Jump to content

Satara (city)

Coordinates: 17°41′17″N 74°00′22″E / 17.688°N 74.006°E / 17.688; 74.006
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

View from Ajinkyatara Fort of the city of Satara (Maharashtra)
View from Ajinkyatara Fort of the city of Satara (Maharashtra)
Satara is located in Maharashtra
Location of Satara in Maharashtra
Coordinates: 17°41′17″N 74°00′22″E / 17.688°N 74.006°E / 17.688; 74.006
Country India
State Maharashtra
Established16th century
Founded byShahu I
Named for'Saat Tara' or Saat Tare meaning Seven Stars denoting the seven hill forts in the adjoining areas of the city
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodySatara Municipal Council
 • Total22.42 km2 (8.66 sq mi)
742 m (2,434 ft)
 • Total179,147 (2,011)[1]
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
415001, 415002, 415003, 415004, 415005, 415006
Telephone code02162
Vehicle registrationMH-11

Satara (pronunciation) (ISO: Sātārā) is a city located in the Satara District of Maharashtra state of India, near the confluence of the river Krishna and its tributary, the Venna.[2] The city was established in the 16th century and was the seat of the Chhatrapati of Maratha Empire, Shahu I.

It is the headquarters of Satara Tehsil, as well as the Satara District. The city gets its name from the seven forts (Sat-Tara) which are around the city. The city is known as a Soldier's city as well as Pensioner's city. The city had a population of 179,147 in 2011.[3]


The first known Muslim ruling of the Deccan took place in 1296. In 1636, the Nizam Shahi dynasty came to an end. In 1663, Shivaji conquered Parali and Satara fort. After the death of Shivaji, Shahu, heir apparent to the Maratha Empire, was captured by Mughals when he was only seven years old. He remained their prisoner till the death of his father in 1700.

The Dowager Maharani Tarabai proclaimed his younger half-brother, and her son, Shahu Sambhaji as Chhatrapati Maharaj under her regency. Mughals released Shahu under certain preconditions in 1707, so that Marathas would face an internal war for the throne. Shahu returned to the Maratha Empire and claimed his inheritance.

Aurangzeb's son Muhammad Azam Shah conquered Satara fort Ajinkyatara after a 6-month siege, later won by Parshuram Pratinidhi in 1706. In 1708, Chattrapati Shahu, the son of Chattrapati Sambhaji, was crowned at the Satara fort. The direct descendants of Shivaji continue to live in Satara. Chattrapati Udayanraje Bhonsle is the 13th descendant of Shivaji.[4]

A shadow government was established during Quit India movement in Satara.[5]

Modern history[edit]

In 2023, a communal clash in Satara's Pusesavali village stemming from a social media post led to one death and nineteen injuries.[6] The victim, Nurul Hasan, was reportedly unconnected to the social media posts in question.[7]



Satara is located at 17°41′N 73°59′E / 17.68°N 73.98°E / 17.68; 73.98.[8] It lies in the Satara District.[9] Satara city is surrounded by seven mountains. Satara lies on the slope of Ajinkyatara fort.[10] It lies on the western side of the Deccan Plateau. Pune (110 KM), Sangli (121 KM), Kolhapur (122 KM) and Solapur (263 KM) are the main cities close to Satara.[9] The city is surrounded by the tehsils of Koregaon on the West, Karad (51 KM) and Patan on the South, Jawali on the East and Wai on the North.[9]

National Highway 48 (formerly National Highway 4) passes through Satara, between Karad and Khandala.[11] Kaas Plateau, a valley of flowers, is situated 25 km away from Satara .[12]

The Satara District experiences earthquakes of minor magnitudes. the epicenter of these earthquakes are scattered in Patan Taluka.[10]

Satara is famous for the Kaas Plateau, Thoseghar, and a lot of natural sites present in the vicinity of the city. Kass Plateau has been awarded as a UNESCO's World Heritage Site (WHS). In the monsoon months, the Kaas Pathar, as it is locally known, transforms into a wildflower wonderland. More particularly so in September when vivid shades of pink balsams, yellow Smithia flowers, and blue utricularias carpet the vast grasslands. It’s a must-visit for serious botanists, amateur photographers to witness the spectrum of Western Ghats monsoon montane grasslands flora, some of which are rare and endangered.[13]


Satara city has a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen climate classification: Aw) that is influenced by the relatively high altitude and mountains surrounding the city. Summers are more hot than the winters. Satara city receives rainfall from 900 mm to 1,500 mm depending on the strength of the monsoon.

