Violin Sonata No. 10 (Beethoven)
The Violin Sonata No. 10 of Ludwig van Beethoven in G major, his Opus 96, was written in 1812, published in 1816, and dedicated to Beethoven's pupil Archduke Rudolph Johannes Joseph Rainier of Austria, who gave its first performance, together with the violinist Pierre Rode.
Structure and Analysis
It has four movements:
- Allegro moderato (in G major)
- Adagio espressivo (in E-flat major)
- Scherzo: Allegro - Trio (in G minor, Trio in E-flat major, ends in G major)
- Poco allegretto (in G major)
The final movement was written with Pierre Rode's style in mind. Shortly before completing the work, Beethoven wrote to the Archduke Rudolph “… I did not make great haste in the last movement for the sake of mere punctuality, the more because, in writing it, I had to consider the playing of Rode. In our finales we like rushing and resounding passages, but this does not please R and — this hinders me somewhat.” As a result, the finale was a set of seven variations and a short coda on a cheerful theme.
The work takes approximately 27 minutes to perform.
It is described as the loveliest of his violin sonatas, with "calm, ethereal beauty" and "a searching test for the players. Everything must be right, from the very first trill". The opening trill is an integral part of the subject.
Notes and references
- Violin Sonata No. 10: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
- Performance by Corey Cerovsek (violin) and Paavali Jumppanen (piano)] from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in MP3 format
- Cho, Eun (2013). Contrastive Study on Beethoven's Violin Sonata No. 9, Op. 49 and No. 10, Op. 96 (M.Mus.). California State University.
- Heeney, Eimear (2007). Beethoven's Works for Violin and Piano (PDF) (M.A.). Waterford Institute of Technology.
- Lin, Cheng-Yin (2013). Beethoven Sonata No. 10, Op. 96 for Piano and Violin in G Major (1812): Looking Ahead (PDF) (D.Mus.). Louisiana State University.
- Milton, Jeremy (2005). Beethoven's Piano and Violin Sonata No. 10, Opus.96; Beethoven's Emotional Condition as Reflected in a Style Analysis of the Work (PDF) (D.Mus.). University of Texas.
- Roberts, Paul Stanton (2013). Beethoven's Opus 96: The Sonata for Piano and Violin Perfected (B.Mus.). University of Southern Mississippi.
- Dmitri Smirnov The Anatomy of Beethoven’s 10th Violin Sonata
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