Kapitänleutnant Walter Schwieger (1917)
|Born||7 April 1885|
Berlin, German Empire
|Died||5 September 1917 (aged 32)|
|Service/||Imperial German Navy|
|Years of service||1903–17|
|Commands held||U-14, 1 August – 85 December 1914|
U-20, 16 December 1914 – 5 November 1916
U-88, 23 July 1916 – 5 September 1917
|Battles/wars||U-boat Campaign (World War I)|
|Awards||Pour le Mérite|
Kapitänleutnant Walther Schwieger (Wilhem Otto Walther Schwieger) (7 April 1885 – 5 September 1917) was a U-boat commander in the Imperial German Navy (Kaiserliche Marine) during First World War. In 1915, he sank the passenger liner RMS Lusitania with the loss of 1,198 lives.
In 1903 he joined the Imperial German Navy and from 1911 onwards he served with the U-boat Service. In 1912 he took over the command of the U-14. After the outbreak of World War I in 1914 he was promoted to Kapitänleutnant and given command of the U-20.
On 7 May 1915, Schwieger was responsible for U-20's sinking passenger liner RMS Lusitania leading to the deaths of 1,198 people, an event that played a role in the United States' later entry into World War I. He also torpedoed SS Hesperian on 4 September 1915 and SS Cymric on 8 May 1916. On 31 May 1917, his U-boat U-88 sank the Miyazaki Maru during that ship's voyage from Yokohama to London, causing the loss of eight lives.
During his wartime career, Schwieger captained three different submarines, on a total of 34 missions. He sank 49 ships, measuring 183,883 gross register tons (GRT). He was the sixth most successful submarine commander of World War I.
This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (May 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat commanders: Walther Schwieger". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net.
- Maritimequest U-20 Photo Gallery
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