Climate data for Satara (1981–2010, extremes 1933–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.8
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 29.8
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 12.8
Record low °C (°F) 4.8
Average rainfall mm (inches) 1.1
Average rainy days 0.1 0.1 0.3 1.4 2.1 10.9 15.3 12.8 8.1 5.5 1.5 0.4 58.7
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 36 29 28 34 44 70 78 79 71 56 47 41 51
Source 1: India Meteorological Department[14][15]
Source 2: Government of Maharashtra[16]


As of 2011 India census,[17] Satara had a population of 120,079; 61,129 are males while 59,066 are females, thus males constituted 52% of the population and females 48%.[18] Satara has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 74%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 76%. In Satara, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. Marathi is the native and most widely spoken language. Hindi is spoken by 1.5% of the population.

Maharashtra state's sex ratio is 883 girls per 1000 boys, and Satara fares worse still at 881, in spite of the high level of literacy.[19]

Religions in Satara city
Religion Percent
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Parsi (0.8%).

The population of Satara has crossed the municipal limits and actual urban agglomerate population 326,765. The city is surrounded with census towns viz. Pratikash B. Karanje, Khed, Godoli and Vilaspur. These census towns are considered as suburban of Satara city.

The nod for Satara city,[20] limit expansion was given by Devendra Fadnavis then chief minister of Maharashtra on 16 September 2019. The matter was pending for 40 years. The city's border will be extended to NH4 towards east, to Ajinkyatara on the south, the whole region south to Venna River, Shahupuri, Sambhajinagar, Vilaspur and Dare Budruk grampanchayats will become a part of Satara city.

Government and politics[edit]

Satara city falls under Satara Lok Sabha constituency, represented by MP Shriniwas Patil from the Nationalist Congress Party.[21] The city also elects an MLA from the Satara Vidhan Sabha constituency, represented by BJP's Shivendrasinh Abhayasinh Bhosale.[22][23]

Civic administration[edit]

Satara is a Municipal Council city in district of Satara, Maharashtra.[24] Satara Municipal Council, with population of about 1.2 lakh is Satara sub district's only municipal council located in Satara sub district of Satara district in the state Maharashtra in India.[25] Total geographical area of Satara municipal council is 8 square km. Population density of the city is 14748 persons per square km.[26]

The Satara city is divided into 39 wards for which elections are held every 5 years.[18] Among them Satara Ward No 19 is the most populous ward with population of 4691 and Satara Ward No 23 is the least populous ward with population of 2206.[18]

Civic utilities[edit]

Water from the Kaas lake is supplied to Satara city for drinking purposes.[27] Maharashtra Jeevan Pradhikaran supplies water to Satara city.[28] 19 MLD is supplied, but because of water leakage during transmission, only 17.2 MLD gets supplied effectively.[29]

Satara Municipal Council is responsible for providing sanitation and solid waste management services in the city, through private contractors.[29] 70 MT/day of solid waste is generated per day. 18 Mt/ day is disposed off through composting.[30] 8.17 sq km of the city, covering 20972 households, are covered under door to door collection.[31]

12.8 MLD of sewage is generated in the city.[30] Satara Municipal Council has plans to construct an STP of 17.5 MLD capacity.[30]

The Maharashtra Right to Public Service Act, 2015 is a revolutionary Act.[32] Citizens can get complete information regarding which services are available under this Act by accessing either the mobile app RTS Maharashtra or ‘Aaple Sarkar’ Web Portal.[32] Citizens can even apply online for availing these services.[32]


Sugarcane is the single biggest crop of Satara along with turmeric and ginger. The Satara district has around 302 banks. The per capita of Satara district is nearly 1.2 times the state average.[33] The British had, during the pre-Independence period started a variety of industries in Satara for Menthol and soap manufacturing in 1905. Bigger industries for copper were started in 1922. After independence, the whole district was stagnant in industrial growth. From 1950-60, industrial growth restarted and the manufacture of jaggery was started in the Satara Tehsil area. There is tanning industry in Satara city. It existed during the British rule, and after independence, the Maharashtra government established a modern tanning center in 1957.[34]


Kas plateau, Satara (World Heritage Site)[35]

The famous tourist points near Satara city are:

Bamnoli boating view
A view of Narayan Maharaj Math from Shembdi Vaghali-Bamnoli Road

A sunset view from Naryan Maharaj Math, Bamnoli

  • Paratapgad located 75 km North West of Satara

The fort's historical significance is due to the Battle of Pratapgad, which took place here on 10 November 1659, between Chatrapti Shivaji and Bijapur Sultanate general Afzal Khan. Killing of Afzal Khan by Chatrapati Shivaji was followed by decisive Maratha victory over the Bijapur army.

