Wayside crosses in Rostov-on-Don

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Wayside crosses are monumental constructions in the form of a cross in the city of Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

Wayside cross at the entrance to the Northern Cemetery

History and description[edit]

The tradition of erecting wayside crosses began in Russia a very long time. They were installed mostly at road intersections or entrance to a city or village. Looking at such a cross, people prayed to God before starting their road. It was believed that the cross provides protection from demons and enemies.

Wayside crosses were also installed in honor of church holidays or most revered saints.

Wayside and commemorative crosses were erected in various parts of Rostov-on-Don.

At the entrance to the Northern Cemetery on Orbital Street a wayside cross was installed in 2005.

In 2001, near the Church of Mid-Pentecost in Zheleznodorozhny District of Rostov-on-Don, a memorial cross was erected in honor of Cossacks who died in many wars fighting for Russia.

In 1994, The International Fund of Slavic Literature and Culture held an event to install the wayside crosses in the name of the Holy Equal-to-the-Apostles Methodius and Cyril, who invented the Slavonic alphabet, in thirty-one cities, including Rostov-on-Don. In May 1994, in honor of St. Cyril and Methodius, the teachers of the Slavs, was installed and consecrated a venerable memorable four-pointed stone cross.[1] It is installed on a pedestal at the city park next to the Don State Public Library at the intersection of Pushkinskaya Street and the University Lane in Rostov-on-Don. The author of the monument is the Moscow sculptor Vyacheslav Klykov. Every year on May 24, Eastern Orthodox Church and the entire Slavic world honor the memory of the Holy Equal-to-the-Apostles Cyril and Methodius, the creators of the Slavonic script.

Wayside cross at Gremuchiy Spring

A white wayside cross was also erected at Gremuchiy spring. In the 1990s, the spring was consecrated.


  • Малаховский Е. И. Храмы и культовые сооружения Ростова-на-Дону, утраченные и существующие. — Ростов-на-Дону: NB, 2006. — 240 с., ил. — ISBN 5-98155-014-7 (in Russian).


External links[edit]

(in Russian)