W. H. Pugmire
Wilum Hopfrog Pugmire
Pugmire signing books at the World Horror Convention on March 28, 2008
|Born||May 3, 1951|
|Died||March 26, 2019 (aged 67)|
|Occupation||Short story writer|
|Genre||Weird fiction, horror fiction|
Wilum Hopfrog Pugmire (born William Harry Pugmire; May 3, 1951 – March 26, 2019), was a writer of weird fiction and horror fiction based in Seattle, Washington. His works typically were published as W. H. Pugmire (his adopted middle name derives from the story of the same title by Edgar Allan Poe) and his fiction often paid homage to the lore of Lovecraftian horror. Lovecraft scholar, biographer, and literary executor S. T. Joshi described Pugmire in 2011 as "the prose-poet of the horror/fantasy field; he may be the best prose-poet we have," and "perhaps the leading Lovecraftian author writing today."
Pugmire's stories have been published in anthologies and magazines such as The Year's Best Horror Stories, Weird Tales, Year's Best Weird Fiction, and many more. The Tangled Muse and An Ecstasy of Fear, major retrospectives of his work, were published in 2010 and 2019, respectively.
Born May 3, 1951, to a father active in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and a Jewish mother, Pugmire grew up in Seattle. Following one year in college, he served as a Mormon missionary in Omagh, Northern Ireland for eighteen months, where he corresponded with Robert Bloch and first began writing fiction. After returning from his Mormon mission in 1973, Pugmire came out as gay to the church, was given psychiatric treatment, and requested excommunication, which lasted for about 25 years. Pugmire's lover of many years, Todd, died in his arms from a heroin overdose in March 1995. In the early 2000s, he reconnected with the church and was rebaptized, telling the church's leadership that he would be a "totally queer Mormon, but celibate." He described himself as an eccentric recluse, "the Queen of Eldritch Horror," and a "punk rock queen and street transvestite".
When a student at Franklin High School and into the 1970s he played vampire 'Count Pugsly' at Jones' Fantastic Museum in Seattle, a character based on the look of Lon Chaney's vampire in London After Midnight. Issue #69 of Forrest J Ackerman's Famous Monsters of Filmland featured a dedication to Pugmire in his 'Count Pugsly' guise. In the documentary film The AckerMonster Chronicles!, Pugmire described how he was influenced by Ackerman's magazine and showed the audience the issue in which his photo appeared.
Pugmire first began writing fiction during his Mormon mission in Northern Ireland, but grew discouraged with his work and stopped until the mid-80s. Returning to Seattle, he became a figure in the local punk rock scene and launched a zine, Punk Lust, in April 1981. Pugmire's time in Ireland led him to discover the works of H. P. Lovecraft, and eventually Henry James, Oscar Wilde, and Lovecraft would become his strongest literary influences. Many of Pugmire's stories directly reference "Lovecraftian" elements (especially Nyarlathotep). A self-described "obsessed writer of Lovecraft horror", his stated goal was to "dwell forevermore within Lovecraft's titan shadow", claiming that "being Lovecraftian is my identity as an artist". Pugmire was quoted in the Seattle Post-Intelligencer as saying that his writing was "a form of personal exorcism".
Pugmire set many of his stories in the Sesqua Valley, a fictional location in the Pacific Northwest of the United States which for him served the same purpose as the fictional Arkham / Dunwich / Innsmouth nexus did for Lovecraft, or the Severn Valley for Ramsey Campbell.
Asimov's Science Fiction magazine, in their review of Sesqua Valley and Other Haunts, stated that "Pugmire’s devotion to his sources transcends mere pastiche, and his style is neither overwrought nor too sparse." Publishers Weekly, reviewing Uncommon Places: A Collection of Exquisites, said that readers "with an appetite for the weird and the decadent will find Pugmire's work a rich confection." The site's review of Monstrous Aftermath: Stories in the Lovecraft Tradition, stated that "horror fans fond of baroque prose" should enjoy the collection, noting "a knack for injecting gallows humor", but adding that those "looking for memorable plots and vivid characterizations ... will have to look elsewhere." The New York Review of Science Fiction's review of The Tangled Muse stated that Pugmire's writing revealed "a mastery of language and vocabulary that brings to mind the work of Clark Ashton Smith", noting a "distinct homoerotic theme or undercurrent that is neither gratuitous nor inconsistent but rather genuine and often central to characterization and storytelling."
