Satara (city)

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For the moth genus, see Satara (moth).
Satara
सातारा
Shahunagari
City
Clockwise from top: Chaarbhinti, Natraj Mandir, The name of the city 'Satara' in three different scripts: Modi, Devnagri and Latin; Kshetra Mahuli, Ajinkyatara Fort, and the panorama of Satara city.
Clockwise from top: Chaarbhinti, Natraj Mandir, The name of the city 'Satara' in three different scripts: Modi, Devnagri and Latin; Kshetra Mahuli, Ajinkyatara Fort, and the panorama of Satara city.
Satara is located in Maharashtra
Satara
Satara
Location of Satara in Maharashtra
Coordinates: 17°41′17″N 74°00′22″E / 17.688°N 74.006°E / 17.688; 74.006Coordinates: 17°41′17″N 74°00′22″E / 17.688°N 74.006°E / 17.688; 74.006
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Satara
Founded by Chhatrapati Shahu
Area
 • Total 22.42 km2 (8.66 sq mi)
Elevation 742 m (2,434 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 326,765
Demonym(s) Satarkar
Language
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 415001,415002,415003,
415004,415005,415006
Telephone code 02162
Vehicle registration MH-11
Website www.satara.nic.in

Satara (About this sound pronunciation  is a city located in the Satara District of Maharashtra state of India, near the confluence of the river Krishna and its tributary river Venna. The city was established in the 16th century and was the seat of Raja of Satara Chhatrapati Shahu. It is the headquarters of Satara Tahsil, as well as Satara District. The city gets the name from Seven-forts(Sat-Tara) which are close to the city.Satara is well known for its sweet: kandi pedhe.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Medieval[edit]

The first Muslim invasion of the Deccan took place in 1296. In 1636 the Nizam Shahi dynasty came to an end. In 1663 Shivaji conquered Parali and Satara fort. After death of Shivaji, Shahu Shivaji, Heir Apparent to Maratha Kingdom, captured by Mughals when he was only seven years old, remained their prisoner till the death of his father in 1700. The Dowager Maharani Tarabai proclaimed his younger half-brother, and her son, Shahu Sambhaji as Chhatrapati Maharaj under her regency. Mughals released Shahu with some conditions in 1707, so that Marathas would face an internal war for the throne. Shahu returned to Maratha empire and claimed his inheritance. Aurangzeb's son Muhammad Azam Shah conquered Satara fort (Ajinkyatara) after a 6-month siege, later won by Parshuram Pratinidhi in 1706. In 1708 Chattrapati Shahu, the son of Chhatrapati Sambhaji, was crowned on the Satara fort. The direct descendents of Raja Shivaji continue to live in Satara. Udayanraje Bhonsle is the 13th descendent of Shivaji Maharaj.Dundle is the Sardar Of Chhatrpati Shivaji Maharaj. [2]

Features[edit]

  • Satara is well known for its sweet: kandi pedhe.[citation needed]
  • Satara City is located at foot of famous fort Ajinkyatara.
  • Satara City has a unique statue of Shivaji standing near a canon at Powai Naka[citation needed]
  • Kas plateau / Flower plateau is now a World Natural Heritage site.[1]
  • Satara city have two palaces in heart of city ,Old palace(Juna Rajwada) ,New palace(Nava Rajwada) adjoining each other.Old palace was built around 300years ago.New palace was built about 200 years ago.
  • Thoseghar Waterfalls is near to Satara around 20km west of satara.
  • Vajrai Waterfall is India's Highest water fall is around 22 km from Satara city.
  • Sajjangad is near to satara around 15 km.Samarth Ramdas swami samadhi is on Sajjangad fort.

How to visit[edit]

Satara can be reached by road, train or by air. It is about 250 km from Mumbai. There are busses starting at 9 AM in the Morning. Train services from CST to Kolhapur via Satara. Also available are S.T buses from Borivali, Dadar, Mumbai central, Bhayandar, Thane to Satara.

Geography[edit]

View of Satara City at sunset from Chaarbhinti (Clicked at 11 December 2010; 1815 hrs.(IST)

Satara is located at 17°41′N 73°59′E / 17.68°N 73.98°E / 17.68; 73.98.[3] Satara city is surrounded by Seven mountains.

It is located on National Highway 4, between Karad and Khandala.[4]

Climate[edit]

Satara city have Pleasant climate all around year due to mountains surrounding City.Summers are not too hot and winters are not too cold.Satara city receives Moderate rainfall around 1200 to 1500 mm all around year.

