Karl Marx (September 2 –7, 1872). "Report of the General Council, 5th IWMA Congress". The Hague, The Netherlands: Retrieved December 15, 2009.  Check date values in: |date= (help)