  • Panchgani located 50 km from Satara. Panchgani, called Paachgani (पाचगणी in Marathi), is a hill station and municipal council in Satara district.


Places to visit[edit]

Satara is located at the foot of the famous Ajinkyatara fort and on Kas plateau / Flower plateau, now a World Natural Heritage site.[35] Satara has two palaces in the heart of the city, the Old Palace (Juna Rajwada) and the New Palace (Nava Rajwada) adjoining each other. The Old Palace was built around 300 years ago, and the New Palace was built about 200 years ago.[citation needed]

Satara has a unique statue of Shivaji standing near a cannon, at Powai Naka. Generally, statues of Shivaji depict him riding a horse.[citation needed]

Thoseghar Waterfalls, around 20 km west of Satara, is one of the best monsoon tourist places in the Western Ghats. People come from all over Maharashtra to visit the falls, especially during the monsoon season between July and October. Vajrai Waterfall, India's highest waterfall, is around 22 km from Satara. Sajjangad Fort is around 15 km from Satara.

Satara hosts the Satara Half Hill Marathon each year.[37] In 2015, they entered the Guinness World Records book for Most People in a Mountain Run (Single Mountain) with 2,618 runners.[38][39]

Apshinge Military is a small village in Satara district. At least one member of every family in the village has served or is serving in the armed forces. The British government installed a memorial in the village to recognize the 46 soldiers who died in World War I.[40]


Satara is known for its sweet: Kandi pedha. Kandi pedha is prepared using whole milk from nearby villages. Kandi pedha has a unique flavor and a lower sugar content than other Indian sweets.[citation needed]


Satara is well known for Sainik School, Satara - The first among the chains of Sainik Schools established in the country on 23 June 1961 under the Ministry of Defence.[41] Satara has base of Rayat education institutes. Yashavantrao Chavan Institute of Science [42] is one of the famous institute from District. Rayat Shikshan Sanstha's Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil college of engineering, Satara[43] is the oldest engineering college in Satara city. Government Medical college start from year 2022. GMC (Government Medical College) Satara has first batch in the year 2022, it is located near the Civil Hospital Satara[44]

Notable people[edit]


Road links[edit]

Satara is about 250 km from Mumbai on National Highway 48 (via Mumbai Pune Expressway and PB road) and 110 km away from Pune. A bypass on Highway 48 was constructed to avoid traffic congestion in the city. National Highway 965D connects Kedgaon, Supe, Morgaon, Nira, Lonand, Wathar up to Satara. National Highway 548C starts from Satara. Satara-Akluj-Latur Highway connects Satara to Latur. It passes through Koregaon, Pusegaon, Mhaswad, Akluj, Tembhurni and Murud. It will also be a 4 lane highway, work is going to start soon. State Highway 58 connects Satara with Mahabaleshwar and Solapur.[citation needed] Satara Mahad Bankot is a newly declared national highway connecting Satara to the Konkan region.

Bus links[edit]

Private and government state transport buses are available from Borivali, Dadar, Mumbai Central, and Thane to Satara.

Air links[edit]

Pune Airport is the nearest airport.


Satara railway station lies on the Pune-Miraj line of the Central Railways and is administered by the Pune Railway Division. The station is situated near Mahuli about 0.7 km from the Satara bus stand on the Satara Pandharpur road. Satara is On Route from Mumbai to Miraj, Sangli, Kolhapur, and Bangalore (some trains). Sahyadri Express, Koyna Express, Mahalaxmi Express, Maharashtra Express, Goa Express are daily trains that have stops at Satara.[citation needed]