Editor and scholar Scott Connors has written that, stylistically, Pugmire "owes as much to Oscar Wilde and Henry James as to HPL and Poe, creating a truly unholy fusion that defies academic boundaries between 'mainstream' and 'genre' fiction." Writing for Weird Fiction Review, Bobby Derie stated that Pugmire "wrote Lovecraftian fiction without the formulaic trappings of the mythos, wrapped in a sensuous prose and characters with easy, fluid sexuality". Issue 28 of The Lovecraft eZine was devoted to Pugmire—"one of our greatest Lovecraftian writers"—with tributes from S. T. Joshi, Joseph S. Pulver Sr., and others; in it, Lovecraftian author and editor Robert M. Price described Pugmire as "the Oscar Wilde of our time ... the most revered and beloved figure in the Lovecraftian movement today." Author Laird Barron listed him as one of "the best contemporary horror/weird fiction" small-press authors, and a writer who "puts forth a new baroque masterpiece every other year". S. T. Joshi described Pugmire's writing style as "richly evocative", writing in his scholarly analysis of Cthulhu Mythos fiction, The Rise and Fall of the Cthulhu Mythos, that "Pugmire's volumes... contain some of the richest veins of neo-Lovecraftian horror seen in recent years." However, Joshi has been more critical of Pugmire's nonfiction writing, proclaiming "no one takes him seriously as a critic."
Works by Pugmire
Originally published mainly in fanzines and small press magazines, Pugmire produced a steady stream of book collections beginning in 1997. Centipede Press published two major retrospectives of his work: The Tangled Muse in October 2010, and An Ecstasy of Fear in June 2019. Earlier stories were often rewritten substantially by Pugmire if republished (notably in Weird Inhabitants of Sesqua Valley and The Tangled Muse).
The following are short story/novelette collections (with occasional inclusions of poetry) unless otherwise noted.
- Tales of Sesqua Valley (1997, Necropolitan Press)
- Dreams of Lovecraftian Horror (1999, Mythos Books, ISBN 978-0-9659433-4-5)
- Songs of Sesqua Valley (2000, Imelod Publications; collection of sonnets)
- Tales of Love and Death (2001, Delirium Books, ISBN 978-1-929653-15-7)
- A Clicking in the Shadows and Other Tales (2002, Undaunted Press; with Chad Hensley)
- Sesqua Valley and Other Haunts (2003, Delirium Books; 2008 Mythos Books paperback reprint contains three new stories)
- The Fungal Stain and Other Dreams (2006, Hippocampus Press, ISBN 978-0-9771734-3-3)
- Weird Inhabitants of Sesqua Valley (2009, Terradan Works, ISBN 978-1-4486-9954-4)
- The Tangled Muse (2010, Centipede Press, ISBN 978-1-933618-78-4)
- Gathered Dust and Others (2011, Dark Regions Press, ISBN 978-1937128098)
- Some Unknown Gulf of Night (2011, Arcane Wisdom Press, ISBN 978-1935006114)
- The Strange Dark One: Tales of Nyarlathotep (2012, Miskatonic River Press, ISBN 978-0-9821818-9-8)
- Uncommon Places: A Collection of Exquisites (2012, Hippocampus Press, ISBN 978-1-61498-023-0; prose-poetry collection)
- Encounters with Enoch Coffin (2013, Dark Regions Press, ISBN 978-1-62641-000-8; with Jeffrey Thomas)
- Bohemians of Sesqua Valley (2013, Arcane Wisdom Press)
- The Revenant of Rebecca Pascal (2014, Dark Renaissance Books, ISBN 978-1-937128-83-8; novel; with David Barker)
- These Black Winged Ones (2014, Myth Ink Books)
- In the Gulfs of Dreams and Other Lovecraftian Tales (2015, Dark Renaissance Books, ISBN 978-1-937128-49-4; with David Barker)
- Monstrous Aftermath: Stories in the Lovecraftian Tradition (2015, Hippocampus Press, ISBN 978-1-61498-133-6)
- Witches in Dreamland (2018, Hippocampus Press, ISBN 978-1-614982-30-2; novel; with David Barker)
- An Ecstasy of Fear (2019, Centipede Press, ISBN 978-1-61347-085-5)
Selected anthology and magazine appearances
- "Whispering Wires", Space and Time (#20, September 1973; as "Bill Pugmire"; first sold story)
- "Pale Trembling Youth" (with Jessica Amanda Salmonson), Cutting Edge (1986, Doubleday); reprinted in The Year's Best Horror Stories XV (1987, DAW Books) and Horrrorstory Vol. V (1989, Underwood-Miller)
- "O, Christmas Tree" (with Jessica Amanda Salmonson), Tales by Moonlight II (1989, Tor Books)
- "The Boy with the Bloodstained Mouth", The Year's Best Horror Stories XVIII (1990, DAW Books)
- "Delicious Antique Whore", Love in Vein (1994, HarperCollins; 2000, Eos; 2005, Harper Voyager)
- "The Night City" (with Chad Hensley), The Darker Side: Generations of Horror (2002, Roc Books)
- "The Serenade of Starlight", The Children of Cthulhu (2002, Del Rey Books / Ballantine Books)
- "The House of Idiot Children" (with M. K. Snyder), Weird Tales (#348, January / February 2008)
- "Inhabitants of Wraithwood", Black Wings: New Tales of Lovecraftian Horror (2010, PS Publishing; reprinted as Black Wings of Cthulhu, 2012, Titan Books)
- "Some Buried Memory", The Book of Cthulhu (2011, Night Shade Books)
