Sheean's most famous work was Personal History (New York: Doubleday, 1935). It won one of the inaugural National Book Awards: the Most Distinguished Biography of 1935.[a] Film producer Walter Wanger acquired the political memoir and made it the basis for his 1940 film production Foreign Correspondent, directed by Alfred Hitchcock.
Sheean wrote the narration for the feature-length documentary Crisis (1939) directed by Alexander Hammid and Herbert Kline. He translated Ève Curie's biography of her mother, Madame Curie (1939), into English. Sheean wrote Oscar Hammerstein I: Life and Exploits of an Impresario (1955) as well as a controversial biography of Dorothy Thompson and Sinclair Lewis, Dorothy and Red (1963).
- New Persia (1927) - Iran
- Anatomy of Virtue - (1927) - Psychological romance novel of an American girl who marries an English nobleman.
- American Among the Riffi (1926)
- Gog and Magog
- The Tide (1933) - "If a Messiah Came to Your Town Today, What Would You Think? What Would You Do?".
- Personal History: Youth and Revolution: the Story of One Person's Relationship to Living History (1935)
- Sanfelice (1936) - Historical novel set in Naples
- The Pieces of a Fan (1937)
- A Day of Battle (1938) - Historical novel based on the French victory at Fontenoy in Flanders on May 11, 1745
- Not Peace but a Sword (1939) - Europe. Personal account of events in Prague, Madrid, London, Paris and Berlin during the 12 fateful months between March 1938 and March 1939.
- Lead, Kindly Light: Gandhi & the Way to Peace, Random House (1949). Can Gandhi's non-violent approach lead the world away from violence as the way to settle disputes?
- Between the Thunder and the Sun (1943) Account of being in England during the Battle of Britain.
- Biography was separately recognized in 1935 and 1936, then subsumed in general Nonfiction.
- Vincent Sheean Dies; Author, Traveler (The Washington Post pay per view)
- "Books and Authors", The New York Times, 1936-04-12, page BR12. ProQuest Historical Newspapers The New York Times (1851-2007).
- "Lewis is Scornful of Radio Culture: ...", The New York Times, 1936-05-12, page 25. ProQuest Historical Newspapers The New York Times (1851-2007).
- Cecil Eby, Between the Bullet and the Lie: American Volunteers and the Spanish Civil War (New York: Holt, Rineheart and Winston, 1969), p. 237
- Book list from first edition of "Not Peace but a Sword"