Waste treatment refers to the activities required to ensure that waste has the least practicable impact on the environment. In many countries various forms of waste treatment are required by law.
Solid waste treatment
Waste water treatment
Agricultural waste water treatment
Industrial wastewater treatment
Sewage treatment is the treatment and disposal of human waste. Sewage is produced by all human communities. Treatment in urbanized areas is typically handled by centralized treatment systems. Alternative systems may use composting processes or processes that separate solid materials by settlement and then convert soluble contaminants into biological sludge and into gases such as carbon dioxide or methane.
Radioactive waste treatment
Radioactive waste treatment is the treatment and containment of radioactive waste.
- National Management Measures to Control Nonpoint Source Pollution from Agriculture (Report). Washington, DC: US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). July 2003. EPA 841-B-03-004.
- Water Environment Federation (2020). Industrial Wastewater Management, Treatment & Disposal; Manual of Practice FD-3 (3rd ed.). Alexandria, VA: Water Environment Federation. ISBN 978-1-57278-369-0.
- Tchobanoglous, George; Burton, Franklin Louis; Stensel, H. David; Tsuchihashi, Ryujiro; Metcalf & Eddy / AECOM (2014). Wastewater Engineering: Treatment and Resource Recovery. Vol. 1 (5th ed.). McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-340118-8.