- "The Fungal Stain", New Cthulhu: The Recent Weird (2011, Prime Books)
- "The Hands that Reek and Smoke", The Book of Cthulhu II (2012, Night Shade Books)
- "A Quest of Dream", Year's Best Weird Fiction, Volume One (2014, Undertow Publications)
- "Half Lost in Shadow", Black Wings IV (2015, PS Publishing; 2016, Titan Books)
- "Old Time Entombed", That Is Not Dead: Tales of the Cthulhu Mythos Through the Centuries (2015, PS Publishing)
- "They Smell of Thunder", New Cthulhu 2: More Recent Weird (2015, Prime Books)
- "Into Ye Smoke-Wreath'd World of Dream", Cthulhu Fhtagn! (2015, Word Horde)
- "The Imps of Innsmouth", Innsmouth Nightmares (2015, PS Publishing)
- "A Shadow of Thine Own Design", The Mammoth Book of Cthulhu (2016, Robinson / Running Press)
- "In Blackness Etched, My Name", Black Wings V (2016, PS Publishing; 2018, Titan Books)
- "The Barrier Between", Nightmare's Realm: New Tales of the Weird and Fantastic (2017, Dark Regions Press)
- "To Move Beneath Autumnal Oaks", Black Wings VI (2017, PS Publishing; 2018, Titan Books)
- "An Implement of Ice", Weirdbook (#38, 2018)
- "Wilum Pugmire". Centipede Press. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
- Pugmire, W. H. (2011). The Tangled Muse. Foreword by S. T. Joshi. Centipede Press. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-933618-78-4.
- Joshi, S. T. (2010). I Am Providence: The Life and Times of H. P. Lovecraft. Hippocampus Press. p. 1043. ISBN 978-0-9824296-7-9.
- Thomas, Jeffrey (26 February 2009), "An Interview with W. H. Pugmire", Punktalk, archived from the original on 13 August 2018, retrieved 8 February 2013,
My best friend in high school was Jewish, and that began a Jewish identification. Later I learned that I AM Jewish on my mom's side of the family.
- "Latter-day Saint, Latter-day Lovecraft: an interview with W.H. Pugmire" by Theric Jepson, A Motley Vision, 4 February 2010.
- Pugmire, W. H. "Happy Birthday, Bho Blok (5 April 2012)". A View from Sesqua Valley. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
- Cushing, Nicole (11 May 2012). ""…Fiction that is Audaciously One's Own": An Interview with W.H. Pugmire". Litggressive. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- "Love For The Craft: The Weird Tales Of W.H. Pugmire". The Monarch Review. 1 March 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- Powers-Douglas, Miranda (2005). Cemetery Walk. AuthorHouse. pp. 114–15. ISBN 978-1-4208-6826-5.
- "Biographical Material", in The Fungal Stain and Other Dreams by W. H. Pugmire (New York: Hippocampus Press, 2006) ISBN 0-9771734-3-7.
- Humphrey, Clark (2006). Vanishing Seattle. Arcadia Publishing. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-7385-4869-2.
- Pugmire, W. H. (30 November 2012). "Remembering Count Pugsly". A View from Sesqua Valley. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
- Famous Monsters of Filmland, September 1970, p. 4
- Brock, Jason V (Director) (2012). The AckerMonster Chronicles! (Documentary). USA: JaSunni Productions, LLC.
- Joshi, S. T. (31 March 2019). "My Friend, Wilum Pugmire". stjoshi.org. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- "W.H. Pugmire (1951–2019)". Locus. 27 March 2019.
- Derie, Bobby (27 March 2019). "Editor Spotlight: W. H. Pugmire". Deep Cuts in a Lovecraftian Vein. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
- Kramer, Bret (1 April 2019). "WH Pugmire, 1951-2019". Sentinel Hill Press. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
- Davis, Mike (8 April 2019). "In memory of our friend W.H. Pugmire: video and audio interviews, and more". Lovecraft eZine. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
- Eden, Deirdra A. (22 July 2011). "Interview with Author W. H. Pugmire". A Storybook World. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
- Hamlin, Andrew (26 January 2016). "Punk snot dead". The Seattle Review of Books. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- Mamatas, Nick (21 December 2009). "Wilum Hopfrog Pugmire, The Interview". Livejournal. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
- Hoenigman, David (15 March 2012). "An Interview With Wilum Hopfrog Pugmire by David Hoenigman". The Bailer. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
- Steele, Justin (3 January 2013). "Interview: W.H. Pugmire". The Arkham Digest. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
- Pugmire, W. H. (12 June 2013). "The H Word: Lovecraftian Horror". Nightmare Magazine. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
- "Issue #28 – December 2013". The Lovecraft eZine. 6 December 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
- Bartley, Nancy (30 October 1988). "Ghost Writers – Seattle's Horror-Fiction Authors Find Our Region's Gloomy Days Nourish Their Creative Spirits". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. p. K1.