Climate data for Satara
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.0
(84.2)
30.8
(87.4)
34.6
(94.3)
36.3
(97.3)
34.8
(94.6)
29.4
(84.9)
25.4
(77.7)
25.7
(78.3)
27.2
(81)
30.2
(86.4)
28.6
(83.5)
28.4
(83.1)
30.03
(86.06)
Average low °C (°F) 11.0
(51.8)
12.6
(54.7)
17.3
(63.1)
20.1
(68.2)
22.4
(72.3)
21.6
(70.9)
21.0
(69.8)
20.4
(68.7)
20.1
(68.2)
18.6
(65.5)
14.7
(58.5)
11.2
(52.2)
17.58
(63.66)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.1
(0.122)
1.3
(0.051)
3.3
(0.13)
18.3
(0.72)
34.8
(1.37)
134.4
(5.291)
370.3
(14.579)
296.9
(11.689)
125.0
(4.921)
81.5
(3.209)
49.3
(1.941)
6.9
(0.272)
1,125.1
(44.295)
Source: Government of Maharashtra

Tourism[edit]

Bamnoli Boating View

The famous tourist points near Satara City are:

A view of Narayan Maharaj Math from Shembdi Vaghali-Bamnoli Road
A Sunset view from Naryan Maharaj Math, Bamnoli

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[6] Satara had a population of 120,079; males constituted 52% of the population and females 48%. Satara has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 74%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 76%. In Satara, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. Marathi is the native and most widely spoken language, although English, Kannada and Gujarati are also spoken.[citation needed]

Maharashtra state's sex ratio is 883 girls per 1000 boys, and Satara fares worse still at 881, in spite of the high level of literacy.[7] The population of Satara has crossed the municipal limits and actual urban agloromation population 326,765.

Religions in Satara city
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
83.3%
Muslims
  
7.7%
Christian
  
4%
Jain
  
3.7%
Buddhist
  
1.3%
Others†
  
1%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Parsi (0.8%).

Transport[edit]

Satara city is well connected with the rest of Maharashtra by road and rail. National Highway 4 running between Mumbai and Chennai passes through Satara. A bypass was constructed in the 1990s to avoid traffic congestion in the city. NH4,ma part of the Golden Quadrilateral, has been fully converted to a 4-lane divided highway while the stretch between Pune and Satara has been upgraded to 6-lane. National Highway 665 Starts from Satara,Satara-Akluj-Latur Highway connects Satara city to Latur,it passes through koregaon,pusegaon,mhaswad,Akluj,Tembhurni ,Murud.It is will be also a 4 lane highway,work is going to start soon.

State Highway 58 connects Satara with Mahabaleshwar and Solapur.[citation needed]

Satara railway station lies on the Pune-Miraj line of the Central Railways and is administered by the Pune Railway Division. The railway station is located a small distance east of the city and is served by several express trains. Sahyadri Express, Koyna Express, Mahalaxmi Express, Maharashtra Express, Goa Express are daily trains that have stops at Satara.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Mulla, Mohsin (4 July 2012). "Kaas to bloom for only 2,000 tourists daily". Dnaindia.com. 
  2. ^ http://www.royalark.net/India4/satara.htm
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Satara.
  4. ^ "Satara District Map". mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  5. ^ Chaphal details. virajtravels.in
  6. ^ Cities having population 1 lakh and above. censusindia.gov.in
  7. ^ Babu, Chaya. 285 Indian girls no longer called "unwanted". Associated Press via MSNBC. 22 October 2011

Further reading[edit]

  • Paul H. von Tucher: Nationalism: Case and crisis in Mission – German Missions in British India 1939 – 1946 Diss. Erlangen 1980. Author's edition Erlangen/Germany 1980. Read SATARA.
  • Wilhelm Filchner: Life of a Researcher (chapter XXIII). Wilhelm Filchner was interned from September 1941 until November 1946 in the Parole Camp in Satara.
  • Selections from the Historical Records of the Hereditary Minister of Baroda. Consisting of letters from Bombay, Baroda, Poona and Satara Governments. Collected by B. A. Gupte. Calcutta 1922.
  • Malik, S. C. Stone Age Industries of the Bombay & Satara Districts, M. Sayajirao University Baroda 1959.
  • Irawati Karve, Jayant Sadashiv Randadive, The Social Dynamics of a Growing Town and Its Surrounding Area. Deccan College, 1965, Poona. ISBN B0000CQW3J
  • Valunjkar, T. N. Social Organization, Migration & Change in a Village Community, Deccan College Poona 1966.
  • Dr. B.R.Ambedkar writes about his experience while living as a child in Satara in his autobiographical book, Waiting for a Visa [1]

External links[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.