Wardour, Wiltshire

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Wardour
Newwardourfront.jpg
New Wardour Castle
Wardour is located in Wiltshire
Wardour
Wardour
Wardour shown within Wiltshire
OS grid reference ST927272
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Salisbury
Postcode district SP3
Dialling code 01747
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°02′38″N 2°06′18″W / 51.044°N 2.105°W / 51.044; -2.105Coordinates: 51°02′38″N 2°06′18″W / 51.044°N 2.105°W / 51.044; -2.105

Wardour /ˈwɔːrdər/ is a settlement in Wiltshire, England, about 13 miles (21 km) west of Salisbury and 4 miles (6 km) south of Hindon. Formerly a parish in its own right, it is now part of the civil parish of Tisbury.[1]

History[edit]

The land was an estate of Wilton Abbey by the 11th century.[2]

The old 15th century Wardour Castle was slighted during the English Civil War,[3] The stronghold was replaced in 1776 by New Wardour Castle, built between 1769 and 1776.[4] It was long the home of the Lords Arundell of Wardour and later of Cranborne Chase School.[5]

All Saints' Roman Catholic chapel, Wardour, originally belonged to the Arundells' household. It was enlarged in 1788 by the eighth Lord Arundell to the designs of Giacomo Quarenghi and John Soane.[6] The chapel still has regular services and is also used for musical events.

In the 18th century part of the estate was in Tisbury parish and part in Donhead St Andrew. In 1835 Tisbury was divided into three parishes: East Tisbury, West Tisbury and Wardour. In 1927 East Tisbury and Wardour were united as Tisbury civil parish.[2]

Wardour Catholic Primary School was built in 1862.[7][8]

John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-1872) said of Wardour:

WARDOUR, a parish in Tisbury district, Wilts; 2¼ miles WSW of Tisbury r. station. Post town, Tisbury, under Salisbury. Acres and real property returned with Tisbury. Pop., 710. Houses, 119. W. Castle is the seat of Lord Arundell of W.; was built in 1776-89; is in the Grecian style, with a centre and crescent wings; has a rotunda staircase, 144 feet round; contains a rich collection of paintings and other works of art; and stands in a finely wooded park, about 5 miles in circuit. An ancient castle here was built by the Martins, before the time of Edward III; passed, through the Lovells, the Touchets, the Audleys, and others, to the Arundells; was the birthplace of Lord Chief Justice Hyde, of the 16th century; and was besieged, captured, and ruined, in the civil wars of Charles I. The living is annexed to Tisbury; and the parish contains the Tisbury workhouse.[9]

Quarrying[edit]

The parish was noted for its quarrying, particularly Chilmark Stone, Tisbury Stone and Vale of Wardour Stone.[10] Chicksgrove Quarry was operated near Tisbury in the Vale of Wardour.[11] The Purbeck beds in Wardour have long been abandoned.[12]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wardour at genuki.org.uk, accessed 14 November 2011
  2. ^ a b "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 13 pp195-248 - Parishes: Tisbury". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Johnson, Matthew (15 April 2013). Behind the Castle Gate: From the Middle Ages to the Renaissance. Routledge. p. 35. ISBN 978-1-135-13558-4. 
  4. ^ Creighton, O. H. (August 2004). Castles and Landscapes: Power, Community and Fortification in Medieval England. Equinox Publishing Ltd. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-904768-67-8. 
  5. ^ Hussey, Christopher (1955). English Country Houses: Mid Georgian, 1760-1800. Country Life. p. 119. 
  6. ^ Lisle, Leanda De; Stanford, Peter (1 January 1996). The Catholics and their houses. Harper Collins. p. 58. 
  7. ^ "Wardour Roman Catholic Primary School, Tisbury". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "Wardour Catholic Primary School". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  9. ^ Rev. John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-1872)
  10. ^ Ashurst, John; Dimes, Francis G. (1998). Conservation of Building and Decorative Stone. Routledge. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-7506-3898-2. 
  11. ^ Stanier, Peter (2006). Wiltshire in the Age of Steam: A History and Archaeology of Wiltshire Industry, C.1750-1950. Halsgrove. pp. 24–5. ISBN 978-1-84114-549-5. 
  12. ^ Coram, Robert A.; Jepson, James E.; Penney, David (2012). Fossil Insects of the Purbeck Limestone Group of Southern England: Palaeoentomology from the Dawn of the Cretaceous. Siri Scientific Press. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-9567795-3-3.