- Joshi, S. T. (6 April 2019). "More on Wilum, and Other Matters". stjoshi.org. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- Draa, Douglas (26 November 2013). "The WEIRD Bookshelf: An Interview with Wilum "Hopfrog" Pugmire". Weird Tales. Archived from the original on 10 February 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
- Di Filippo, Paul (2004). "On Books". Asimov's Science Fiction. Archived from the original on 20 February 2012. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- "Uncommon Places: A Collection of Exquisites". Publishers Weekly. 18 June 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Monstrous Aftermath: Stories in the Lovecraftian Tradition". Publishers Weekly. 22 August 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- "Wilum H. Pugmire's The Tangled Muse", by Peter Rawlik, The New York Review of Science Fiction, October 2011, Issue 278, pages 13–14.
- Connors, Scott (Fall 2011). "A Kinship with Monsters: Review of The Tangled Muse by W. H. Pugmire". Dead Reckonings. New York: Hippocampus Press. 1 (10): 24–26. ISSN 1935-6110.
- Derie, Bobby (15 September 2014). "A Brief History of Sex in Weird Fiction". Weird Fiction Review. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
- Barron, Laird (12 March 2017). "Authors to Read (Part II)". Laird Barron. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- Barron, Laird (21 December 2017). "The Black Barony 1". Laird Barron. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- Joshi, S. T. (2007). Icons of Horror and the Supernatural: An Encyclopedia of Our Worst Nightmares. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 123. ISBN 978-0-313-33781-9.
- Joshi, S. T. (2008). The Rise and Fall of the Cthulhu Mythos. Poplar Bluff, MO: Mythos Press. p. 268. ISBN 9780978991180.
- Joshi, S. T. "Review of A Look Behind the Derleth Mythos, by John Haefele". Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- Entry for PUGMIRE, WILLIAM “WILUM” H. (1951– ), The Locus Index to Science Fiction: 1984–1998, accessed 5 February 2013.
- "Summary Bibliography: W. H. Pugmire". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
- "The Tangled Muse". Centipede Press. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- "An Ecstasy of Fear". Centipede Press. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
- "Contents Lists: Space and Time, Issues 20-49". The Science Fiction, Fantasy, & Weird Fiction Magazine Index. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
- Sammons, Brian M. (10 May 2016). "Interview with author W.H. Pugmire by Brian M. Sammons". Dark Regions Press. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
- "Publication: The Year's Best Horror Stories: XV". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. 1 March 2015. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
- "Publication: Tales by Moonlight II". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. 17 January 2013. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
- "Publication: The Year's Best Horror Stories: XVIII". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. 1 September 2015. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
- "Publication: Love in Vein: Twenty Original Tales of Vampiric Erotica". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. 14 April 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
- "Publication: The Darker Side: Generations of Horror". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
- "The Children of Cthulhu". Random House. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- "Locus Online: New Magazines, early April 2008". Locus. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- "Black Wings of Cthulhu (Volume One)". Titan Books. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- "The Book of Cthulhu: About the Authors". The Book of Cthulhu. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- "New Cthulhu: The Recent Weird edited by Paula Guran". Prime Books. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- "The Book of Cthulhu II: About the Authors". The Book of Cthulhu. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- "Final ToC of the Year's Best Weird Fiction, Volume One". Laird Barron. 30 March 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
- "Black Wings IV - New Tales of Lovecraftian Horror hardcover edited by S.T. Joshi". PS Publishing. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- "That is Not Dead [Hardcover] edited by Darrell Schweitzer". PS Publishing. Retrieved 2019-11-29.
- "New Cthulhu 2: More Recent Weird edited by Paula Guran". Prime Books. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- "Cthulhu Fhtagn!". Word Horde. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
- "Innsmouth Nightmares - Table of Contents". www.loisgresh.com. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- "The Mammoth Book of Cthulhu edited by Paula Guran". Paula Guran. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- "Black Wings V hardcover edited by S. T. Joshi". PS Publishing. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- "Nightmare's Realm: New Tales of the Weird and Fantastic". Dark Regions Press. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- "Black Wings VI hardcover edited by S. T. Joshi". PS Publishing. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- "Weirdbook #38". Wildside Press. Retrieved 2020-01-02.
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