Walter Ball (baseball)
|George Walter Ball|
Walter Ball, 1909
September 12, 1878|
|Died: December 16, 1946
George Walter Ball (September 13, 1877 – December 15, 1946) was an African-American baseball pitcher in the Negro Leagues. Born in Detroit, Michigan, from 1893 he played ten years as the only black player on minor white teams in Minnesota and North Dakota. For more than a decade beginning 1903, he played for major teams, mainly in the Chicago region. Sources say he was given the nickname "The Georgia Rabbit" and "Diamond."
He began his baseball career in 1893 in St. Paul, Minnesota playing for the Young Cyclones team. He also played briefly with the Osceola team until 1899, when he went to Grand Forks, North Dakota where he played until the end of the 1900 season. In the first season, Ball won 25 out of 28 games, and helped the team win the state baseball championship of North Dakota.
Ball played with the Lakota, North Dakota team for the first part of the 1901 season. He captained the York, North Dakota baseball team the last half of the season and finished the season there.
In 1902 he played on the St. Cloud baseball team, helping them win the championship of eastern Minnesota. He wintered in Grand Forks, North Dakota and was signed by Frank Leland to play for his Chicago Union Giants in 1903. It was the first colored baseball team Ball had ever played for, and until then he had always been the only black player on white teams.
After the 1903 season with the Chicago Union Giants, Ball was signed and played for the Cuban X-Giants for the 1904 season, playing with Mike Moore, Grant Johnson, Harry Buckner, Dan McClellan, and Big Bill Smith.
In 1905 Ball played the first half of the season for the Brooklyn Royal Giants. During the last half of the season, he was back playing for the Chicago Union Giants, reportedly winning 48 straight games.
In 1906 Ball went to New York to play a season with the Quaker Giants, but the team folded by July 1 of that year. He came back to Chicago and finished the year with the Leland Giants.
Working with Reid and Hirshfield, Ball organized and managed the St. Paul Gophers in 1907. He even played on the team part of the season, but didn’t finish the season there and moved back to Chicago to finish the year with the Leland Giants.
In 1908 Ball went back to Minneapolis, Minnesota and played for the Keystones. However, Frank Leland got Ball released from his contract, and he returned to Chicago to finish the season. He played winter ball in 1908-1909 for the Fe club of Havana, Cuba, winning 12 out of 15 games. He prevented the Almendares from winning the pennant which they had won five years in a row. When the winter season closed on March 31, 1909, he joined the Lelands at spring training in Memphis, Tennessee in April and toured the south, never losing a game in Spring Training.
Ball opened the 1909 season with the Leland Giants, losing only one out of 25 league games that year.
- "Three Straight From Giants" The Upper Des Moines Republican, Algona, IA, August 5, 1903, Page 5, Column 5
- "Lelands Beat All-Stars" Indianapolis Freeman, Indianapolis, IN, September 25, 1909, Page 7, Column 4
- "Stars Drive Ball off Mound to Win" Detroit Free Press, Detroit, Michigan, Monday, May 31, 1920, Page 17, Column 3
- "St. Louis Loses to Guenthers" Indianapolis Freeman, Indianapolis, IN, July 27, 1912
- "Frank Lelands' Chicago Giants Base Ball Club" Fraternal Printing Company, 1910
- "The Base Ball Spirit In The East." Indianapolis Freeman, Indianapolis, Indiana, Saturday, December 25, 1909, Page 7, Columns 1 and 2
- "1952 Pittsburgh Courier Poll of Greatest Black Players"
- Riley, James A. (1994). "Ball, George Walter". The Biographical Encyclopedia of the Negro Baseball Leagues. Carroll & Graf. pp. 47–48. ISBN 0-7867-0959-6.