Railway Time Table Satara
Towards Miraj / Karad
No. Train No. Train Name Train Type Day Departure time
Dis. 11023 Mumbai – Kolhapur Sahyadri Express Discontinued Discontinued
01 11097 Pune – Ernakulam Poorna Express Sun 00.45 Am
02 17411 Mumbai - Kolhapur Mahalaxmi Express Daily 03.15 Am
03 11021 Dadar - Tirunelveli Tirunelveli / Chalukya Express Sun, Wed, Thu 04.00 Am
04 11035 Dadar – Mysore Sharavati Express Fri 04.00 Am
05 11005 Dadar - Puducherry Puducherry Express Mon, Tue, Sat 04.00 Am
06 51441 Satara – Kolhapur Demu Special Daily 05.40 Am
07 16209 Ajmer – Mysore All Mysore Express Mon, Sat 04.55 Am
08 16505 Gandhidham – Bangalore GIMB SBC Bangalore Express Wed 04.55 Am
09 16507 Jodhpur – Bangalore JU SBC Bangalore Express Sun, Fri 04.55 Am
10 16531 Ajmer – Bangalore SBC Garib Nawaz Express Tue 04.55 Am
11 11040 Gondia – Kolhapur Maharashtra Express Daily 07.30 Am
12 12148 Nizamuddin – Kolhapur Nizamuddin Express Fri 09.30 Pm
13 12782 Nizamuddin – Mysore Swarnajayani Express Tue 09.30 Pm
14 11049 Ahmadabad-Kolhapur Ahmadabad Express Mon 10.50 Pm
15 51409 Pune – Kolhapur Demu Special Daily 02.30 Pm
16 11029 Mumbai – Kolhapur Koyna Express Daily 04.00 Pm
17 12780 Nizamuddin – Vasco Goa Express Daily 07.50 Pm
18 22497 ShriGanganagar-Tiruchchirapali Humsafar Express Tue 09.45 Pm
19 01539 Pune - Satara Demu Special Daily 10.40 Pm Terminated
Sahyadri Express >> Discontinued
Information by ( Basargi) : updated In August 2022
Towards Pune
No. Train No. Train Name Train Type Day Departure time
Dis 11024 Kolhapur – Mumbai Sahyadri Express Discontinued Discontinued
01 11012 Kolhapur - Mumbai Mahalaxmi Express Daily 12.15 Am
02 12779 Vasco – Nizamuddin Goa Express Daily 01.00 Am
03 22498 Tiruchchirapali - ShriGanganagar Humsafar Express Sat 05.00 Am
04 01540 Satara - Pune Demu Special Daily 06.15 Am
05 51410 Kolhapur – Pune Passenger Daily 09.28 Am
06 11030 Kolhapur – Mumbai Koyna Express Daily 12.05 Pm
07 12147 Kolhapur – Nizamuddin Nizamuddin Express Tue 12.40 Pm
08 12781 Mysore – Nizamuddin Swarnajayani Express Sat 12.40 Pm
09 16210 Mysore – Ajmer Ajmer Express Wed, Fri 03.15 Pm
10 16506 Bangalore – Gandhidham Gandhidham Express Sun 03.15 Pm
11 16508 Bangalore - Jodhpur Jodhpur Express Tue, Thu 03.15 Pm
12 16532 Bangalore – Ajmer Garib Nawaz Express Sat 03.15 Pm
13 16532 Kolhapur – Ahmadabad Ahmadabad Express Sat 04.30 Pm
14 11039 Kolhapur - Gondia Maharashtra Express Daily 06.40 Pm
15 11098 Ernakulam – Pune Poorna Express Tue 08.10 Pm
16 51442 Kolhapur – Satara Demu Special Daily 09.28 Pm
17 11006 Puducherry - Dadar Puducherry Express Mon, Wed, Thu 11.10 Pm
18 11022 Tirunelveli - Dadar Tirunelveli / Chalukya Express Tue, Fri, Sat 11.10 Pm
19 11036 Mysore – Dadar Sharavati Express Sun 11.10 Pm
Station Del 17317 Hubli - Dadar Hubli Express Station Del Station Del

Sahyadri Express >> Discontinued
Information by( Basargi): Updated In August 2022

