Vitalii Arsenievich Ditkin (2 May 1910, Bogorodsk (now Noginsk), Russia – 17 October 1987, Moscow) was a Russian mathematician who introduced Ditkin sets.
Studied at the Moscow State University in 1932—1935; in 1938 got Ph.D. degree (advisor — Abraham Plessner). From 1943 to 1948 he was with the Steklov Institute of Mathematics; from 1948 to 1955, with the Lebedev Institute of Precision Mechanics and Computer Engineering. In 1949, got the Doctor of Sciences degree. In 1955, he became a deputy director of newly formed Computing Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. He remained with the Computing Centre till his death.
In 1978 was awarded the USSR State Prize in sciences.
- Kerimov, M. K. (2001), "On the 90th anniversary of the birth of Professor Vitalii Arsen'evich Ditkin (1910--1987)", Zhurnal Vychislitel'noi Matematiki i Matematicheskoi Fiziki. Rossiĭskaya Akademiya Nauk, 41 (12): 1763–1807, ISSN 0044-4669, MR 1882969
- Prudnikov, A. P. (1989), "Vitalii Arsen'evich Ditkin", in Abramov, A. A., Analytic and numerical methods for solving problems in mathematical physics (in Russian), Moscow: Akad. Nauk SSSR Vychisl. Tsentr, pp. 5–13
- Vitalii Ditkin at the Mathematics Genealogy Project