Walter Charles Rand

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Walter Charles Rand (12 May 1863 – 3 July 1897[1]) was an Indian Civil Service officer in British India.

An epidemic of bubonic plague spread in Pune in 1896. On 19 February 1897, Rand was appointed as plague commissioner of the city.[1] Rand took measures that he noted as "perhaps the most drastic that had ever been taken to stamp out an epidemic."[2] Rand's efforts to control plague were considered tyrannical and brutal by many in Pune including Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak.[1][3]

Rand and his military escort Lt. Ayerst were shot by Chapekar brothers on 22 June 1897. Ayerst died on the spot, while Rand died of his injuries on 3 July.

Prior to being posted at Pune, Rand was posted as assistant collector of Satara.[1]

His assassination rapidly became a part of the "myth" of Indian national movement, especially in Maharashtra.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Keer, Dhananjay (1959). Lokmanya Tilak: Father of Our Freedom Struggle. pp. 117–128.
  2. ^ Draft of Report to Government of Bombay by W. C. Rand as cited in Chandavarkar, Rajnarayan (1989). "Plague Panic and Epidemic Politics in India, 1896-1914". Epidemics and Ideas: Essays on the Historical Perception of Pestilence. p. 207.
  3. ^ Tilak wrote in his newspaper Mahratta that "Plague is more merciful to us than its human prototypes now reigning the city. The tyranny of Plague Committee and its chosen instruments is yet too brutal to allow respectable people to breathe at ease."
  4. ^ Catanach, I.J. (1984). "Poona politicians and the plague". South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies. 7 (2): 1–18. doi:10.1080/00856408408723055.