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "सातारा हद्दवाढ भागात नवे 8 प्रभाग : प्रारुप रचना जाहीर". 11 March 2022.
  2. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Satara" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 227.
  3. ^ "सातारा हद्दवाढ भागात नवे 8 प्रभाग : प्रारुप रचना जाहीर". 11 March 2022.
  4. ^ "Satara District : Historical reference". www.satara.gov.in.
  5. ^ Swami, V.N. (2020). Vidyabharti D.C.C. Bank (Bank clerk examination) (in Marathi). Latur, Maharashtra, India: Vidyabharti Publication. p. 191.
  6. ^ "Satara violence: 1 dead, 19 injured in clashes over social media post". The Indian Express. 11 September 2023. Retrieved 5 October 2023.
  7. ^ Deshpande, Abhinay (23 September 2023). "Anti-muslim violence: In Maharashtra's Satara, murder during a prayer". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 5 October 2023.
  8. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Satara, India". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  10. ^ a b "Groundwater Surveys and Development Agency Website".
  11. ^ "Satara District Map". Mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  12. ^ "Official Website Of Kaas". www.kas.ind.in. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  13. ^ "UNESCO's World Heritage Site Kaas Plateau". 7 August 2019.
  14. ^ "Station: Satara Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 685–686. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  15. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M152. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  16. ^ "Climate". Government of Maharashtra. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  17. ^ Cities having population 1 lakh and above. Censusindia.gov.in
  18. ^ a b c "NSDL Tax Information Network (TIN) - Search". tin.tin.nsdl.com. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  19. ^ Babu, Chaya. 285 Indian girls no longer called "unwanted". Associated Press via NBC News. 22 October 2011
  20. ^ सातारा न.पा. हद्द वाढ सातारा न.पा. हद्द वाढ (पी.डी.एफ.). "सातारा न.पा. हद्द वाढ | District Satara, Government of Maharashtra, India | India". Satara.gov.in. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  21. ^ "NCP's Shriniwas Patil Who Won Satara In Prestige Battle With BJP Sworn In". NDTV.com. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  22. ^ District wise List of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies. Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website.
  23. ^ "Bhonsle Shivendrasinh Abhaysinh(Nationalist Congress Party(NCP)):Constituency- Satara(SATARA) - Affidavit Information of Candidate". myneta.info. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  24. ^ "Municipal Council, Satara | District Satara, Government of Maharashtra, India | India". Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  25. ^ "Cenus 2011".
  26. ^ "Census 2011".
  28. ^ "Drinking Water Quality in Distribution System of Satara City Maharashtra". Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  29. ^ a b "Road Map towards 24x7 Water Supply in Class 'A' Municipal Councils in Maharashtra" (PDF). Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  30. ^ a b c "Action Plan Priorities - Venna" (PDF). Maharashtra Pollution Control Board. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  31. ^ "Solid Waste Management Information" (PDF). National Solid Waste Association of India.
  32. ^ a b c "Right to Service | District Satara, Government of Maharashtra, India | India". Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  33. ^ Seetharaman, G. (20 November 2016). "Demonetisation: Satara farmers willing to bite the bitter bullet". The Economic Times. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  35. ^ a b Mulla, Mohsin (4 July 2012). "Kaas to bloom for only 2,000 tourists daily". Dnaindia.com.
  36. ^ "VirajTravels – Perfect place to find all holiday packages". virajtravels.in. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  37. ^ "Satara Hill Half Marathon on September 6 - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  38. ^ Avlani, Shrenik (4 January 2016). "Runs you cannot miss in 2016". livemint.com/. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  39. ^ "Most people in a mountain run - single mountain". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  40. ^ "Recognise our WWI sacrifices: Apshinge Military villagers". 19 August 2013.
  41. ^ "Sainik School Satara". Sainiksatara.org. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  42. ^ Google Map. "Yashwantrao Chavan Institute of Science,Satara| Home :: Science College". Ycis.ac.in. Retrieved 18 July 2022. {{cite web}}: |author= has generic name (help)
  43. ^ "Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil College of Engineering, Satara".
  44. ^ "District Hospital, Satara · M2R5+HQ4, Sadarbazar, Guruwar Peth, Satara, Maharashtra 415002, India". District Hospital, Satara · M2R5+HQ4, Sadarbazar, Guruwar Peth, Satara, Maharashtra 415002, India. Retrieved 27 November 2022.
  45. ^ "sequentia". www.gmcsatara.org. Retrieved 27 November 2022.

CNG Pump In Satara Near Me

Further reading[edit]

  • Paul H. von Tucher: Nationalism: Case and crisis in Mission – German Missions in British India 1939 – 1946 Diss. Erlangen 1980. Author's edition Erlangen/Germany 1980. Read SATARA.
  • Wilhelm Filchner: Life of a Researcher (chapter XXIII). Wilhelm Filchner was interned from September 1941 until November 1946 in the Parole Camp in Satara.
  • Selections from the Historical Records of the Hereditary Minister of Baroda. Consisting of letters from Bombay, Baroda, Poona and Satara Governments. Collected by B. A. Gupte. Calcutta 1922.
  • Malik, S. C. Stone Age Industries of the Bombay & Satara Districts, M. Sayajirao University Baroda 1959.
  • Irawati Karve, Jayant Sadashiv Randadive, The Social Dynamics of a Growing Town and Its Surrounding Area. Deccan College, 1965, Poona. ISBN B0000CQW3J
  • Valunjkar, T. N. Social Organization, Migration & Change in a Village Community, Deccan College Poona 1966.
  • Dr. B.R.Ambedkar writes about his experience while living as a child in Satara in his autobiographical book, Waiting for a Visa [1]