Volunteer Reserves (United Kingdom)
The Volunteer Reserves are the British Armed Forces voluntary and part-time military reserve force. Unlike the Regular Reserve, the Volunteer Reserves do not consist of ex-Regular personnel who remain liable to be re-called for military service.[nb 1] Instead, the Volunteer Reserves consists of civilian volunteers who routinely undergo training and military operations alongside the Regular military. The Volunteer Reserves serve under a fixed-term reserve contract and provide "highly trained" military personnel integrated with their Regular counterparts, on operations both at home and overseas. For example, almost every major military operation has seen the deployment of Army Reservists alongside the Regular British Army. Volunteer Reserves are allowed to use the post-nominal letters VR after 10 years of service.
The Volunteer Reserves also includes the armed forces University Service Units (incl. below). These training units are not liable for military service, rather, they provide engagement and military training for undergraduate students at UK universities.
Volunteer Reserve units
The Volunteer Reserves primarily consist of four elements, each being an integrated part of their parent service and liable for military operations. University Training Units are listed with their parent organization:
- Army Reserve – (incl. Officers' Training Corps)
- Royal Auxiliary Air Force
Future Reserves 2020
As part of the "Future Reserves 2020" review conducted in 2012, the Volunteer Reserves (excl. University Training Units) will be fully integrated with the Regular Armed Forces and better prepared for overseas deployments and operations.
- Regular Reserve
- Reserve Forces and Cadets Association
- Maritime Reserve - a term used for the grouping together of the Royal Naval and Royal Marines Reserve
- Reserve Forces Act 1996
- Sponsored Reserves
- However ex-Regulars are eligible to join.
- "Future Reserves 2020 – The Independent Commission to review the United Kingdom's Reserve Forces" (PDF). 18 July 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 January 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
- The Army Reserve, army.mod.uk, Accessed 11 December 2014
- , UK Government, Accessed 16 May 2015
The Offfice (UK) S:1 E:2
- gov.uk MoD – reserves and cadet strengths, April 2014