Walloon Coal Measures

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Walloon Coal Measures
Stratigraphic range: Oxfordian-Early Tithonian
166–149 Ma
Unit ofInjune Creek Group
Sub-unitsJuandah Coal Measures, Maclean Sandstone Member, Tangalooma Sandstone, Taroom Coal Measures, Mutdapilly fossil locality
UnderliesSpringbok Sandstone
OverliesHutton Sandstone, Eurombah Formation
Thickness420–700 m (1,380–2,300 ft)
PrimaryShale, sandstone, siltstone
OtherCoal, limestone
Coordinates27°00′S 152°36′E / 27.0°S 152.6°E / -27.0; 152.6Coordinates: 27°00′S 152°36′E / 27.0°S 152.6°E / -27.0; 152.6
Approximate paleocoordinates67°12′S 93°18′E / 67.2°S 93.3°E / -67.2; 93.3
Region Queensland
Country Australia
ExtentSurat & Clarence-Moreton Basins
Type section
Named forWalloon
Named byDudgeon
Year defined1982
Walloon Coal Measures is located in Australia
Walloon Coal Measures
Walloon Coal Measures (Australia)

The Walloon Coal Measures are a Late Jurassic geologic subgroup in Queensland, Australia. Deposited within the Surat Basin it is Oxfordian to early Tithonian in age based on lead-uranium dating of tuffites within the unit. The dinosaur Rhoetosaurus is known from the unit.[1]


The 420 to 700 metres (1,380 to 2,300 ft) thick formation comprises thin-bedded, claystones, shales, siltstones, lithic and sublithic to feldspathic arenites, coal seams and partings and minor limestone. The formation is laterally equivalent to the Mulgildie Coal Measures and Birkhead Formation.[2]

Coal-measure fossils[edit]

The formation, in the Jurassic in the South Polar region, has provided fossil flora and trace fossils of theropods, ornithopods and Changpeipus bartholomaii and Garbina roeorum.[3][4]


  1. ^ Todd, Christopher N.; Roberts, Eric M.; Knutsen, Espen M.; Rozefelds, Andrew C.; Huang, Hui-Qing; Spandler, Carl (December 2019). "Refined age and geological context of two of Australia's most important Jurassic vertebrate taxa (Rhoetosaurus brownei and Siderops kehli), Queensland". Gondwana Research. 76: 19–25. doi:10.1016/j.gr.2019.05.008.
  2. ^ Walloon Coal Measures - Australian Stratigraphic Units Database
  3. ^ Westvale No. 5 Colliery at Fossilworks.org
  4. ^ Balgowan Colliery, Darling Downs at Fossilworks.org

Further reading[edit]

  • L. C. Ball. 1933. Fossil footprints. Queensland Government Mining Journal 34(403):384
  • A. Bartholomai. 1966. Fossil footprints in Queensland. Australian Natural History 15:147-150
  • J. B. Cameron. 1970. The Rosewood-Walloon coalfield. Geological Survey of Queensland Publication 344:1-42
  • Dudgeon, M.J., 1982, Stratigraphy and palaeobotany of east and west Haldon, Main Range, southeast Queensland., University of Queensland Department of Geology. Papers, 10(2), p83-110
  • Green, P.M., Carmichael, D.C., Brain, T.J., Murray, C.G., McKellar, J.L., Beeston, J.W., Gray, A.R.G., 1997, Lithostratigraphic units in the Bowen and Surat Basins, Queensland IN: Green, P.M. (ed.) "The Surat and Bowen Basins, south-east Queensland", Queensland Minerals and Energy Review Series, Queensland Geological Survey, 1v, p41-108
  • T. H. Rich and P. Vickers-Rich. 2003. A Century of Australian Dinosaurs. Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery and Monash Science Centre, Monash University 1-124
  • J. F. Rigby. 1978. Jurassic plant fossils from the Walloon Coal Measures at Rosewood Consolidated Colliery. Queensland Government Mining Journal 526-529
  • Wells, A.T., O'Brien, P.E., 1994, Lithostratigraphic framework of the Clarence-Moreton Basin IN Wells, A.T. and O'Brien, P.E. (eds.) "Geology and Petroleum Potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland", Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin, 241, p4-47