War Academy (Kingdom of Bavaria)

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The building of the Bavarian War College today

The Bavarian War College, also Bavarian Staff College[1] (Ge: Bayerische Kriegsakademie) was the highest military facility to educate, instruct, train, and develop general staff officers.

It was active from 1867 to the beginning of World War I in 1914.[2] For a better comparison, equivalent institutions of other countries were those like the older and ten times[3] larger Prussian War College of the Prussian Army in Berlin or the k.u.k Kriegsschule (also a War College) of the Austrian Army in Vienna.

The War College was subordinated to the Inspektion der Militärbildungs-Anstalten, a department of the Ministry of War, which was responsible for all training and institutions of the Bavarian Army.[4]

Location[edit]

Like the Military Academy (Ge: Kriegsschule[5]) and the cadet corps of the Bavarian army, it was located southwesterly of the corner Blutenburgstraße and Pappenheimstraße, nearby to the parade-ground on the Marsfeld and the later infantry barracks "Marsfeldkaserne", which were completed in 1888.[6]

Education and training[edit]

Officers of all branches except these of the railroad troops,[7] who were designated for adjutant services as well as candidates for the general staff or for military sciences had to attend the Kriegsakademie. [4] The program of the Kriegsakademie included higher education in tactics, weaponry, fortification theory, army organization, topography[8] and languages, as well as drill, sports, riding and shooting training, completed by courses in strategies, military and generically history, geography, philosophy, mathematics and physics.[9]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Othmar Hackl: Die bayerische Kriegsakademie (1867-1914)., in Schriftenreihe zur bayerischen Landesgeschichte, vol. 89, Munich, 1989

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Langenscheidt`s Encyclopaedic Dictionary of English and German Language “Der Große Muret-Sander“, Part II, German-English, First Volume A–K, 9th edition 2002, page 955
  2. ^ Kriegsakademie (German), Meyers Konversationslexikon.
  3. ^ Grundkurs deutsche Militärgeschichte (German), p. 452.
  4. ^ a b Kriegsakademie (German), in Wilhelm Volkert, Richard Bauer: Handbuch der bayerischen Ämter, Gemeinden und Gerichte, 1983, p. 361. ISBN 978-3-406-09669-3.
  5. ^ Langenscheidt`s Encyclopaedic Dictionary of English and German Language “Der Große Muret-Sander“, Part II, German-English, First Volume A–K, 9th edition 2002, page 956
  6. ^ Map of 1922
  7. ^ see also Eisenbahnkaserne
  8. ^ Before 1867 taught in the Topographisches Bureau, Munich, that became part of the General Staff in 1820.
  9. ^ Kultur, Bildung und Wissenschaft im 19. Jahrhundert - 3. Technische und fachgebietsspezifische Hochschulen (German), in Hans-Christof Kraus: Kultur, Bildung und Wissenschaft im 19. Jahrhundert, 2008, p. 35. ISBN 978-3-486-55728-2

Coordinates: 48°08′50″N 11°33′04″E / 48.14722°N 11.55111°E / 48.14722; 11.55111